What is the salary of Rajasthan Patwari

Jagir

For the 1984 film, see Jagir (film).
"Jagirdar" forwards here. For the 1937 film, see Jagirdar (film).

A Jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also written as Hunterwas a kind of feudal land grant on the Indian subcontinent when its Jagirdar (Zamindar) system was established. It developed during the Islamic rule of the Indian subcontinent from the early 13th century when the power to rule and collect taxes from an estate was given to a commissioner of the state. The tenants were considered to be in bondage Jagirdar. There were two forms of jagir, one conditional and the other unconditional. The conditional jagir required the ruling family to maintain troops and to do their service to the state upon request. The land grant was called iqta, usually during an owner's lifetime, and the land reverted to the state after the Jagirdar's death.

The Jagirdar The system was introduced by the Delhi Sultanate and continued throughout the Mughal Empire, but with one difference. That was in the Mughal times Jagirdar collected taxes that paid his salary and the rest to the Mughal treasury, while administration and military authority were delegated to a separate Mughal appointee. After the collapse of the Mughal Empire, the system of Jagire was retained by the kingdoms of Rajput, Yadav, Jat, Saini and Sikh Jat and later in some form by the British East India Company.

definition

Jagir (Persian: جاگیر, Devanagari: जागीर, Bengali: জায়গীর) is a Persian word and means "to hold land".

The Supreme Court of India used the following definition of JagirRajasthan Land Reforms and Revival of the Jagir Law (Rajasthan Act VI of 1952) in his Thakur Amar Singhji v Rajasthan State (and others ...) in a judgment of April 15, 1955:

The word "Jagir" originally meant grants that Rajput Rulers gave to their clansmen for military services rendered or to be rendered. Later, grants for religious and charitable purposes, and even for non-Rajputs, were referred to as jagirs, and in both a general sense and in legislative practice the word jagir was used to refer to any grant that gave grant recipients rights in relation to land revenue, and it is in this sense that the word Jagir in Article 31-A should be interpreted.[Quote needed]

Succession

From a technical point of view, a jagir was a feudal property, as the permit returned to the state after the death of the jagirdar. In practice, however, jagirs became hereditary for the male direct heir of the jagirdar. So the family was that de facto The ruler of the territory earned income from part of the tax revenue and provided the remainder to the state treasury during Islamic rule and later in parts of India that fell under Afghan, Sikh and Rajput rulers. The Jagirdar did not act alone, but appointed administrative levels for collecting revenue. These positions were called Kak according to Shakti Patwari, tahsildar, amil, fotedar, munsif, Qanungo, Chaudhri, Dewan, Rao and others.

Origin and successor of the 13th century

This feudal system of land ownership is known as that Jagirdar System. The system was introduced by the Sultans of Delhi in the 13th century, later adopted by the Mughal Empire and continued under the British East India Company.

Some Hindu jagirdars were converted into Muslim vassal states under Mughal rule, such as the Nawwabs of Kurnool. Most of the princely states of India during the colonial British Raj era were jagirdare such as Mohrampur Jagir. Shortly after independence from the British Crown in 1947, the Jagirdar System was abolished by the Indian government in 1951.

Types of Jagirs

There were several types of Jagir grants known by different names, including Jagir, an area of ​​neighboring cities or villages with an administration Paigah, Agrahar, umli, Mukasa, inam, and Maktha.

See also

  • Indian honors
  • Desmukh
  • feudalism
  • Indian feudalism
  • Feudalism in Pakistan
  • Kulkarni
  • Lambardar
  • Mankari
  • Mansabdar
  • Patil
  • Saranjamdar
  • Sardar
  • Prabha single
  • Zamindar
  • Ghatwals and Mulraiyats

References