Dhoni is the worst captain in India

encyclopedia

National cricket team of India

BCCI

Nickname (s)Men in blue, Team India
AssociationCricket Control Authority in India
staff
captainVirat Kohli
TrainerRavi Shastri
history
Test status recorded1931
International Cricket Council
ICC statusFull member (1926)
ICC regionAsia
ICC ranking

Current[1]

Best ever

exam

3 ..

1. (April 1, 1973)

ODI

2 ..

1. (December 1, 1994)

T20I

3 ..

1. (March 28, 2014)

Testing
First testv. England with Lord, London; June 25-28, 1932
Last testv. New Zealand at Hagley Oval, Christchurch; February 29 - March 2, 2020
Testing

Played

Won / lost

total[2]

542

157/167
(217 draws, 1 draw)

This year[3]

2

0/2
(0 draws)

One-day internationals
First ODIv. England in Headingley, Leeds; July 13, 1974
Last ODIv. Australia at Manuka Oval, Canberra; December 2, 2020
ODIs

Played

Won / lost

total[4]

990

514/426
(9 draws, 41 no results)

This year[5]

9

3/6
(0 draw, 0 no result)

World Cup appearances12 (first in 1975)
best resultChampions (1983, 2011)
20 international matches
First T20Iv. South Africa at Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg; December 1, 2006
Last T20Iv. Australia at the Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney; December 8, 2020
T20Is

Played

Won / lost

total[6]

137

85/45
(3 draws, 4 no results)

This year[7]

11

9/1
(0 draw, 1 no result)

T20 World Cup appearances6 (first in 2007)
best resultChampions (2007)
As of December 8, 2020

The Indian men's national cricket team, also known as Team India[8] and Men in blue,[9] is chaired by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) and is a full member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) with Test, One-Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International (T20I) status.

Cricket was introduced to India by British sailors in the 18th century, and the first cricket club was founded in 1792. The Indian national cricket team played their first test match at Lord’s on June 25, 1932, making it the sixth team to be granted test cricket status. From 1932 India had to wait until 1952, almost 20 years for its first test victory. In the first fifty years of international cricket, India was one of the weaker teams, winning only 35 of the first 196 friendly matches. However, the team gained strength in the 1970s when players such as batsmen Gavaskar, Viswanath, Kapil Dev and the Indian Spin Quartet emerged.

Traditionally much stronger domestically than abroad, the Indian team has been improving its form overseas since the beginning of the 21st century, particularly in cricket with limited overruns, and won test matches in Australia, England and South Africa. It has won the World Cricket Championship twice - in 1983 under the captain of Kapil Dev and in 2011 under the captain of Mahendra Singh Dhoni. After winning the 2011 World Cup, India was only the third team after the West Indies and Australia to win the World Cup more than once.[10] and the first cricket team to win the World Cup at home. It also won the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 and the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy under the captain of MS Dhoni. Together with Sri Lanka it was also the joint champion of the ICC Champions Trophy 2002.

The Indian cricket team has rivalries with other test player nations, particularly Pakistan, India's political arch-rival. Recently, however, rivalries with nations such as Australia, South Africa and England have also grown in importance.

As of May 1, 2020[update]India ranks third in ICC tests, second in ODIs and third in T20Is.[11]Virat Kohli is the current captain of the team in all formats while the head coach is Ravi Shastri.[12]

History

Early history (1700 - 1918) [edit]

The British brought cricket to India in the early 18th century. The first cricket match took place in 1721.[13] In 1848, the Parsi community in Bombay founded the Oriental Cricket Club, the first cricket club founded by Indians. After slow beginnings, the Europeans finally invited Parsis to a match in 1877.[14] Until 1912, the Parsis, Sikhs, Hindus and Muslims of Bombay played a square tournament with the Europeans every year.[14] In the early 1900s, some Indians played for the English cricket team. Some of these, such as Ranjitsinhji and KS Duleepsinhji, were highly valued by the British and their names were later used for the Ranji Trophy and Duleep Trophy - two major top-tier tournaments in India. In 1911 an Indian team made their first official tour of the British Isles, but only played against English county teams and not against the English cricket team.[15]

Test game status (1918–1970) [edit]

India was invited to the Imperial Cricket Council in 1926 and made its debut as a test player nation in England in 1932, led by CK Nayudu, who was considered the best Indian batsman at the time.[16] The one-time test match between the two teams was held at Lord’s in London. At this point the team was not in a good mood and lost 158 ​​runs.[17] India hosted its first series of tests in 1933. England were the visiting team, completing two tests in Bombay (now Mumbai) and Calcutta (now Kolkata). The visitors won the series 2-0. The Indian team continued to improve in the 1930s and 40s, but did not achieve an international victory during that time. In the early 1940s, India did not play test cricket due to World War II. The team's first run as an independent country took place in late 1947 against Sir Donald Bradman's Invincibles (a name given to the then Australian national cricket team). It was also the first Test series India played that wasn't against England. Australia won the five-game series 4-0, with Bradman tormenting Indian bowling in his final Australian summer.[18] India then played its first home Test series not against England but against the West Indies in 1948. West Indies won the 5-Test series 1–0.[19]

India recorded their first test victory in their 24th game against England in Madras in 1952.[20] Later that year they won their first test series, which was against Pakistan.[21] They continued their improvement in the early 1950s with a streak win over New Zealand in 1956. As the decade progressed, however, they stopped winning and lost heavily against strong Australian and English teams. On August 24, 1959, India lost by one innings in the Test to complete the only 5-0 whitewash ever inflicted by England. Over the next decade, India's reputation grew as a team with a strong track record at home. They won their first test series against England at home in 1961/62 and a home series against New Zealand. They managed to draw home series against Pakistan and Australia and another series against England. During the same period, India won its first series outside the subcontinent against New Zealand in 1967/68.

The key to India's bowling in the 1970s was the Indian spin quartet - Bishen Bedi, EAS Prasanna, BS Chandrasekhar and Srinivas Venkataraghavan. During this time, two of India's best batsmen also appeared, Sunil Gavaskar and Gundappa Viswanath. Indian pitches had a tendency to aid spin and the spin quartet took advantage of this to cause breakdowns in opposing punching lineups. These players were responsible for the successive series victories in 1971 in the West Indies and in England under the captain of Ajit Wadekar. Gavaskar scored 774 runs in the West Indian series while Dilip Sardesai's 112 played a large role in their only test win.

