What is a residential inspection
Krasnodon Energo put out the light of the debt. Separate light for non-payment procedures
All homeowners understand what utilities it is necessary to pay according to tariffs and granted accounts. However, there are often instances when consumers are delayed.
What if we turn off the electricity for the non-payment?
The law provides such a level of impact on citizens choosing the obligation to pay accounts and combined with essential responsibility.
During the implementation of this procedure, the citizen is assigned the status of defaulter, sometimes even malicious.
Citizens are obliged to pay for services regardless of whether they own or rent housing.
There are four legitimate reasons for ending the power supply approved by Government Order No. 442:
- With the consent of the parties.
- When the owner doesn't pay utility bills or steal electricity.
- When repair work is carried out in the house.
- With the presence of the risk of danger to life and health from electrical business.
What the legislation says about segregation for non-payment:
It follows from this that the separation of the debtors in the event of non-payment for the service is initiated for 2 months. Another 1 month is allocated to retrieve debt.
Since October 2017, new rules for the separation of electricity for non-payment have been introduced. According to these rules, you can also turn off debt household institutions .: kindergartens, schools, etc. and turn off the power supply can during debt debt.
In the event of a violation of the restriction mode, additional sanctions are provided:
- for officials - from 10 to 100 thousand rubles;
- for Yurlitz - from 100 to 200 thousand rubles.
The status of a non-payer is not obtained immediately after the occurrence of debts, but after the above-mentioned deadlines.
Issues related to utility bills are resolved including the Criminal Code. Employees of this organization calculate the periods after which the obligation to pay the utilities results.
How appointments are calculated:
Since the beginning of these conditions, a citizen has been obliged to pay for housing and community services, otherwise the criminal lawmaker or the chairman of the HOA will be forced to initiate the procedure to turn off the light for non-payment.
If the owner does not pay two months of electricity contracts, the management company begins to warn the debtor of the impending separation.
At the same time, there is no need to send a letter by post and seek a personal signature. It is quite acceptable to send non-payment notification by email or message to personal office In GIS enclosures and enclosures
After sending the notification, the non-payment is available in the reserve of 20 days for debt.
If, according to this term, the debt does not remain unpaid, then after 10 days the supply brigades will come and give fillings to eliminate the unauthorized connection.
Notice! The costs of the shutdown and the further connection of the electricity are completely on the defaul space.
Can it turn off the power for paying without payment without a court order?
The decision to shut down electricity (both partially and fully) is not required. The key requirement is timely consumer notification and compliance with the rules of procedure.
The notification gives the supplier the right to turn off the electricity completely if he sent it to the debtor, and he completely ignored it and did not pay the accumulated amount within 10 days.
Is it legitimate to turn off the electricity on the national broadership by the chairman of the SNT?
According to the law, the authority of the SNT chairman does not include questions to connect or stop electricity.
In addition, the non-profit non-profit partnership is not an organization that offers community services, so that representatives of SNT are not entitled to prevent the power in the consumer's home and require payment terms for it.
First of all, you need to know the reason why you are disconnecting from the total grid of the power grid and determining the legitimacy or illegality of the supplier's actions.
If you have not received any warnings, then the light is turned off without warning, the actions of utilities can be considered illegal.
In this situation, you can safely contact the relevant authorities (for example, in court) with a complaint about the electricity supplier.
How much is the connection of light after disconnecting the non-payment?
If the fixture is legitimate, you must pay all debts, take receipt of it, and contact the management company.
There you have to pay for the connection (from 900 to 1700 p). Only after that does the electrics connect the electricity during the day (these lines are approved by the law of the Russian Federation).
And what can be done before the arrival of electrics in the absence of light in the house?
There are legal and illegal methods of generating electricity.
Notice! Fines are defined and quite serious for using illegal ways to connect to power grids.
Better ask the neighbors that the extension will allow you to connect a connection to their outlet. This is how you can connect light bulbs and weak household appliances.
In a private house or in the country, the generator will solve the problem. It costs, it is inexpensive, but the benefit of it is very great. The generator can come in handy in the future in the future in the fan electricity switches - during repair work.
Is it legitimate to turn off the lights when the family has a young baby?
Little baby B. this case No limitation. However, if the employees of the Criminal Code violated the legal order disabling the power supply as they cause moral harm to the child, the administrative responsibility is entrusted to the organization.
