What do psychedelic mushrooms look like

Mushrooms containing psilocybin

Mushrooms containing psilocybin are psychoactive mushrooms that contain the active ingredients psilocybin or psilocin. Psilocybin is converted to psilocin in the body, which acts as a psychedelic hallucinogen.

Mushrooms containing psilocybin are also known colloquially as Magic mushrooms, Psilos, Miracle mushrooms, Magic mushrooms or Shrooms designated,

More than 180 different species are known worldwide.

Use [edit | Edit source]

Usage form [edit | Edit source]

Psilocybin mushrooms can be freshly collected or freshly harvested from a mushroom farm. For preservation, however, they are usually dried and thus also offered by illegal dealers.

They can be dried in the oven, but should not exceed 50 ° C, as otherwise a large part of the active ingredient will be destroyed.

Some consumers also grind the mushrooms and use them to produce, for example, psychoactive chocolate or honey, which also serves to preserve them. Here, too, you should pay attention to the temperature.

It should be noted that the active ingredient content is often not evenly distributed in the mushrooms, so that certain parts of the mushroom can have a stronger effect, while others are ineffective. The processing of the mushrooms into a powder helps to distribute the active ingredient evenly.

Application routes [edit | Edit source]

The mushrooms are usually consumed orally. They are often quickly chewed and washed down with a drink. The taste is usually perceived as unpleasant.

To prevent the initial nausea, mushrooms containing psilocybin should be taken on an empty stomach.

Psilocybin is soluble in water, which is why the mushrooms can also be used to make an effective tea.

Some consumers also claim that the mushrooms can be smoked. However, this is not possible due to the resulting temperatures, which destroy the psilocybin in the mushroom.

Dosage [edit | Edit source]

Psilocybin and psilocin [edit | Edit source]

As part of substance-assisted psychotherapy, psilocin was given dosages of 6-10 mg[1] and psilocybin dosages of 6-15 mg[2] used.

The hallucinogenic effect is said to predominate at 12 to 20 mg psilocybin[3].

Psilocybin content in mushrooms Edit source]

Since the mushrooms are a biogenic drug, the active ingredient content can fluctuate. The environmental conditions during growth, the genetic predisposition of the respective fungus and the time of harvest play a role in this. An exact dosage is therefore hardly possible. The amount of psilocybin in dried mushrooms is usually between 0.1% and 2%.

Psylocybe mexicana has a psilocybin content of around 0.3% and a psilocin content of 0.01%.[4]

In addition, the psilocybin-containing mushrooms often contain other active ingredients such as baeocystin and norbaeocystin in small quantities.

Dosage recommendations Edit source]

Danger: This table is only intended to give a rough overview of the dosage, because the effect varies from person to person. In addition, the mushrooms always vary somewhat in their concentration of active ingredients.

Mushroom variety (dried mushrooms) step 1 (very weak) Level 2 (weak) level 3 (medium strength) Level 4 (strong) Level 5 (very strong)
Psilocybe cubensis0.6g - 1.3g 1.3g - 2.0g 2.0g - 3.5g 3.5g - 4.5g 4.5g - 10g
Psilocybe tampanensis0.5g - 1.0g 1.0g - 1.8g 1.8g - 2.8g 2.8g - 3.8g 3.8g - 10g
Panaeolus cyanescens0.3g - 0.6g 0.6g - 1.2g 1.2g - 1.9g 1.9g - 2.5g 2.5g - 5g
Psilocybe semilanceata0.4g - 0.9g 0.9g - 1.5g 1.5g - 2.5g 2.5g - 3.4g 3.4g - 10g

This list assumes dried mushrooms. Fresh mushrooms contain a lot of water, which is why the value from the table must be multiplied by a factor of 5 to 10. For example, to get a level 3 high with fresh Psilocybe cubensis To achieve this, you have to eat 15-25g of fresh mushrooms.

Overdose [edit | Edit source]

The risk of a fatal overdose appears to be negligible. An LD was created for rabbits50 for psilocybin of 12.5 mg / kg i.v. determined, for rats 280 mg / kg i.v. and for mice 285 mg / kg i.v .. The lowest LD50 With a high psilocybin content of 3% for dried mushrooms, the value for rabbits corresponds to about 0.42 g / kg.

