Is epilepsy a disease


One speaks of epilepsy only if the seizures are signs of an underlying disease, regardless of the fever. In contrast, many people have an epileptic seizure once in their life. This is the name given to the singular occurrence of a seizure. It affects 5% of people up to the age of 20. But the seizures do not repeat themselves unless they are specifically triggered.

Even febrile seizures, now called "fever-related seizures", are not considered epilepsy, although they can occur several times a year in infancy. Occasional cramps occur in approximately 3% of children.

About 0.5-1% of all people are affected by epileptic seizures. The most common diseases are children, adolescents and young adults up to the age of 20 and seniors from 65. 50 out of 100,000 children in industrialized nations develop new epilepsy every year. The disease is one of the 10 most common diagnoses made in inpatient treatment for children and adolescents under 15 years of age. The disease must be distinguished from similar paroxysmal disorders of consciousness or behavior (emotional convulsions).

The doctor often uses the term "cerebral" seizure (from Latin, cerebrum = brain) instead of the expression "epileptic", because the seizures have their origin in temporarily impaired brain activity.
The tendency to cramp is a general property of the human brain. Under certain conditions, an epileptic seizure can therefore be triggered in any person. You could also describe a seizure as a kind Thunderstorm in the head denote: As with a thunderstorm, there is an excessive electrical discharge of the nerve cells in the brain. Depending on which and how many nerve cells are involved, this manifests itself in smaller or larger seizures or only in short-term disorders of consciousness or sensation.

Epilepsy is classified based on the type of seizure and its cause, as well as the onset of the disease.