How can I teach crochet for beginners

Learn to crochet: 8 tips & 4 ideas to get you started

Those who can crochet have the opportunity to make many everyday objects themselves. This includes hats, sweaters, pot holders and blankets. We explain to you what you have to consider at the beginning and which crochet ideas are suitable for beginners.

Why you should learn to crochet

Crocheting is exactly the right hobby for everyone who wants to do some handicrafts in their free time. Crocheting is not only quick to learn, but also a great way to make your own clothes and household items. All you need is a crochet hook and the right wool.

Crocheting is very straightforward and ideal for relaxing a bit after work or on the weekend. You don't have to buy great accessories or do some preparatory work to get started, just make yourself comfortable and get started. Once you've gotten a bit of practice, it's also great for doing other things on the side. For example, you can crochet when you take the train or bus. Besides crocheting, you can watch TV or listen to a lecture. Or you can crochet just before bed to relax.

8 tips for your first attempts at crocheting

When you decide to learn to crochet, it is often difficult to know what to look for in the beginning. Therefore we have summarized the most important information and techniques for you. If you want to use other techniques besides crocheting, you can learn knitting and sewing with our guides.

The right crochet hook

Tips for your first attempts at crocheting

Choosing the right crochet hook can be tricky for a beginner, as there are different variations and styles of this particular needle. Basically, a crochet hook consists of three parts: the handle, the shaft and the hook. The different parts can be made of the same or different materials and shaped differently. The respective needle has a strong influence on handling. You should therefore try out for yourself which crochet hook you can handle best.

The hook of the needle is the most important part because it pulls the thread and holds it in place. Therefore, you should make sure that the hook is open enough and the notch is deep enough. Also, the hook shouldn't be too pointed, as you could accidentally split the thread.

The handle and shaft can also play an important role in choosing the right crochet hook. The longer the shaft, the further you can pierce the crochet piece to get the thread. The shaft is the piece between the hook and the handle. The handle, on the other hand, depends entirely on your preferences. It's best to try a few different crochet hooks to see which one fits your hand best.

In addition, a distinction is made between different needle sizes with crochet hooks, which are specified in millimeters. The number of millimeters indicates the thickness of the needle:

  • Small needle size From 0.5 - 2.00 mm: Crochet hooks made entirely of metal are particularly suitable for small needle sizes, as they are not so easy to bend and break.
  • Medium needle size From 2.5 - 5.00 mm: A metal hook with a thick handle made of plastic or wood that lies comfortably in the hand is best here. However, you should be careful not to let the handle come off the hook.
  • Big needle size From 6.00 - 10.00 mm: If the needle size is large, plastic needles are mainly used, as plastic in this size is also very stable. When buying, try to make sure that the material is well made and that there are no roughened areas where the thread could get stuck.

Which yarn is right for you?

The needle size of the crochet hook always depends on the thread used. You can use an incredible number of different types of yarn to choose from depending on your preference and the end result. For example, if you are crocheting a blanket, it is advisable to use thick, soft wool so that the blanket will keep you warm and won't scratch. If you want to crochet a fine tablecloth, for example, you should also use a thin thread. Most of the time, the thread packaging states which needle size is best for the thread. In general, however, it can be said that smaller needle sizes produce tighter and tighter stitches and larger needle sizes produce looser and coarser stitches.

However, if you are crocheting a relatively thin thread with a large needle size, the stitches will likely become so coarse that you will no longer be able to see the correct pattern. If you use a small needle size in exchange for a thick thread, the thread will likely slip off your hook again and again or not be fully picked up because the opening is too small.

How to start: the chain stitches

Probably every beginner learns chain stitch crochet first, as almost every crochet job begins with this. But first you should know how to hold the needle and thread correctly: Take your wool and wrap the first half meter of the ball. Then you pass the thread between your little finger and ring finger, wrap it once around your index finger and again around your thumb, but only in such a way that a loop is formed. Now you start with your first stitch. To do this, guide the crochet hook from below through the thumb loop and pull the thread, which is stretched between the index finger and thumb, through it. Slide the thumb loop off your thumb so that it tightens.

The other stitches always follow the same pattern: The thread is wrapped around your index finger. Use the hook of the crochet hook to pull the thread through the loop you previously formed. You repeat this step until you have reached the width of your desired object. Now you have to crochet a spiral chain stitch. This follows at the beginning of each new row so that the edges don't get crooked. You create a spiral chain stitch by pulling the thread through the loop without piercing the crochet piece beforehand. The number of spiral chain stitches depends on the type of stitches that are to be crocheted in the next row. If you want to continue with single crochet, you only need a spiral chain stitch.

