Which dessert is famous from Canada

Gastronomy of Canada: traditional dishes and desserts

Canada's gastronomy owes its origins to the indigenous cultures that have inhabited the country over the centuries. Because of this fact, Canadian food today is so diverse, encompassing all kinds of ingredients and flavors. Aside from this ethnic origin, it is also under the influence of two major gastronomic establishments: French cuisine and English cuisine.

Below is an index of all the points we will cover in this article.

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Gastronomy of Canada: traditional dishes and desserts


Canadian cuisine is called collage made from parts of other kitchens namely mainly English, Scottish and French.

There are also Asian and Caribbean influences due to immigrants from these areas of the planet who have been living since the XNUMX. and XNUMX. Living in Canada in the 17th century.

With this, most traditional dishes have a bit of each culture and are usually taken away. We'll show you the highlights below.


These are fern leaves when they are not yet ripe and rolled up. They are cooked with chicken, potatoes and other vegetables. This dish is very typical of New Brunswick (Canada). Plus, it's a very healthy dish as fern leaves are a source of omega 3 and omega 6, as well as iron and fiber.

Macaroni and cheese

Alias Kraft Macaroni & Cheese O Kraft Mac and Cheese It is a food that is marketed by the company Kraft Foods in Canada and the United States since 1937.

It's actually an extremely easy dish since it's all macaroni and cheese. So popular in Canada is that it is considered a national dish. In addition, it is very cheap and remains edible for up to a year.

Montreal bagels

A bagel or attached It is a type of traditional wheat flour bread that is largely reminiscent of a donut as it is marked by a hole in the middle. The difference, however, is that the bagels are salty and have a crispy texture on the outside as they are boiled in water for a short time before baking.

Montreal bagels are characteristic because they are made by hand and baked in a wood oven. Its taste is slightly sweet, in contrast to the bagel from NY, which is larger in size.


This dish is originally from Quebec, Canada and consists of french fries with slightly aged cheddar cheese and meat sauce. The cheese is added when the potatoes are freshly cooked and is covered with the very hot meat sauce so that the cheese stays melted and the fries become soft.

Poutine is considered fast food or Fast food within Canadian gastronomy and can be found in restaurants, street stalls and even school canteens, as well as in major fast food chains (for example: Burger King, KFC O MC Donalds).


In Canada, meat is often characterized by being high quality and also have good price. In all supermarkets the meat department is very broad and includes a large selection.

In addition, you will find organic beef, i.e. farms where the cows have been raised with the utmost care for their well-being and fed without chemicals. In the following we will show you four dishes that contain meat and are particularly typical of Canada.

Smoked beef sandwich

Boeuf smoked is French and literally means smoked beef. In this way, this dish is nothing more than a sandwich made of whole grain or rye bread, filled with smoked beef, mustard, and pickles. It can be accompanied by coleslaw. It is a dish that can be ordered as a snack in any restaurant.

Calgary beef hash

Calgary is located in the central part of the country and is one of the regions with the highest meat production. The typical thing is to take it roasted and in steaks or hamburgers and accompanied by French fries or a salad. And so it happened that the Calgary beef hash It is one of the most typical dishes of the central area of ​​the country, which is also characterized by beans.

Peameal bacon

Also called Cornmeal bacon, consists of pork loin bacon, thinly sliced, pickled and rolled in cornmeal (hence the name of Cornmeal bacon).

Its origin lies in the company William Davies Company, a Toronto-based pork processor. This type of meat is eaten in a sandwich and it is common to find this dish in St. Lawrence Market, one of Toronto's major markets.

The first idea for making peameal bacon came from the emigrants who settled in Canada from Wiltshire, England.


Commonly called Meat pieis a dish from Quebec, Montreal (Canada), where it is called in French Pie à la Viandewhich literally means Meat pie.

It consists of bread dough filled with minced meat, which can be pork, game or beef. Traditionally, this type of savory cake is served on special occasions like New Years or Christmas, although it is so popular today that it can be found in the country all year round.

fish and seafood

Canadian territory is bounded by three oceans: the Atlantic, the Arctic, and the Pacific. Hence, it is not surprising that it has great gastronomic wealth in terms of diversity of fish and shellfish.

Canada's cold waters contain more than 160 different marine species, tons of which are exported daily, whether fresh, frozen, canned or smoked. Below we list a number of dishes that contain shellfish or fish, which are the most typical in the country.


Herring is especially popular in New Scotland, where the dish is known as Solomon Grundy, consisting of herring, served with onions, cream aria and crackers (small, crispy loaves of bread made from unleavened cereal flour).


Arctic char is found in the province of British Columbia on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. Because of its texture and taste, it is largely reminiscent of salmon. It is a very healthy fish that is rich in omega 3s.

It can be found in stir-fries, baked or grilled, etc. In addition, it is usually accompanied by various spices or sauces, including butter with fine herbs or spicy or citrus sauce.


Corn-cooked lobster is Canada's most popular recipe and a traditional recipe from the Prince Edward Island maritime province. In English it is called steamed lobster with corn.


Canadian salmon is famous for its high quality and is widely eaten in the country's maritime provinces. It is either raised on fish farms or fished in the wild.

