Is CBD oil darker than THC oil
The big Leafly.de CBD oil (cannabidiol) guide
Full spectrum CBD oil or CBD isolate
In the following article we will deal with the cannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD), which, like the well-known tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and many other cannabinoids and active ingredients, is contained in the cannabis plant. In contrast to THC, however, CBD has no psychoactive effect, which is why CBD products in Germany - provided the THC content is below 0.2 percent - can be bought legally. One of the most famous products is the CBD oil.
What ailments can CBD oil be used against?
The ingredients in CBD oil can develop a wide range of effects, which is why they can also be helpful for various ailments.
The oil with cannabidiol can provide relief for the following diseases / complaints:
- Skin problems like acne
- Insomnia / sleep disorders
- Nausea / nausea
- Stress / tension / anxiety / nervousness
- Headache migraine
- Crohn's disease / ulcerative colitis / irritable bowel syndrome
- Inflammation / chronic diseases (e.g. osteoarthritis or rheumatism)
- multiple sclerosis
There are now numerous studies that prove that cannabidiol is effective against various ailments. We always report on this in our articles. Our ambassador Eva Imhof also successfully uses CBD oil against her migraine attacks.
Another large study on CBD should be mentioned here, the results of which were published in 2017. This study was carried out by the Brigthtfield Group and HelloMD. Dr. Perry Solomon stated that the main reasons CBD is used are depression, anxiety, insomnia and joint pain.
42 percent of respondents said that thanks to the CBD products they used, they were able to get off various non-prescription and prescription drugs such as pain relievers. Furthermore, 80 percent of the survey participants stated that CBD was very or extremely effective. Only three percent stated that they had not noticed any noticeable effect.
It is also worth knowing that the cannabinoid cannabidiol, i.e. CBD, has been classified as harmless by the WHO, i.e. the World Health Organization. A milestone for cannabis research. Leafly.de reported.
How is CBD Oil Made?
For the CBD oil, primarily hemp flowers and leaves of female industrial hemp, which comply with EU legal standards, are used. This is characterized by a low THC and high CBD content. The cannabidiol is obtained through the gentle and efficient CO2-Extraction process.
The so-called "supercritical CO2“(Carbon dioxide) dissolves the substances from the hemp under high pressure. This pressure is then reduced in the next step. As a result, the CO2 the extracted extracts are removed so that the natural ingredients of the hemp plant are retained. This is followed by decarboxylation: the substances obtained are heated so that the CBDA acid is converted into the active CBD.
The biggest advantage of the CO2-Extraction process is seen in the fact that the entire spectrum of plant substances is preserved. The CBD oil not only contains cannabidiol, but also other phytocannabinoids, such as cannabinol (CBN), cannabichromene (CBC) and cannabigerol, as well as valuable flavonoids and terpenes. In addition, the CBD oil can also contain the following substances:
- Chlorophyll: The natural pigment chlorophyll supports cell respiration and helps detoxify and cleanse the cells. Correspondingly, chlorophyll can also have a positive influence on the immune system.
- Carotenoids: This is also a natural dye that gives the CBD oil its golden yellow shimmer. Carotenoids such as beta carotene are known to prevent arteries from narrowing, protect against premature aging, and have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system.
- Vitamins: CBD oil can contain various vitamins, especially vitamin E, which is often referred to as the "anti-aging vitamin". As an antioxidant, vitamin E can also protect the body's cells and have a positive effect on serotonin levels.
- Trace elements and minerals: Iron, calcium, potassium, copper, manganese, sodium, phosphorus, zinc and magnesium are important substances for the organism that can also be contained in the CBD oil.
To make it easier to use, an oil is added to the CBD extract. Most manufacturers add hemp seed oil here, so that the CBD oil has a dark color and a slightly bitter taste. Other manufacturers use coconut, olive or grapeseed oil for further enrichment.
All oils have in common that they contain omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, which are important for cell regeneration. In addition, the fatty acids can also have a positive effect on blood pressure values and the immune system. This CBD oil is usually offered under the names "full spectrum extract" or "natural extract".
What other manufacturing methods are there for the CBD oil?
Another manufacturing method is to isolate the cannabidiol from the hemp plant and purify it so that white CBD crystals are created, which can consist of up to 99.9 percent CBD. These crystals are then dissolved in an oil (grape seed oil, hemp seed oil, olive oil or coconut oil). The resulting CBD oil is then called either “CBD crystals” or “CBD isolate”.
It is important to mention here that these CBD crystals or CBD isolates contain neither THC nor other cannabinoids, terpenes or plant substances. However, it is assumed that the ingredients such as cannabinoids and terpenes support each other in their effects, which is known in cannabis research as the "entourage effect".
What is the entourage effect?
The majority of researchers assume that the combination of the different ingredients in the cannabis plant is more effective than just isolated cannabinoids. A few years ago, the neurologist Ethan Russo explained how the ingredients of the cannabis plant can affect each other.
Here he not only describes the well-known cannabinoids THC and cannabidiol, but also the modes of action of the other active ingredients. Particularly noteworthy are the terpenes that interact with the cannabinoids and thus develop their effects, such as:
- The terpenes mycrene, caryphyllene, and pinene can relieve anxiety.
- The cannabinoid CBG, in conjunction with the terpenes linalool and limonene, can help fight dangerous MRSA germs.
- The cannabinoid CBD can be effective against acne in combination with the terpenes linalool and limonene.
All of this speaks in favor of using CBD oil as a full-spectrum extract in order to benefit from the entire phytocomplex.
What is the Difference Between CBD Oil and Hemp Seed Oil?