One-day cricket and ICC Cricket World Cup success (1970–1985) [edit]

A graph showing India's friendly match results against all friendly teams from 1932 to September 2006.

The advent of One Day International (ODI) cricket in 1971 created a new dimension in the world of cricket. At the time, however, India was not considered strong in ODIs, and batsmen like the captain Gavaskar were known for their defensive approach to batting. India started as a weak team in ODIs and failed to qualify for the second round in the first two editions of the World Cricket Championship.[22] Gavaskar blocked his way to 36 out of 174 balls against England in the first World Cup in 1975, India only scored 132 for 3 and lost by 202 runs.

In contrast, India had a strong team in friendly matches and was particularly strong at home, where the combination of stylish batsmen and beguiling weirdos was best. India set a test record in 1976 in the third test against the West Indies in Port-of-Spain when it chased 403 to victory thanks to 112 from Viswanath. That West Indian defeat is considered a turning point in the history of their cricket as Captain Clive Lloyd gave up spin altogether and instead relied solely on a four-man attack. In November 1976, the team set another record by declaring 524 for 9 against New Zealand at Kanpur without a single batsman scoring a century. It was the sixties, the highest being Mohinder Amarnath's 70. This inning was only the eighth time in Test cricket, where all eleven batsmen reached double digits.

In the 1980s, India developed a more offensive batting team with stroke makers like the wrist Mohammed Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar, and all-rounders Kapil Dev and Ravi Shastri. India won the 1983 World Cricket Championship, defeating favorites and two-time defending champions West Indies in the final at Lords due to a strong bowling performance. Even so, the team did poorly in the test arena, including 28 consecutive test matches without a win. In 1984 India won the Asian Cup and in 1985 the World Cricket Championship in Australia. Other than that, India remained a weak team outside of the Indian subcontinent. India's 1986 test series victory against England remained India’s last test series victory outside the subcontinent for the next 19 years. In the 1980s, Gavaskar and Kapil Dev (India's best all-rounder so far) were at the height of their careers. Gavaskar set a test record for 34 centuries when he became the first to hit 10,000 runs. Kapil Dev later became the highest wicket taker in test cricket with 434 wickets. The time was also marked by an unstable leadership, during which Gavaskar and Kapil exchanged the captain several times.

Late 20th century (1985–2000) [edit]

With 619 wickets, Anil Kumble is the third highest wicket taker in the world in tests and India's highest test and ODI wicket taker.[23]

The addition of Sachin Tendulkar and Anil Kumble to the national team in 1989 and 1990 further improved the team. The following year Javagal Srinath, India's fastest bowler since Amar Singh made his debut. Even so, India did not win any of its 33 tests outside the subcontinent in the 1990s, while it won 17 of its 30 tests at home. Eliminated by Sri Lankan neighbors in the 1996 World Cricket Championship semi-finals on home soil, the team saw a year of change when Sourav Ganguly and Rahul Dravid, who later became the team's captain, made their debut in the same Test at Lord's . Tendulkar replaced Azharuddin as captain in late 1996, but after a personal and team break-in, Tendulkar gave up the captain and Azharuddin was reinstated in early 1998. With the captain's burden removed, Tendulkar was the world's top scorer in both Tests and ODIs as India celebrated a home win in the Test series against Australia, the top-ranked team in the world.

After failing to make the semifinals at the 1999 World Cricket Championship, Tendulkar was appointed captain again and had another bad run. He lost 3-0 on an Australian tour and then 2-0 at home to South Africa. Tendulkar resigned and vowed never to lead the team again. Ganguly was named the new captain and the team suffered further damage in 2000 when former captain Azharuddin and fellow batsman Ajay Jadeja became embroiled in a match-fixing scandal and received life and five-year bans, respectively. This period has been described by the BBC as "the worst hour in Indian cricket". However, the new core - Tendulkar, Dravid, Kumble and Ganguly - vowed not to let this happen again and to lead Indian cricket out of the dark ages. And the first three put aside personal ambitions to let Ganguly lead them into a new era.[24]

21st century

The Indian team has been greatly improved under the captain of Sourav Ganguly and under the guidance of John Wright, India's first foreign coach. India was able to hold its unbeaten home record against Australia in test series after the victory in 2001. The series was famous for the Kolkata Friendly Match, which saw India become the third team in test cricket history to win a friendly match after winning. Australian captain Steve Waugh called India the “Final Frontier” as his team was unable to win a test series in India.[25] The 2001 win against the Australians was the start of a dream run for India under their captain Sourav Ganguly, who won test matches in Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, the West Indies and England. The England Series is also known for India's highest ODI chase of 325 races at Lord’s, which was played against England in the Natwest ODI Series final. In the same year India won the ICC Champions Trophy alongside Sri Lanka and then went to the 2003 World Cricket Championship in South Africa, where they reached the final, only to be beaten by Australia. In the 2003/04 season, India also played a test series in Australia, where it drew 1-1 with the world champions, and then won a test and ODI series in Pakistan.

The Indian cricket team in action at Wankhede Stadium.