This is how you crochet single crochets

The single crochet stitches are, so to speak, the basic stitches in crocheting. Once you have mastered the single crochet stitches, you can crochet your first parts yourself. To crochet single crochets, you first need a row of chain stitches and a turn chain stitch. Now you stitch in the penultimate chain stitch from the front and fetch the thread so that you can pull it through this stitch. Then you fetch the thread again and pull it through the loop formed around the crochet hook and through the spiral chain stitch. Now you insert the needle again from the front into the penultimate loop, fetch the thread from the back, pull it through the stitch and the loops you have formed. You do this until you reach the end of the row. To turn, crochet a chain stitch again.

Crochet the edge: The slip stitches

The slip stitches are particularly suitable for crocheting an edge. But this technique is also suitable for closing a chain of stitches or connecting several crochet pieces with one another. For a slip stitch, stitch through the stitch, get the thread and pull it through the stitch and loop on your needle. You repeat this until you have reached the end of the row.

Alternative techniques for the edge

The Mouse tooth edge is particularly suitable for pot holders, blankets and pillows, as it is very decorative and playful. In general, you work with chain stitches and single crochet for this edge.

For the Shell rim Or you connect the shell pattern with spiral chain stitches with single crochet stitches and double crochets and thus create a semicircular edge. This variant is particularly nice for coasters and tablecloths.


The Cancer scam is particularly suitable if you want to crochet your border in a different color. To do this, stitch through the stitch, bring the thread to the front and pull it again through the loops on your crochet hook. You proceed in a similar way to the single crochet.

Crochet double crochets

For the shell edge you have to crochet so-called double crochets. This technique is more for advanced learners, but even as a beginner you can vary a little with this technique. A row of double crochets is taller than a row of double crochets and translucent due to the coarser look. First you crochet three spiral chain stitches, then you start with the double crochet technique:

Increase and decrease stitches

By adding or decreasing stitches, you can make your crochet piece wider or narrower. If you add stitches, the piece becomes wider. In order to maintain a certain evenness, however, you should make sure that you only increase one more per stitch. To do this, you crochet a single crochet and then stitch again in the same stitch from the previous row and crochet a single crochet. You already have two stitches where there was only one before. If you want to increase evenly on both sides, you should make sure that you double the same number of stitches on both sides.

However, if you want to decrease stitches, you will achieve that your crochet piece becomes narrower. To do this, in contrast to the previous process, you have to make one out of two stitches. You stitch into the stitch from the front and get the thread, but instead of pulling it through the loops on your needle, you stitch into the next stitch and get the thread again. Only then do you pull it through all the loops on your crochet hook. So you skipped a loop. Again, you should make sure that you work evenly on both sides to get an even result.

This is how you crochet in the round

To crochet in the round, you usually start with a ring of thread. To do this, you don't just wrap the thread around your thumb once, but twice. Now you poke from above through the loop around your thumb and fetch the thread. You hold on to the resulting loop, fetch the thread again and only now pull it through the loop. Now you continue with single crochets, but each time you stitch in the circle to create a round shape. When you have reached the end of the circle, stitch the first stitch to close the circle. To do this, you use a slip stitch. Now you can add more rows with single crochets.

4 crochet ideas for beginners

Once you have mastered the basic crochet techniques, you can start with your first crochet pieces. We have collected a few ideas for you that are easy to use even for beginners.

Crochet hat

There are different shapes of hats, some of which are easy to crochet and some of which are difficult to crochet. With this hat, increases and decreases are completely dispensed with and the same technique is always used. Therefore, even a beginner can crochet his first piece of clothing.

Crochet blanket

A blanket is also suitable for beginners, as only straight rows are crocheted without increases or decreases. Of course, you can vary your blanket to suit your mood. This example uses the stick technique.

Crochet pot holders

Pot holders can be crocheted quickly and yet they leave a lot of scope to be creative. You can use a variety of techniques, patterns, and edge techniques. This example uses the thread ring and the edge of the mouse tooth.

Crochet a basket out of parcel cord

A basket is not only versatile, it can also be crocheted by a beginner without much effort. In this example you are crocheting with parcel cord. This gives you a rustic look and a sturdy basket.

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