Of course, this does not exclude dangers from other ingredients.

The main danger of a too high dosage is likely to be a possible loss of control and bad trips.

Effect [edit | Edit source]

The effects of psilocybin are very similar to those of others classic hallucinogens (Psychedelics), which target the serotonin receptor subtype 5-HT2A Act. This also includes LSD.

psychological [edit | Edit source]

A feeling of warmth and relaxation is often described at the beginning,[5]. The existing feelings, whether positive or negative, are reinforced.

With a higher dose, thinking is increasingly no longer linear and can be intensified (flood of thoughts) or even disappear temporarily. Body sensations can also be increased at times, but also significantly reduced at times.

Colors and shapes are perceived more intensely, 2-dimensional CEVs appear, patterns can then become blurred and 'walls breathe'. With increasing effect, strong kaleidoscopic pseudo-hallucinations occur, in which the user remains aware of their drug-induced character.

With high doses, deep insights into one's own psyche occur. The inner life is recognized as a cosmos of infinite dimensions. Reality and consciousness are being redefined.

With very high doses it can lead to ego dissolution (loss of the ego), near death experiences, the perception of different beings (machine elves), the perception of a completely different world and divine visions come.[6]

physically Edit source]

The body temperature rises, the pupils are dilated. You may experience dizziness and nausea.[7]

Effective time [edit | Edit source]

The effect continues for 20 to 30 minutes[8] after ingestion and lasts about 6 hours [9] at. During this time, the intensity of the effect can repeatedly rise and fall in waves. [10].

Set & Setting [edit | Edit source]

for detailed information and tips see also: Set and setting of a psychedelic experience

Not only the active ingredient is responsible for the course of a drug trip with psychedelic hallucinogens, but also the psychological state of the consumer ("set") and the environment affecting him ("setting"). Since a psychedelic experience can be a deep cut into the psyche, it should be prepared very well.

set
Hallucinogens intensify internal psychological processes. If the user feels uncomfortable or is afraid, the drug intensifies this effect. Good preparation helps to prepare mentally for the upcoming.

Embedding consumption in a ritual, such as making a mushroom tea, can be comforting.

If you have a psychological predisposition, such as depression, psychosis or post-traumatic stress disorder, it is generally not advisable to consume psychedelics at all. Even if these problems are dealt with, there is a risk that they will break out again in the trip. If there have been cases of mental illness in the family, its use is often discouraged as psilocybin can cause covert psychosis.

Setting
Since the mind is permanently in interaction with its environment, this should also be well chosen for a drug trip. It should generally be a controllable environment, in pairs or in a small group of people who can be trusted. A sober trip sitter should accompany the trip.

Suitable places could be a specially furnished room or a secluded forest clearing on a nice day. Triptoys can be used for employment. Music can be played according to the mood achieved.

Hallucinogens are not party or fun drugs with which euphoric states can be expected. Even if small doses seem controllable, the effect at a party can turn into a bad trip due to overstimulation from loud music, crowds and colored lights (especially strobe lights). For this, it can be enough to be accidentally jostled by a stranger or to get a dirty look.

Mechanism of action [edit | Edit source]

Psilocybin is converted into the actual active ingredient psilocin in the body. This is structurally similar to the neurotransmitter serotonin and therefore binds to serotonin receptors[11], being particularly agonistic to the 5-HT2A-Receptor acts what is typical for classic hallucinogens is.

Risks Edit source]

see also: Hallucinogen # Risks, Safety Instructions for a Psychedelic Experience

In general, psilocybin impairs the ability to properly recognize hazards and react appropriately, making the consumer prone to accidents and states of confusion.

The use of hallucinogenic drugs can have a severe impact on one's own psyche and trigger deep psychological crises, especially when it comes to a bad trip. The risk of a bad trip can never be completely ruled out, but there are measures to reduce the risk.