As of the 2004 season, India suffered from the lack of form and fitness of its older players. A loss in a home test series to Australia was followed by a loss in the ODI home series to Pakistan, followed by a level 1 to 1 series of tests. Greg Chappell took over John Wright as coach of the Indian cricket team after the series, but his methods worked considered controversial and resulted in a dispute with Ganguly which resulted in Rahul Dravid being appointed captain. This sparked a resurgence in team fortune as players like MS Dhoni and Suresh Raina emerged and Irfan Pathan and Yuvraj Singh grew up. An impressive home series win against Sri Lanka in 2005 and a series of draws against South Africa put India in second place in the ICC ODI rankings. Dravid, Tendulkar and Virender Sehwag were selected to play in the 2005 SuperTest against Australia for ICC World XI. A convincing victory in the ODI series in Pakistan in early 2006 after a defeat in the test series put India in second place with a world record of 17 consecutive ODI victories.[26]

However, a 4-1 series loss in the West Indies in 2006 caused Indian ODI form to plunge, while they took a 1-0 win in the following Test series, their first Test series win in the Caribbean since 1971. India's ODI form continued to collapse with a disappointing performance at the 2006 Champions Trophy and a drubbing in the ODI series in South Africa. This was followed by a first good performance in the Tests, which gave India their first friendly win in South Africa, despite losing the series 2-1. This series of tests was marked by Ganguly's comeback on the Indian team.[27]

In December 2006, India played and won its first Twenty20 international in South Africa, making it the youngest test team to play Twenty20 cricket. In early 2007, the Indian team's ODI fortunes had revived ahead of the 2007 World Cricket Championship. Series victories against the West Indies and Sri Lanka, marked by the comeback of Ganguly and the strong form of Tendulkar, as well as the appearance of young players such as Robin Uthappa convinced many experts to call India a contender to win the 2007 World Cricket Championship. However, with defeats to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, India failed to reach the second round.

Success under Dhoni [edit]

After winning the Test Series against England in August 2007, Dravid resigned as captain and Dhoni was named captain of the Twenty20 and ODI teams. In September 2007 India won the first Twenty20 World Championship in South Africa, beating Pakistan by 5 runs in the final. In 2007-08 they toured Australia, where India lost the controversial home test series 2-1, but won the CB series with a whitewash of Australia the following month.

In April 2009 India secured its first New Zealand test series victory in 41 years. After beating Sri Lanka 2-0 in December 2009, India became the world's No. 1 test team. They kept the ranking by drawing series against South Africa and Sri Lanka. In October 2010, India whitewashed Australia 2-0 in the Home Test series, giving them two consecutive straight wins against them. Later that year India managed to draw the test series in South Africa 1: 1.[28]

formatmatchesWonLostDrawnBoundNo result foundOpening gameLast match
exam[29]5421571672171– –June 25, 1932March 2nd, 2020
ODI [30]990514426– –941July 13, 1974December 2, 2020
T20I[31]1378545– –34December 1, 2006December 8, 2020

On April 2, 2011, India won the 2011 World Cricket Championship by defeating Sri Lanka in the final. This made India the third team after the West Indies and Australia to win the World Cup twice.[32] India was also the first team to win the World Cup on home soil.

India was whitewashed 4-0 in an away test series in England in August 2011, which led England to replace India as the No. 1 test team.[33] This was followed by another 4-0 whitewash in January 2012 in Australia. In the disastrous whitewashing, Dravid and VVS Laxman were eliminated from the 2012 Test Cricket. Tendulkar retired in November 2013 after his 200th friendly. After Ganguly retired in 2008, that period marked the end of the fabled middle-tier batting team that India had had for over a decade. India continued to face a difficult transition in 2012 when they were beaten 2-1 by England in a home testing streak. This was the first time since 1984/85 that India had been beaten by England at home. This was followed by a 2–1 loss in the ODI series to Pakistan at home. India was then knocked out in the second round of the 2012 ICC World Twenty20. India also failed to qualify for the 2012 Asian Cup final, which ended a disappointing year for India. However, in 2013 there was a revival of Indian cricket.

Worldwide limited overs success [edit]

In early 2013 India returned a favor to Australia and whitewashed them 4-0 at home in a test series. India then beat the Aussies 3-2 in the seven-game ODI series and won the one-off T20I. However, India lost heavily on the road to New Zealand and South Africa, leading to heavy criticism of Indian cricketers who were unable to perform abroad. India beat England in the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy final and Dhoni became the first captain in history to win the three major ICC trophies, namely the ICC Cricket World Cup, ICC World Twenty20 and ICC Champions Trophy. This was followed in 2013 by a victory in the West Indies Triangular Series, consisting of India, West India and Sri Lanka. In 2014 India toured Bangladesh and England. Despite beating the previous 2-0 in three ODIs, India was beaten 3-1 by England in five friendlies. That series included a famous win for the Indian team in the first game of the series at Lord’s. The series of tests was followed by a 3-1 win for the Indians in an ODI series with five games and a loss in a one-time T20 against England.

India again failed to reach the Asian Cup final in 2014. At the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 held in Bangladesh, India narrowly missed another ICC trophy by losing to Sri Lanka in the final. At this tournament, Virat Kohli rose to be one of the best batsmen in world cricket, as he was named man of the series. India soon beat Sri Lanka and the West Indies extensively in ODI series to consolidate its position at the top of the ODI rankings. India toured Australia in late 2014 for a 4-match test series at which MS Dhoni suddenly withdrew from test cricket after the end of the second test. Virat Kohli was named team India captain in friendly matches but failed to turn the streak and India lost 2-0. Kohli's first series win as captain came in a test series of three games against Sri Lanka, which marked the beginning of an undefeated test series for India.

India began to dominate at home in friendly matches under new captain Virat Kohli after a massive defeat of South Africa in 2015. This streak was the start of an undefeated streak of 19 friendly matches. In this series, Ravichandran Ashwin and Ravindra Jadeja also appeared as two of the best weirdos and all-rounders. Limited overs wins against Australia and Sri Lanka away from home followed. India was eliminated from the 2015 World Cup in the semifinals against eventual winners Australia. India started 2016 by winning the 2016 Asian Cup and remained undefeated throughout the tournament. India were the favorites to win the 2016 ICC World Twenty20, which was played at home but lost in the semifinals to eventual champions West Indies.

In 2016 India began “The Grand Home Season”, including home series against New Zealand, England, Bangladesh and Australia. India whitewashed New Zealand to become number one in test cricket again after almost 10 years. Prior to the series against England, MS Dhoni resigned as captain in limited overs and handed the captain over to Virat Kohli in all formats. India beat England in all three formats, with a notable 4-0 victory in the Test series. Test series victories against Bangladesh and Australia followed, which meant India recaptured the Border Gavaskar Trophy. India was the third team (after South Africa and Australia) to win their last test series against all other friendly match nations. India has had an unbeaten streak of 8 wins in a row in tests since August 19, 2017[update].