In this case, it is necessary to look for alternative outlets from the current situation, otherwise the consumer will apply penalties, the size of which depends on the amount of debt and the length of the delay:
- From the 31st day of debt education through the 90th day, the daily penalty is 1/300 of the central bank refinancing rate.
- From the 91st day - 1/130 central bank refinements per day.
Tip! So that the debts have not grown, contact the management company with an explanation of installments.
Specify in the application:
This declaration can be personally transcribed in the Criminal Code or send the letter.
The Administration of the Criminal Code examines the application and decides: to provide installments or not. In the first case, the consumer is informed and invited to draw up an agreement between the owner of the housing and the Criminal Code.
Important! The provision of installments, the writing off of the penalty - the right of the Criminal Code, but it is not an obligation, therefore it is impossible to challenge the refusal.
Reducing debts to paying utilities have the right to some categories of beneficiaries, for example, large families, retirees, World War II participants, disabled people.
To get benefits, they need to turn to the Criminal Code and provide confirmation documents, after which the staff of the service organization will be recalculated.
Now you know what to do when the power is off. At the same time, keep in mind that it is easier to pay for the energy used than to wait for you to connect it.
The deactivation of electricity for non-payment of utilities is carried out in Russian legislation.
When power is off
First of all, you need to find out how legal it is, and what changes in legislation are in this issue. Resolution No. 354 (chapters of the XI and XVI) speaks of the responsibility of owners of apartments and houses for the late payment of services, as well as how the procedure for limiting the electricity supply.
Recent changes were made in early 2017, but general order relationships between the artist who offers services and consumers of electricity that they were not fundamentally affected. In the event of debt in paying for electricity, the organization should encounter the equipment.
The power failure rule applies in the following cases:
- debt for payment of electricity;
- use of electricity in the absence of a contract with a service provider.
Suspended at the time and receipt of electricity. Separate devices that are in the apartment when it comes to an apartment building. In legal terms, the separation of light does not mean that the contract with the consumer has been terminated. This is usually a scheduled shutdown with an advance warning.
The right to turn off power without warning without warning is in the following cases:
- the threat of an accident;
- natural disasters;
- unauthorized connection;
- use of equipment with unacceptable powerful loads;
- prescription supervisory bodiesAnd also - in court.
In all other cases, the organization should inform citizens in advance of the suspension or disconnection of electricity. For example:
- with incomplete payment and not on time;
- during repairs.
With what guilt you turn off the electricity? With payment debt, not less than 2 months. Consider debt based on the standard regardless of the meter readings. The executive organization sends a written warning to the debtor personally on a receipt or a registered letter.
If the fault is not within the specified period (by law - 10 days), an organization can turn off electricity.
Because the law should turn off
The procedure for disconnecting electricity in consumers is highlighted in state regulations. We care about individuals, that is ordinary citizens. As the resource ceases to operate, reflected in rooms: 354, 442 and 1498. With the amendment and adoption of a new decree under number 1498, it has become easier to impose restrictions.
How PSUs work:
- If you have not paid the amount of 2 months electricity charges (according to the standard), you will have to wait for warnings. Depending on the organization, it can be directed: in the form of a registered letter sent by email to email, call with the recording of the conversation, placing warnings on the personal account or in writing delivered directly to the place of residence for painting.
- Once you have accepted this warning, the 10 day period begins where you will either need to find funds to pay off debts or contact the energy saving organization with a request to sign an agreement.
- If messages are ignored, after a further 10 days, Strom deactivates a special brigade or a specialist. The seals are overlaid and the fact is created.
- All costs related to the restriction of the supply of a resource, imposing seals as well as renewal are paid at the expense of the consumer.
According to the 10th term, the organization or deactivates the resource or is the debtor an agreement in which the schedule of payment of payments by debt is negotiated. Any measures accepted in relation to the debtor should not prejudice others when it comes to an apartment building.
On the video about the separation of electricity for debts
In the event that a citizen does not give a notification but turns off the power, then this can go to court under the law. However, it should be borne in mind that in this case the organization providing services has the right to be attentive to the court of justice also to the debtor. Pay the same. And the faster the debtor will make it, it will be less expensive financially and morally.
Every day people watch TV, cook on an electric stove, use other electrical appliances, includes lights. An ordinary person's life is unthinkable without electricity. However, it is necessary to regularly pay for its use. Otherwise, the electricity will be closed for non-payment.
Which debt turns off? Is the penalty for unauthorized connection? These and other questions on this topic can be found to find answers in this article.