Psilocybin is usually well tolerated physically and there is no evidence of a long-lasting effect on the brain or other parts of the human organism.

Pregnant women should not consume the mushrooms, as possible harm to the unborn child cannot be ruled out.

Acute dangers Edit source]

Dosing problems [edit | Edit source]

The active ingredient content of biogenic drugs, such as mushrooms containing psilocybin, can fluctuate widely, also among different mushrooms of a species and also in different parts of the mushroom. An exact dosage is therefore hardly possible and you run the risk of going through a more violent trip than you intended.

Re-dosing is difficult in that the psychedelic effects can fluctuate even during intoxication. So you can do it during a trip clear feel or again clear and a short time later fall into a strong intoxication.

Bad trip [edit | Edit source]

Hallucinogens can cause states of consciousness that overwhelm the consumer and lead to a so-called bad trip. Unprocessed or repressed problems can suddenly emerge from the background, forcing the consumer to deal with them. In severe cases, strong feelings of fear and panic can be triggered and you jump around like a wild animal.

These can all be very bad and in part traumatizing experiences, which burden the consumer for a long time and are also associated with cases of suicide.

In order to avoid the risk of a bad trip, the personal condition of the consumer (set) and the environment of the noise (setting) should be paid very close attention to before consuming mushrooms.

Consumption should be avoided even with minor problems, as these can often increase significantly during the trip.

A sober and trustworthy trip sitter should always be present on the trip, as he can often prevent slipping into a bad trip simply by being persuaded. However, a person on a bad trip can also pose a threat to his surroundings.

People with previous psychological stress or cases of mental illness in the family are generally not advised to consume hallucinogens.

Risk of accident Edit source]

In a strong psychedelic intoxication one is usually unable to interact properly with the environment and to assess the dangers for oneself and others, which is why one should generally consider in advance what dangerous situations could arise from and how to avoid them. Driving machines and vehicles under the influence of psilocybin is prohibited, and participating in traffic as a pedestrian should also be avoided.

High buildings, slopes, proximity to roads, railways and rivers with strong currents should be avoided in any case. Pointed and dangerous objects should not be in the immediate reach of the consumer.

Safe places for a trip are your own room or far away places in nature.

Dizziness can also lead to more falls, so you should sit or lie down during a trip if possible. You can also upholster the floor with mats or blankets.

Exhaustion and other impairments caused by consumption may persist for a while after the subjectively perceptible effects of intoxication have subsided. To be on the safe side, you should therefore refrain from actively participating in traffic for up to 24 hours after the customer.

physical effects Edit source]

Psilocybin can cause stomach upset, flatulence and nausea, which can affect the psyche and thus increase the risk of a bad trip. To prevent nausea, it should be taken on an empty stomach.

In addition, dizziness and confusion due to flood of thoughts are possible.

Should psilocybin lower blood pressure, a circulatory collapse or loss of consciousness is likely.

Sometimes a headache is reported the next morning.

Mixed consumption Edit source]

Hallucinogenic mushrooms are sometimes mixed with MDMA. This combination is called "hippy flips" by some users and causes effects similar to those of the combination of LSD and MDMA.

However, mixed consumption is not recommended because any additional substance can negatively affect the body and the trip. Interactions have hardly been researched.

Serotonin syndrome could be threatened, especially when mixed with other substances that affect the serotonin balance.

Long-term [edit | Edit source]

Drug psychosis Edit source]

The outbreak of latent psychoses through the consumption of hallucinogens cannot be ruled out. They may even be incurable. Research assumes that an appropriate disposition must be available for this.

It is also likely that existing psychological problems or psychoses will intensify.

In order to reduce the risk of an outbreak of a latent psychosis, the consumer should find out before taking hallucinogens whether there were or are pre-existing mental illnesses in the family. If this is confirmed, it is essential to refrain from consuming it.

Flashbacks [edit | Edit source]

There have been reports that psychedelics can trigger flashbacks, meaning that a psychedelic high can suddenly appear long after they were last used. This can be particularly dangerous in road traffic.[12]

HPPD [edit | Edit source]

There are documented cases of triggering HPPD