India beat Pakistan in their first game in the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy, but lost to the same opponents in the final, the first time since 2007 that they had met at this stage of a tournament.[34][35]

India defeated the West Indies 3-1 in a five-game ODI series in the Caribbean in July 2017,[36] but lost to the same opposition in a one-time T20I.[37] India then toured Sri Lanka and won a three-game test series 3-0: the first time India had whitewashed a team in a test series of three or more games from home.[38]

Day 1, India's first day / night test match, took place in Eden Gardens

The next year there were mixed results on Tests for India: they lost away series in both South Africa and England, but won their away series against Australia; For the first time they had won a series there. In home tests, they defeated West Indies. They won the ODI stage of the South Africa tour, followed by the tri series with Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. They lost 2-1 in the ODI series in England, followed by a win at home against West Indies and away to both Australia and New Zealand. At the beginning of 2019, Australia won a T20I series 2-0, which meant Virat Kohli's first home defeat in a T20I series. Australia also won the ODI series 3-2. The Indian team next played the 2019 World Cricket Championship, where the team ended first in the group stage with 7 wins and only 1 loss against hosts England. They made the semifinals but lost 18 runs to New Zealand. Rohit Sharma was the team's top scorer with 648 runs. India toured alongside West Indies, whitewash in T20I, One Day Internationals and Test with a record of 3-0.2-0 in ODIS and Tests. Then India played its games at home: the first against South Africa in September - October 2019. The T20I Series has been drawn and meanwhile India has won the test series. Their next home series was against Bangladesh. India played three T20IS and beat Bangladesh 2-1. In the third T20I, Deepak Chahar got the best bowling figures in T20 international matches and the best bowling numbers from an Indian. India next played two Tests The second Test was great and hosted India's first day and night test with Pink Ball at Eden Gardens in Calcutta. India won the match with 46 runs and the series. That win also made India the first team to score four straight wins by innings. They played their last series of 2019 against West Indies and won the T20I and ODI and the series 2-1 and 3-1.

India played their first T201 series of 2020 against Sri Lanka and easily won 2-0, next they played three ODIS against Australia and won 2-0. After Australia, India played their first away series against New Zealand and won a T20I series in New Zealand for the first time 5-0, but they lost the 3 ODIS. They also played the Tests but lost the series.

Steering Committee [edit]

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the governing body for the Indian cricket team and world class cricket in India. The board has served since 1929 and represents India on the International Cricket Council. It is one of the richest sports organizations in the world. It sold media rights to India's games from 2006 to 2010 for $ 612,000,000.[39] It manages the sponsorships of the Indian team, its future tours and the team selection.

The International Cricket Council determines India's upcoming games through its future tour program. However, with its influential financial position in the cricket world, the BCCI has often questioned the ICC program, calling for more series between India, Australia and England, which are more likely to generate more revenue than tours with Bangladesh or Zimbabwe.[40] In the past, the BCCI has also come into conflict with the ICC in relation to sponsorships[41] and the legitimacy of the ICC Champions Trophy.

Selection Committee [edit]

The selection for the Indian cricket team is made by the BCCI's zonal selection guidelines, in which each of the five zones is represented by a selector and one of the members nominated by the BCCI to chair the selection committee. This has sometimes led to controversy over whether these selectors target their zones.[42]

The current chairman of the selection committee is Sunil Joshi. Devang Gandhi, Sarandeep Singh, Jatin Paranjpe and Harvinder Singh are the other members of the selection committee from March 4, 2020.[43]

Team colors [edit]

competition Kit manufacturer Sleeve sponsor
1975 Prudential Cup None None
1979 Prudential Cup
1983 Prudential Cup
1987 Reliance Cup power
B&H World Championship 1992 ISC
1996 Wills World Cup None Wills
1998 Wills International Cup
1999 ICC Cricket World Cup ASICS
2000 ICC KnockOut Trophy None
2002 ICC Champions Trophy None
2003 ICC Cricket World Cup Aamby Valley
2004 ICC Champions Trophy Sahara Desert
2006 ICC Champions Trophy Nike
2007 ICC Cricket World Cup
2007 ICC World T20
2009 ICC World T20
ICC Champions Trophy 2009
2010 ICC World T20
2011 ICC Cricket World Cup
2012 ICC World T20
ICC Champions Trophy 2013
2014 ICC World T20 Star India
ICC Cricket World Cup 2015
2016 ICC World T20
2017 ICC Champions Trophy Oppo
2019 ICC Cricket World Cup
2021 ICC T20 World Championship MPL Sport BYJU’S
2022 ICC T20 World Championship
2023 ICC Cricket World Cup

First class [edit]

Cricket whites are traditionally used by the team when playing top notch cricket. In addition to their whites, Indian field players wear a dark blue cap or a white wide-brimmed sun hat with the BCCI logo in the middle. Helmets are also dark blue. Some players wear the Indian flag on their helmets.

Branding is minimal for whites; The BCCI logo is on the left chest while the team sponsor's logo is on the right chest. The kit manufacturer's logo would be printed on the sleeve of the players' guide arms.

Limited overs [edit]

Since colors found their way into international cricket, the Indian cricket team has chosen blue as the basic color. The blue color of the uniform has earned them the nickname “Men in Blue” for the Indian cricket team. The secondary color has changed over the years while yellow and orange dominated. With the start of the World Series Cup in 1979, each team had to apply a primary and secondary color to their uniforms, and the Indian team chose to wear light blue as the primary color and yellow as the secondary color. The team has since worn different shades of blue. For the 1992 World Cup (Benson & Hedges World Cup), the colors of the team from ISC, the equipment manufacturer used for the tournament, were changed to navy blue. For the 1996 World Cup (Wills World Cup), a lighter shade of blue with yellow as the secondary color and a stripe of 10 different colors (representing different nations) were adapted to the uniform, while an even lighter shade of blue and dominant yellow were used by ASICS, the common kit manufacturer for the 1999 World Cup. The ICC no longer appoints a joint kit manufacturer for its tournaments.