The law on turning off electricity for non-payment
Numerous regulatory acts of housing and community services are provided for the continuous qualitative determination of owners (employers) of residential houses of various utilities. Any refusal to provide resources necessary for normal life, including electricity, not allowed.
However, in the legislation it is stated in which cases this resource can be restricted (terminated).
The most important regulatory acts in this area are:
- Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 354 "On the provision of utilities to owners and users of premises in residential and residential buildings";
- and also resolution No. 442 "on the functioning of retail stores of electrical energy, full and (or) partial restriction of the mode of electrical energy consumption."
The power can turn off
According to the provisions of the above-mentioned acts, in the presence of legal reasons, the contractor may restrict (terminate) the provision of various utilities. In the context of the contractor, an organization is understood in this case that offers consumers a specific LCD.
Electricity comes to homes with electric utility organizations.
Do you have the right to deactivate yourself?
Power contracts cannot be consumed by consumers directly with suppliers of this resource. In fact, if you control condominiums, the Criminal Code or the HOA, the HST, they'll get into contracts with suppliers.
Therefore, the performer of this service will act as the person who has entered into an energy supply agreement.
Taking action on defauertater can also manage the company, the main thing, to determine the contract with which the contract was concluded.
The legislation does not allow unauthorized separation of the supplier's electrical energy. Resolutions # 354 and # 442 are clearly spelled out for all sorts of reasons to turn off the power.
In terms of fitness, they can be combined in three groups:
- by consent of the parties (consumer and energy sales company or the Criminal Code);
- for reasons independent of consumers (emergency and emergencynatural disasters, repair and preventive work);
- consumer depending on consumer (available) municipal debt, unsatisfactory emergency state of instruments and networks, other breach of obligations of the consumer).
Minimum debt for shutdown - 2 months
One of the most common reasons to turn off the power is to blame. In this regard, many consumers naturally wonder what is how debt is separated with electricity.
The answer to this is given in para. 118 of Resolution No. 354.
Such a measure can be assumed as switching off the lights against a defaulting party who has more than one fault than two months electricity charges. ⇐
A shutdown threshold defined by law cannot be changed in any order.
Like the rules turn off the power, warnings
Disable electricity for non-payment can only be done in the prescribed manner. Switching off the lights can only be considered legal if it is observed. Because what the guilt can leave without electricity, we have already figured out. Now it is necessary to find out when it will turn off and whether consumers should be prevented.
The provisions of Resolution No. 354 say that the tenants should be required to disconnect from the coming disconnection due to non-payment.
You can do this in a number of ways:
- by personal delivery upon receipt;
- by registered mail (with notification);
- on the account of the LCK;
- by phone;
- by email;
- through the payer's personal report in the system in the GIS residential complex and public hospital,
The segregation rules ensure that the debtor has twenty days to repay debts after receiving notification. If the repayment has not happened, the power restriction can be administered for a non-payer. If there is no technical ability to restrict, the light will turn off immediately. If the payment is not received within ten days of the limitation period, the electricity can also be disconnected.
The procedure for suspending this resource should not harm the rest of the residents of the house, lead to damage to the common property.
Turn off the lights without warning, in the threat of accidents, natural disasters, repair work.
Creation of an act of disconnecting electricity
If the electricity is directly disconnected, the act of relating should be created. This document is made in three identical copies. It must indicate the address of the room, the consumer name, what actions are made and when the number of the meter and its latest readings, as well as on what basis and how much the light is turned off.
In the presence of objections, the consumer can in fact make a note directly. The document is signed and one of the copies is left to the residents of the apartment. Below is a sample of a power shutdown switch.
Turn off power to legal entities
With the separation of the light of the citizens, everything is clear. However, it can suspend the flow of electricity to legal entities. Various organizations are also consumers of individual utilities. Therefore, such an opportunity is provided in Resolution No. 442.
In this case it is also not without prior notice of the impending current limit. True for organizations, it is sent ten days before the scheduled shutdown.
Unauthorized connection and responsibility for it
No matter how much, in order to speed up the connection of electricity, you should not resort to illegal methods. The unauthorized light exposure can have many adverse effects.
If you can dig into the meter easily at first, then you can add a blow to the electricity or detract from something. The wires are pulled from the neighbors, and the extension cables are not worth it either.
Second, such actions can be detected. And to the injuries are applied. In this case, the administrative code imposes fines from one and a half to two thousand rubles for citizens, from thirty to four thousand for the legal persons.