Hemp seed oil or hemp oil for short is not made from the hemp flowers or leaves, but from the seeds (hemp nuts), which are usually cold-pressed to obtain the oil. Here, too, industrial hemp is used, as it is characterized by a strong seed expression and only contains a small amount of THC.
Depending on the processing process, the hemp oil gets a green color and has a slightly bitter, nutty aroma if the oil is made from unpeeled seeds. If, on the other hand, peeled seeds are used, the oil has lower taste and color-changing components and therefore does not taste quite as bitter.
Hemp seed oil is used as an edible oil and is valued primarily for its high content of essential fatty acids such as omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. These cannot be produced by the body itself, but have to be supplied through food.
The hemp oil is used, for example, for salads or for cooking and baking, whereby it must be ensured that the oil should not be heated above 165 degrees Celsius, otherwise the valuable fatty acids will decompose.
CBD oils with different concentrations
CBD oils are available in different concentrations. 2, 5 and 10 percent are common. The higher the CBD concentration, the more expensive the product is.
A low CBD concentration is suitable for approaching the CBD oil. The prices of the oils with 5 percent CBD are in the mid-range and are used when the low-potency oil has no effect. The most expensive are oils with 10 percent or more cannabidiol.
It should be noted that the rule here by no means applies: the higher the CBD concentration - the greater the effect.
CBD oil and its dosage
The CBD oil has a very individual effect, because every organism reacts differently. As a result, it is difficult to make recommendations for dosage. For example, a few drops of a 5 percent CBD oil could already have an effect on one person, while 10 drops are needed on another person.
With another, just 3 drops of a 2 percent oil could have effects. Therefore, it is often advised to start with a 2- or 5-percent CBD oil in a low dose and hold it for a few days. If there is no effect, the dose can be increased.
In addition, the manufacturers usually give a dosage recommendation, whereby these are usually very low in order to protect themselves in the event of undesirable side effects. This does not mean that everyone should automatically choose a higher dosage. As mentioned before, you should start with a low dosage and gradually increase it if you don't feel any effect after a few days.
How is CBD Oil Taken?
Usually, CBD oil is taken orally. This means that a few drops are placed directly under the tongue. The CBD oil should stay there for about 30 to 60 seconds, as this allows the CBD to be absorbed through the oral mucosa. This is very well supplied with blood, which is why the CBD can quickly get into the bloodstream.
However, it is also possible to swallow the CBD oil directly, whereby the gastric mucous membrane absorbs the CBD only slowly and then transports it to the brain via the blood. Once there, the CBD stimulates the receptors CB1, 5-HT1A and the vanilloid receptor.
The following dosage recommendations from some manufacturers can serve as a guide:
|Gastrointestinal complaints, slight pain, sleep disorders||three drops (2 or 5 percent CBD oil) in the morning and in the evening; increase to five drops after a week in the event of severe discomfort|
|Stress, anxiety, tension||three drops (2 or 5 percent CBD oil) three times a day; increase to five drops after a week in the event of severe discomfort|
|Chronic complaints, severe pain or during chemotherapy||Increase 4 drops in the morning and in the evening and to 5 drops in the second week (10 percent CBD oil)|
What side effects can I experience when taking cannabidiol?
CBD oil is generally considered to be harmless and the oil hardly causes any side effects. Nevertheless, it applies here that every body reacts differently to the ingredients, which is why there may be few side effects. Ingesting too much can lead to drowsiness, loss of appetite and diarrhea. On the other hand, the active ingredients in CBD oil should not have any negative effects on the cardiovascular system.
However, pregnant women are advised not to take CBD oil. In addition, a doctor should be consulted if diazepam and omeprazole are taken at the same time.
What should be considered when buying the CBD oil?
The CBD percentage, together with the volume of the product packaging, forms the amount of CBD in the oil. Accordingly, when buying the CBD oil, not only the CBD percentage value, but also the absolute amount must be taken into account. Depending on the density of the oil, for example, 10 milliliters of CBD with 10 percent CBD should contain around 900 to 1,000 milligrams of CBD. It is also essential to pay attention to the THC content, because this must not exceed the statutory guide value - in Germany 0.2 percent.
With some CBD oils, the CBD value is made up of the CBDA value, whereby CBDA is the acid-based precursor of CBD and does not have the same effect as CBD. Although certain health benefits can be ascribed to the CBDA, the statements on this are controversial. Therefore, it should be ensured that the oil contains CBD.
Ideally, the manufacturer breaks down the exact cannabinoid composition and provides information about it. Many manufacturers also offer a certificate of analysis. If this is not included and is not published by the manufacturer, you should refrain from buying this CBD oil.
How should CBD oil be stored?
CBD is very light-sensitive, which is why the oil should be obtained in opaque packaging. It is also important to store the CBD oil in a dark and cool place. For example, it can be stored in the refrigerator. Regarding the shelf life, it should be said that CBD oil can be stored for up to two years. With such a long storage time, however, the CBD oil should not be stored in the refrigerator, otherwise the consistency of the oil will change.
How do I know which CBD oil is good and which isn't?
Our partner organization ARGE CANNA in Austria has already carried out an extensive test and developed a seal of approval. They currently recommend 4 products that are suitable for medical use. We at Leafly.de are also working on such a seal. Until we are so far, we recommend manufacturers who are also available in German pharmacies, such as Limucan, or manufacturers who attach great importance to testing their own production, such as Endoca. The independent rating portal CannaTrust also provides a good overview of this.
Be careful with all products that are GMP-certified or have a bio-seal on the Internet. If appropriate certificates are available, ok. However, many manufacturers adorn themselves with quality seals that do not even exist, are purely invented in order to better sell their goods.
Note: In this article we report on prescription CBD or cannabidiol. This article makes no suggestion as to the possible purpose. Promises of use are left to the pharmacists.
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