Various designs have been applied to the jerseys over the years, and the most prevalent was the yellow text "India" written over a diagonal splash of the tricolor in yellow. Nike acquired kit manufacturing rights for the team in 2005 and designed new jerseys for the 2007 World Cup using the lightest shade of blue the team has used to date and golden yellow as the secondary color. A new three-tone accent has been added to the right side of the shirt. The color was changed to a darker Feroza blue in 2009, with orange replacing yellow as the secondary color.[44]

A New Jersey was revealed by Nike with a bolder shade of ultramarine blue[45] and a new three-tone accent on both sides of the shirt in 2010.[46] In this uniform, a reddish-orange shade was used as the secondary color. In 2014, new kits were released with a slightly darker shade of blue and a minimal accent design over the shoulders.[47] Nike again released new kits in 2015 with a similar shade of blue and no accents.[48] In March 2019[49] Before the World Cup, Nike introduced a new design with a distinctive two-tone blue color.[50] The front of the shirt was a shade of blue similar to the previous versions, while the sides, arms and back were given a lighter shade of blue. A minimal orange accent has also been incorporated on the sides. During the 2019 ICC World Cup, an alternative shirt with orange for the back and shoulders and navy blue on the front was introduced for a game against England, as required by the ICC.[51] This marked the first time a color other than blue had become a dominant color on the India shirt.[52] The game against England was also a special game called # OneDay4Children, organized by the ICC in 2019 between the two best ODI teams.[53] It is also the only occasion that the alternative jersey has been used by India to date.

Since international teams started using different kits for T20s and ODIs, Nike released the first T20 kit for the team in 2016[54] with a similar shade and a contemporary design. There were several thin stripes in orange and green on the upper right and lower left sides of the shirt. A new ODI jersey was launched by Nike in 2017[55] with a similar shade of blue for the body and a darker shade of blue for the sleeves. The three-tone accent returned to the uniform as a single thin stripe on either side of the upper chest.

In addition to the blue uniforms, the hats worn by the players resemble the design of uniforms. The wide brimmed sun hats are usually white, while the helmets used by the players are darker blue.

Similar to the premium kits, the BCCI logo is on the left side of the chest, while the kit manufacturer's logo is on the right side of the chest. The official team sponsor's logo is located in the middle part of the shirt, usually above the text ‘INDIA’, as well as on the sleeves of the leading arms of the players. T20 kits also have the sponsor's logo on the back under the player numbers. In ICC tournaments, however, the tournament logo is on the right chest and the sponsor's logo is only permitted on the sleeves of the players' guide arms. In such cases, the kit manufacturer's logo will be printed on the sleeve of the players' non-leading arms. The player's name and jersey number are printed on the back.

The team's current sponsor is BYJU.[56]OPPO sponsorship was scheduled to run from 2017 to 2022, but was handed over to BYJU on September 5, 2019.[57] Previously, the Indian team was sponsored by Star India from 2014 to 2017.[58]Sahara India Pariwar from 2002 to 2013 and ITC Limited (with the brands Wills and ITC Hotels) from 1993 to 2002.

Nike was a longtime supplier to Team India after winning the contract in 2005.[59] with two extensions for five years each; in 2011[60] and 2016[61] respectively. Nike terminated its contract in September 2020[62] and MPL Sports Apparel & Accessories, a subsidiary of the online gaming platform Mobile Premier League, replaced Nike as kit manufacturer in October 2020.[63][64][65]

On August 30, 2019, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) announced that Sporta Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Ltd. (Dream11), LafargeHolcim (ACC Cement and Ambuja Cement) and Hyundai Motor India Ltd. acquired the official partner rights for the international and national games of the BCCI in the period 2019-23.[66]

Paytm acquired title sponsorship for all games the team played in India in 2015[67] and extended the same in 2019[68] until 2023. Star India and Airtel were previously title sponsors.

Star Sports Network is the official broadcaster until 2023[69] The team plays in India for all games.

International reasons [edit]

Locations of all stadiums where at least four test matches or 10 ODIs have taken place in India.

There are numerous world-famous cricket stadiums in India. Most grounds are administered by various state cricket bodies and are not controlled by the BCCI. The Bombay Gymkhana was the first place in India where a full cricket match was played with an Indian cricket team. This was between the Parsis and the Europeans in 1877. The first stadium to host a test match in India was also the Gymkhana Ground in Bombay in 1933, the only test it ever held. The second and third tests in the 1933 series were conducted at Eden Gardens and Chepauk. Delhi's Feroz Shah Kotla Ground was the first stadium to host a friendly match after independence, a 1948 tie against the West Indies, the first in a 5-Test series. At least one official test match was played in 21 stadiums in India. In recent years, the number of world-class cricket stadiums in India has increased, with several testing sites in Nagpur, Mohali, Chennai, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Indore, Rajkot, Ranchi, Pune and Dharamshala.

India now has the largest cricket stadium in the world. Motera Stadium is a cricket stadium in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Eden Gardens in Kolkata has hosted the most tests and has the second largest seating capacity of any cricket stadium in the world, which can accommodate more than 66,000 spectators. Established in 1864, it is one of the most historic stadiums in India, hosting numerous historical and controversial games.[70] Other important stadiums in India include the Feroz Shah Kotla Ground, established in 1883, which has hosted memorable games, including Anil Kumble's ten wickets in one innings against Pakistan. The site has been renovated over the past two years.[71]

The Bombay Gymkhana hosted the first test match in India, the only test it has held so far. Founded in 1974, Wankhede Stadium can seat 33,000 spectators and is currently the city's most popular venue. It has hosted 24 test matches. It was the unofficial successor to the Brabourne Stadium, which is also located in Mumbai. Mumbai is often considered the cricket capital of India because of its fans and talent (see Mumbai cricket team). Therefore, large test matches are regularly held in the stadium.[72] The MA Chidambaram Stadium in Chepauk is also considered an important historical Indian cricket ground established in the early 20th century and was the site of the first test victory in India.[73]

List of venues [edit]