Where to turn to contact for connection
I don't want to be without light for long. Hence the question of where to turn and what to do to connect it. The most correct way to return electricity is to pay off debts. In the absence of a lump sum possible, consumers have the right to ask six months for installments of payment for the debt. With documents aimed at numbers or installment slips, you need to contact the culprit of utilities to connect electricity. You should know that this service is paid for.
After receiving the application, the electrician comes home, removes seals from the counter, and does an act of turning on electricity. Resolution No. 354 indicates how many days the connection must occur.
Illegal downshifting of electricity
The order of turning off the electricity is not always observed as follows. It is important to follow established rules in the amount of debt in order to clear yourself, notify the consumer to shut down. If there was an illegal shutdown, you can file a complaint on the Housing and Criminal Code in a Housing Inspectorate, Antitrust Parts, Prosecutor's Office, Prosecutor's Office, Court of Justice.
If the breakup was illegal, that person's guilt will be fined.
The court takes into account a large number of such disputes. Arbitrage practice It indicates that he, in order to solve them, it is necessary to determine the amount of debt, complying with the procedure for disconnecting electrical energy.
For the payment of bills for electricity as legal entities, so and individuals can leave without electricity. The main thing is that at the same time all the rules for turning off electricity are observed. For illegal shutdowns, unauthorized connection is provided for responsibility.
Increasingly, management companies are using the interruption of services for non-payment by utility companies, the order of which the law defines in 2019. This method is used to combat debtors as the error is inconsistent due to the fact that debt organizations annually large sums of money. Considering what makes the debt possible, disabling the non-payment utilities and how it should happen.
How legal is it
Responsibility of owners and employers of community housing. Pay for the utility services used i.e. electricity, water, gas, drainage, cleaning of stair cells etc. installed by the housing code.There is a community service agreement between the owners of the housing and the Criminal Code, in which this condition is rewritten. Consequently, early or incomplete payment by the consumer is a breach of the contract.
Can the management company terminate the contract and in the future with the violator of the agreement? No, the law is not provided for by law. However, the supplier has the right to limit or temporarily terminate a number of services as a measure of the effects. This is fixed by B. Regulatory Act - Government Decree No. 354, final amendments In the middle of 2017, according to this document, there are two situations in which such actions management company is legitimate:
- community payments;
- use of services without a contract.
The law considers abnormal situations separately. Turning off electricity or water is not a way to punish debt if it happens in the following circumstances:
- accident or its threat;
- weather catibile;
- regulations of the supervisory authorities;
- emergency repair work.
Are there other ways?
Turning off electricity for non-payment of residents from utilities in 2019 is not the only way to induce restrained debt. Instead of turning off the lights or water, the management company can go to court. In order to take into account such statements, it should be a simplified procedure for testing. The service provider is not a claim, but an application for a court order.
Also read terms and benefits of benefits for retirees for utility bills
Since the management company's request is not only absolutely legal, but also undoubtedly five days of judicial order will be issued. A copy of such a decision will be sent to the debtor along with the proposal to pay arrears. In the event that no action is taken as a response, the sequence is used for execution.
Most often, the bailiffs turn to the bank, where the debtor opens an account. At the request of the court, the existing debt amount for electricity or water will be automatically written off from the account without the consent of the owner. However, the management companies prefer to act in a way that gives a quicker outcome: a restriction or complete disconnection of power for debt. This is also legitimate and less of a nuisance.
Whether the light is disconnected from the rent debt
In the comparison sheet of community, not only electricity, but also many other services. Restricting or separating some of them is generally not possible. The rules for the provision of utilities are prohibited, which of them limit on which the possibility of using residential houses. This list includes cold period heating, cold water supply, and sewage. However, the electricity for not paying to turn it off is allowed, like gas and hot water.
Resolution # 354 indicates that the right to disable the service will be implemented if it is not fair. For this, representatives of the management company seal the appropriate equipment, both outside and inside the debtor's home. In other words, it is legitimate light of light for the accumulated debts on electricity, water supply, etc.
Do you have the right to turn off electricity if the fault is formed on heating? Yes, I have network technology inside the house in the area of responsibility of the management company and no electricity supplier. This is part of the most on-duty services that debt has been accumulating for. In addition, the law makes it impossible to push down or limit warming in winter. In order to overlap water, it is necessary to seal the device in the apartment, where its owner has full law. Don't allow outsiders. Working in the sales cabinet outside of the private sphere is much easier.
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