Who are the philosophers of philosophy phenomenology


Although this term probably goes back to Lambert (to denote his theory of appearance) and its use historically refers to Kant (for whom phenomena are the world as it appears to us in time and space, as opposed to what-in-itself and is by definition inaccessible) and also on Hegel (for whom the phenomenology of spirit denotes the sequence of stages through which the spirit develops from individual sensations to universal reason), phenomenology nowadays primarily characterizes the legacy of Husserl. Husserl's descriptive approach, from which posterity will build up continental philosophy, consists in analyzing the objects of experience as they are presented to consciousness in order to determine their essence, i.e. the universal structures of objectivity. This is thus discovered as "constituted" by the subject. The difficulties which Husserl encountered in describing the nature of certain objects opened up new fields for philosophy and determined the direction of the investigations of well-known phenomenologists. For example, some terms such as time (Heidegger), freedom (Sartre), the other (Levinas), the body (Merleau-Ponty), the power (Arendt), the will (Ricoeur) and the sign (Derrida) were thanked the phenomenological method expanded and re-conceived. The term “phenomenological” is also used more generally to denote the exploration of the final components of any possible experience. It is in this sense that one must understand its use at Peirce.