StadioncitycapacityUsed firstTestingODIsT20IsRef
Active stages
Eden GardensKolkata67.000193441306[74]
Arun Jaitley StadiumDelhi48.000194834245[75]
MA Chidambaram StadiumChepauk, Chennai33.000193432211[76]
Wankhede StadiumMumbai33.000197525216[77]
M. Chinnaswamy StadiumBangalore40.000197423255[78]
Green parkKanpur45.000195222151[79]
Brabourne StadiumMumbai20.00019481881[80]
Punjab Cricket Association is Bindra StadiumMohali28.000199413244[81]
Sardar Patel StadiumMotera, Ahmedabad110.000198312231[82]
Vidarbha Cricket Association StadiumNagpur40.00020086811[83]
Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket StadiumHyderabad55.0002010563[84]
Barabati StadiumCutack40.00019872182[85]
Saurashtra Cricket Association StadiumRajkot28.0002016222[86]
Holkar StadiumIndore30.0002016151[87]
Dr. YS Rajasekhara Reddy ACA-VDCA Cricket StadiumVisakhapatnam36.0002016171[88]
Maharashtra Cricket Association StadiumPune33.0002017132[89]
JSCA International StadiumRanchi39,1332017142[90]
Himachal Pradesh Cricket Association StadiumDharamshala28.0002017148[91]
Sawai Mansingh StadiumJaipur23.1851987119– –[92]
Greater Noida Sports Complex SiteGreater Noida8.0002017053[93]
Dr. Bhupen Hazarika Cricket StadiumGuwahati40.0002017011[94]
Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket StadiumDehradun25.0002018003[95]
Greenfield International StadiumThiruvananthapuram55.0002017011[96]
Bharat Ratna Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee Ekana Cricket StadiumLucknow50.0002018001
Former stadiums
Nehru StadiumChennai19569– –– –[97]
Vidarbha Cricket Association GroundNagpur35.0001969914– –[98]
Lal Bahadur Shastri StadiumHyderabad30.0001955314– –[99]
Bombay GymkhanaMumbain / A19331– –– –[100]
Gandhi StadiumJalandharn / A198313– –[101]
KD Singh Babu StadiumLucknow22.000199411– –[102]
Sector 16 stadiumChandigarh16.000199015– –[103]
University campusLucknown / A19521– –– –[104]
Barkatullah Khan StadiumJodhpur40.000200002– –
Captain Roop Singh StadiumGwalior45.0001988012– –[105]
Gandhi Sports Complex SquareAmritsar16.000198202– –
Indira Gandhi StadiumVijayawada25.000200201– –
Indira Priyadarshini StadiumVisakhapatnam25.000198805– –
Jawaharlal Nehru StadiumNew Delhi60.000198402– –
Keenan StadiumJamshedpur19.0001983010– –
Madhavrao Scindia Cricket GroundRajkot15.0001989012– –
Moin ul Haq StadiumPatna25.000199303– –
Moti Bagh StadiumVadodara18.000198303– –
Nahar Singh StadiumFaridabad25.000198808– –
Nehru StadiumGuwahati15.0001983014– –[106]
Nehru StadiumIndore25.000198309– –
Nehru StadiumKochi60.000199809– –
Nehru StadiumMargao25.000198907– –
Nehru StadiumPune25.0001984011– –[107]
IPCL sports complex fieldVadodara20.0001994010– –
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Stadium, AhmedabadAhmedabad50.000198101– –[108]
Sher-i-Kashmir StadiumSrinagarn / A198302– –
University stadiumThiruvananthapuram20.000198402– –

Updated June 25, 2018[109]

Captains [edit]

Virat Kohli holds the record for the most test victories (33) by an Indian captain.[110]

Thirty-three men have led the Indian cricket team in at least one test match, although only six have led the team in more than 25 games and six have led the team in ODIs but not tests. India's first captain was CK Nayudu, who led the team in four games against England: one in England in 1932 and a series of three home games from 1933 to 1934. Lala Amarnath, India's fourth captain, led the team in its first friendly after the independence of India. He was also captain of the team for their first test win and first straight win, both in a three-game series at home against Pakistan in 1952-1953. From 1952-1961-62 India had a number of captains like Vijay Hazare, Polly Umrigar and Nari Contractor.

The Nawab of Pataudi, Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, was the team's captain for 36 test matches from 1961-62 to 1969-70 and returned 1974-75 for another four games against the West Indies. In the early years of his tenure as captain, the team was whitewashed in the West Indies, England and Australia. From 1967 to 1968, Pataudi led India on his first New Zealand tour, which ended in India and won Test Series 3 to 1. In the years 1970-71 Ajit Wadekar took over the captain of Pataudi. Under Wadekar's captain, India recorded its first test series victory in the West Indies and England. India played its first ODI in 1974, also under its captain. India won its first ODI under Srinivasaraghavan captain Venkataraghavan at the 1975 World Cricket Championship against East Africa. Between 1975 and 1976 and between 1978 and 1979, Bishen Singh Bedi led the team in 22 tests and 4 ODIs, winning 6 tests and one ODI.

Sunil Gavaskar took on the role of Test and ODI captain in 1978-79, leading India in 47 test matches and 37 ODIs. He won 9 tests and 14 ODIs. He was replaced by Kapil Dev in the 1980s, who directed 34 test matches, including 4 wins. Kapil Dev led India to victory in 39 of its 74 responsible ODIs, including the 1983 World Cricket Championship. Kapil Dev also captained India's 2-0 Test Series win in England in 1986. Between 1987-88 and 1989-90, India had three captains in Dilip Vengsarkar, Ravi Shastri and Krishnamachari Srikkanth. Vengsarkar took over the captain of Kapil Dev after the 1987 World Cricket Championship. Although he began his first series as a captain at two centuries, his captaincy was turbulent[citation needed] and he lost the job after a disastrous tour of the West Indies in early 1989 and an argument with the Indian Cricket Board (BCCI).

India has had six regular test captains since Mohammad Azharuddin took command in 1989. Azharuddin led the team in 47 friendly matches from 1989-90 to 1998-99 and won 14 and in 174 ODIs 90. He was followed by Sachin Tendulkar, who led the team in 25 friendly matches and 73 ODIs in the late 1990s; Tendulkar was relatively unsuccessful[111][112] As captain, he only won 4 test matches and 23 ODIs. He was replaced as ODI captain by Ajay Jadeja and then by Sourav Ganguly.

