Was buddha caucasian


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Dr. habil .; Associate Professor of Eastern European History at the University of Bonn, Department of Eastern European History, Lennéstrasse 1, 52113 Bonn.
Email: [email protected]

The history of the Caucasus is shaped by its geographical location between ambitious great empires. Since the end of the USSR, the republics of Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan have been struggling for internal stability.


The "Caucasus" region [1] is divided into five natural areas: the northern foothills of the Caucasus, the "Greater Caucasus", the Transcaucasian Depression, the "Lesser Caucasus" and the highlands of Armenia. Its specific geopolitical location and the extremely eventful history on the periphery of several great empires, which encompasses two percent of the territory of the former Soviet Union with around 30 million people, has made it an extremely interesting cultural interface between Europe and Asia. The spatial and sometimes temporal overlapping of the various external influences and internal developments on the one hand and the interference of ethnic and religious affiliations on the other hand determine the transitional character of the space and are responsible for a structure that is unparalleled in terms of its heterogeneity.

Anyone who speaks of the "Caucasus" today and thus primarily associates oil, geopolitical power interests and armed conflicts not only fails to recognize the potential and problems of the region, but also the challenge of analyzing the past, present and future of the peoples of the Caucasus. "The historical, cultural, economic, religious, ethnic and, last but not least, political layers that (...) overlap and permeate one another are too multifaceted and complex to be reduced to a common denominator." [2] Despite The main features of the historical development of this region will be shown in the following.