Ganguly became the team's regular captain on both Tests and ODIs in 2000. He remained captain until 2005/06 and became the most successful Indian captain at the time. He won 21 of his 49 responsible test matches and 76 of his 146 ODIs. Under his captain India became the joint winner of the ICC Champions Trophy 2002 with Sri Lanka and the runner-up of the Cricket World Cup 2003. India lost only three tests at home under Ganguly and was able to draw test series in England and Australia. Rahul Dravid took over the office of test captain in 2005. In 2006, he led India to its first test series win in the West Indies in more than 30 years.

In September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni was named the new captain of the ODI and T20I teams after Dravid resigned from his post. Shortly after taking office, Dhoni led the team to their first World Twenty20 title. Anil Kumble was named Test Captain in November 2007 but retired from international cricket in November 2008 after captaining 14 Tests. Dhoni succeeded him as test captain and made him captain in all formats. Under the captain of Dhoni, the Indian team held number one in the test rankings for 21 months (from November 2009 to August 2011) and set a national record for the most consecutive ODI wins (nine wins in a row).[113] Dhoni also led the team to victory at the 2011 Cricket World Cup and the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy, making Dhoni the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies, namely the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup Twenty20 2007 and the ICC Champions Trophy 2013. However, the team did poorly in away tests from 2011 to 2011. In 2014 Dhoni withdrew from Test Cricket in December 2014, and Virat Kohli was appointed as the new test captain. Dhoni resigned as captain of the ODI and T20 teams in January 2017 and Kohli succeeded him in that position.

Under Kohli's captain, India was unbeaten in 19 friendly matches, from a 3-0 win over New Zealand to a 2-1 win over Australia. India has an unbeaten streak of 9 consecutive Test series as of December 2017, starting with a 2-1 win over Sri Lanka. India was only the third team after Australia and South Africa to win their last test series against all other friendly match nations at the same time. By percentage of wins in test games, Kohli is India's most successful test captain after winning more than 61% of test games (at least 2 games).

This lists all the players who have played for India in the past 12 months, as well as the formats in which they have played. Correct from December 2nd, 2020[update]. In January 2020, the BCCI published a new contract list that will be valid from October 2019 to September 2020.[114][115]

key
symbolimportance
C / G.Contract quality with BCCI
S / N.Shirt number of the player in all formats
formatRefers to the player who recently played in which format, not his entire career
SurnameAgeStroke styleBowling styleDomestic teamZone IPL teamC / G. formatS / N.
Test, ODI & T20I captain and batsmen of the highest order
Virat Kohli32Right handedRight arm mediumDelhinorth Royal Challengers BangaloreA +Test, ODI, T20I18
Test vice-captain and middle-class batsmen
Ajinkya Rahane32Right handedRight arm mediumMumbaiwest Delhi capitalsAexam27
ODI & T20I vice captain and opening batsmen
Rohit Sharma 33 Right handed Cancel the break with the right arm Mumbai west Mumbai Indians A + ODI, T20I 45
Open batsmen
Mayank Agarwal29Right handedCancel the break with the right armKarnatakasouth Kings XI PunjabB.Test, ODI16
Prithvi Shaw21Right handedCancel the break with the right armMumbaiwest Delhi capitalsN / ATest, ODI12
Shubman Gill21Right handedCancel the break with the right armPunjabnorth Kolkata Knight Riders N / ATest, ODI77
Shikhar Dhawan35Left handedCancel the break with the right armDelhinorth Delhi capitals AODI, T20I42
Medium order batsmen
Shreyas Iyer26Right handedBroken leg on the right armMumbaiwest Delhi capitals C.ODI, T20I41
Manish Pandey31Right handedRight arm mediumKarnatakasouth Sunrisers HyderabadC.ODI, T20I21
Cheteshwar Pujara32Right handedBroken leg on the right armSaurashtrawest – –Aexam25
Hanuma Vihari27Right handedCancel the break with the right armAndhrasouth – –C.exam44
All-rounder
Ravichandran Ashwin34Right handedCancel the break with the right armTamil Nadusouth Delhi capitals Aexam99
Ravindra Jadeja32Left handedSlow orthodox left armSaurashtrawest Chennai Super KingsATest, ODI, T20I8
Washington Sundar 21 Left handed Cancel the break with the right arm Tamil Nadu south Royal Challengers Bangalore B. T20I 55
Kedar Jadhav35Right handedCancel the break with the right armMaharashtrawest Chennai Super Kings C.ODI79
Hardik Pandya27Right handedRight arm fast-mediumBarodawest Mumbai Indians B.ODI, T20I33
Shivam Dube27Left handedRight arm mediumMumbaiwest Royal Challengers BangaloreN / AODI, T20I70
Wicket keeper
KL Rahul 28 Right handed Right arm medium Karnataka south Kings XI Punjab A ODI, T20I 1
Rishabh Pant23Left handedN / A Delhinorth Delhi capitals ATest, ODI, T20I17
Sanju Samson26Right handedRight-armed outbreakKeralasouth Rajasthan RoyalsN / AT20I14
Wriddhiman Saha36Right handedN / ABengaleast Sunrisers Hyderabad B.exam6
Tempo bowler
Jasprite Bumrah27Right handedRight arm quicklyGujaratwest Mumbai Indians A +Test, ODI, T20I93
Navdeep Saini28Right handedRight arm quicklyDelhinorth Royal Challengers BangaloreC.Test, ODI, T20I96
Mohammed Shami30Right handedRight arm quicklyBengaleast Kings XI Punjab ATest, ODI, T20I11
Mohammed Siraj26Right handedRight arm quicklyHyderabadsouthRoyal Challengers BangaloreC. Test, ODI73
Deepak Chahar28Right handedRight arm with medium speedRajasthanCentral Chennai Super Kings C.ODI, T20I90
T. Natarajan29Left handedLeft arm with medium speedTamil NadusouthSunrisers HyderabadODI, T20I4
Bhuvneshwar Kumar30Right handedRight arm with medium speedUttar PradeshCentral Sunrisers Hyderabad AT20I15
Shardul Thakur29Right handedRight arm fast-mediumMumbaiwest Chennai Super Kings C.T20I, ODI54
Ishant Sharma32Right handedRight arm fast-mediumDelhinorth Delhi capitals Aexam97
Umesh Yadav33Right handedRight arm quicklyVidarbhaCentral Royal Challengers BangaloreC.exam19
Spin bowler
Yuzvendra Chahal30Right handedBroken leg on the right armHaryananorth Royal Challengers BangaloreB.ODI, T20I3
Kuldeep Yadav25Left handedUnorthodox spin on the left armUttar PradeshCentral Kolkata Knight Riders ATest, ODI23

The BCCI assigns central orders to its players, the payment of which is graded according to the importance of the player. The salaries of the players are as follows:

  • Note A + - £ 7 crore ($ 981,400.00),
  • Class A - £ 5 crore ($ 701,000)
  • Note B - £ 3 crore (US $ 421,000),
  • Class C - £ 1 crore ($ 140,000)
Gaming fees

Players will also receive a game fee of £ 15 lakh (US $ 21,000) per test game, £ 6 lakh (US $ 8,400) per ODI and £ 3 lakh (US $ 4,200) per T20I.

Coaching and support staff [edit]

Tournament history [edit]

ICC Cricket World Cup [edit]

ICC T20 World Championship [edit]

ICC Champions Trophy [edit]

Asian Cup [edit]

Other tournaments [edit]

Cricket was only played at the 1998 Commonwealth Games.
The Indian team that won the 1985 World Cricket Championship was named “Team of the Century” by Wisden.

Honors [edit]

Individual records [edit]

Sachin Tendulkar will celebrate 38 years of testing in a game against Australia in 2008. Tendulkar holds several world records, including the world's leading runscorer and century maker in tests and ODIs[116]

Sachin Tendulkar, who played for India in 1989 at the age of 16 and has since been the most successful runs scorer in the history of test and ODI cricket, holds a large number of national batting records. He makes most appearances in both Tests and ODIs, most runs in Tests and ODIs, and most centuries in Tests and ODIs. The highest score for an Indian is 319 from Virender Sehwag in Chennai. It is the second triple century in an Indian's test of cricket, the first being a 309 also made by Sehwag, albeit against Pakistan. The team's highest score ever was 759/7 against England at the MA Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai in 2016, while the lowest score was 42 against England in 1974. In ODIs, the team's highest score is 418/5 against West Indies in Indore in 2011-12. India scored 413-5 in a game against Bermuda at the 2007 World Cup. This is the highest score in the history of the World Cricket Championship. In the same game, India set a world record with the highest profit margin in an ODI game of 257 runs.

India also had some very strong bowling figures with Spin Bowler Anil Kumble being a member of the elite group of 3 bowlers who took 600 test wickets. In 1999, Anil Kumble emulated Jim Laker as the second bowler, taking all ten wickets in a friendly innings, when he took 10 wickets for 74 runs against Pakistan at Feroz Shah Kotla in Delhi.

Many of the Indian cricket team's records are also world records, for example Sachin Tendulkar's record of the century (in tests and ODIs) and running record (also in tests and ODIs). Mahendra Singh Dhonis 183, who was not eliminated by Sri Lanka in 2005, is the world record for a wicketkeeper in ODIs. The Indian cricket team also holds the record sequence of 17 successful car chases in ODIs.[117] That ended in a dramatic game against the West Indies in May 2006, which India lost in one run when Yuvraj Singh was overwhelmed by Dwayne Bravo's full throw.

Sachin Tendulkar became the first batsman to score 200 runs (he was unbeaten with 200 of 147 deliveries, including 25 × 4 and 3 × 6) in a single ODI inning against South Africa in Gwalior on February 24, 2010. On December 8, 2011, that success was dwarfed by compatriot Virender Sehwag, who scored 219 runs out of 149 deliveries (25 × 4 | 7 × 6) against the West Indies in Indore. On November 13, 2014, the record was broken by another Indian batsman, Rohit Sharma, who scored 264 runs from 173 deliveries (33 × 4 | 9 × 6) against Sri Lanka in Kolkata. In 2013 MS Dhoni became the first captain in history to win all three major ICC trophies - ICC Cricket World Cup 2011, ICC World Twenty20 2007 and ICC Champions Trophy 2013.

In 2014, Virat Kohli became the first cricketer to win consecutive series awards at ICC World Twenty20 2012 and ICC World Twenty20 2014. In 2017, Ravichandran Ashwin became the fastest cricketer in history to hit 250 wickets. He and Ravindra Jadeja are considered the best bowlers in test cricket and from May 2017 will occupy the first two places in the ranking of test bowlers[update]. Virat Kohli became the first captain in history to double tons in three consecutive series against New Zealand, England and Bangladesh in 2017.

Statistics [edit]

Tests [edit]

Test report against other nations

Most test runs for India[120]

playerRunningAverage
Sachin Tendulkar15.92153,78
Rahul Dravid13,28852,63
Sunil Gavaskar10,12251.12
VVS Laxman8,78145,97
Virender Sehwag8,58649,34
Virat Kohli7,24054,97
Sourav Ganguly7,21242.17
Dilip Vengsarkar6,86842.13
Mohammad Azharuddin6,21545.03
Gundappa Vishwanath6.08041,93

Most test wickets for India[121]

One-day international matches [edit]

ODI record against other nations

Most of the ODI run for India[124]

playerRunningAverage
Sachin Tendulkar18.42644,83
Virat Kohli12.04060.00
Sourav Ganguly11,22140,95
Rahul Dravid10.88939.15
MS Dhoni10.59946.23
Mohammad Azharuddin9,37836,92
Rohit Sharma9,11549,27
Yuvraj Singh8,60936,47
Virender Sehwag7.99535,37
Shikhar Dhawan5,68845.14

Most of the ODI gates for India[125]

20 international matches [edit]

T20I record against other nations

Most of the T20Is drive for India[128]

Most of the T20I wickets for India[129]

Player in bold Text are still active with India.

Fan follows [edit]