As with char, the versatility of salmon supports a variety of recipes and is either fresh, frozen, smoked, or canned. Canada is one of the largest producers and therefore exporters of salmon in the world. Many of Canada's indigenous communities make a living from fishing for salmon.

Oysters, clams and scallops

Oysters are a mollusk found in all restaurants along the country's coast, as well as other seafood such as clams or scallops. They are usually boiled and taken with a little lemon juice to give them a sour touch.


Canadian gastronomy includes a wide variety of desserts, among which the cakes stand out. Canadian desserts and sweets vary from end to end of the country, so each region has a different dessert considered traditional.

That's how it is in the East sugar cakein Ontario, butter cake and the west zone, Nanaimo bars. These are just a few of the typical desserts we'll list below.

Berry cream cake

This forest fruit cake is homemade and made on a biscuit basis in cream cheese and with strawberries, blueberries and raspberries. It's a high-calorie cake because it has a wide variety of ingredients and powdered sugar in it.


Actually, this is the name of a very popular bakery chain in Canada Castor queues. His star product are Beavertails, a type of candy made from fried dough that is elongated and flattened in shape, reminiscent of the tail of a beaver, hence the name of this candy, which literally means Beaver tail.

They are coated with various ingredients such as cocoa cream, apple pie, cinnamon ... The BeaverTails chain was founded in Killaloe, Ontario in 1978 and is currently a franchise company that can also be found in the United States. South Korea y Japan.

butter cake

This dessert is one of the most popular in Canada. It's a little sweet paste made from butter, sugar, maple syrup, and eggs, all of which are baked until the filling is semi-firm and the top is crispy.

Traditional, butter cake They have a rounded shape with a larger diameter in the top layer than in the base, but the recipe may vary depending on the family tradition of each home where they are cooked. The most popular variants are Butter cake squaresthat are the same but their shape is square.


Although cupcakes can be found all over the world these days, they are a very traditional Canadian dessert. There are an infinite number of flavors, colors and shapes, but the basis is always the same: a small piece of cake for a single person, covered with a cream that includes chocolate, vanilla, strawberry, pastry cream, whipped cream ...

This top layer is known as frosting. As modern as they may seem, cupcakes were already sold in XNUMX. Taken in the 18th century because there were no molds for making cakes and therefore cups or small clay pots were used as molds. Therefore the name Cupcakewhich literally means translated Cupcake.

Maple syrup

Maple syrup (in English, Maple syrup and in French Maple syrup) also called Maple syrup O Maple syrupThis last name as a translation from English is possibly the most famous product worldwide and from Canada.

It is usually eaten with pancakes or trempetten, but also as a condiment in a variety of desserts. It is made from the sap of sugar maple, red or black maple.

Mint Cookies

The mint cookies literally Mint Cookies They're made with chocolate, peanut butter, and chopped mint. They are characterized by their taste, in which the freshness of the mint contrasts with the sweetness of the chocolate, and are therefore popular. They can be found with or without a dark chocolate coating, although more often they are coated. They are usually taken with tea.

Nanaimo bars

Nanaimo bars, or Nanaimo bars, originally came from Canada but are now popular across North America. They are square, made of chocolate and not baked. As the name suggests, they come from the city of Nanaimo in British Columbia on the country's west coast.

The ingredients are: crumbled waffle (base layer), custard or butter-flavored butter icing (middle layer), and melted chocolate (top layer). Of course, there are different variations of this popular dessert, such as the one that adds mint icing.


The name of this dessert comes from French as it is originally from Quebec and literally means Pudding for the unemployedsince it was created during the 1929 crisis as a Crash from 29 (Name adapted to Spanish).

The name of this dessert comes from the fact that it was very inexpensive and made by working women during the period of massive layoffs from Montreal's industry. It is actually a variant of the popular breadcrumbs pudding in England, where it is known as Breadcrumbs pudding.

Red velvet cake

The name of this cake literally means translated red velvet cake and it's because of its color, which is dark red, sometimes maroon. Beet dye has traditionally been used to get this color, although a red dye can also be used.

It is prepared in layers and has a vanilla or chocolate flavor. Each layer is covered with an off-white frosting, usually made of cheese or buttercream.

raspberry cake

This cake is usually eaten during the celebration of Canada Day or Canada Day and in Spanish it is known by the name Raspberry three-layer cake. The production process is long and can take up to 4 hours.

Various ingredients are required including: unsalted butter, granulated sugar, eggs, vanilla, sifted flour, yeast, salt, milk, raspberry jam, and wild raspberries, plus cream cheese and powdered sugar for the middle layers (the white color).

Tres Leches cake

The Tres-Leches-Cake, Tres-Leches-Bread or Tres-Leches-Cake is a cake whose base is a sponge cake soaked in three different types of milk: evaporated, condensed and cream.

To avoid having too many bubbles in the cake, butter is used for a more even texture. This pie or pie is popular not only in Canada but also in North America in general, as well as in Latin America and the Caribbean.


The Trempetten They are similar to that of pancakes pancakes but they are fried in oil so that their texture is crispier. They are soaked in maple syrup and usually served covered with cream or a little butter.

Local products

Canada is the world's largest producer and exporter of wild blueberries, which are also called in English Lowbush blueberries. They are mainly grown in Quebec, Nova Scotia and also in the Atlantic coastal provinces.

Saskatoon or blueberries are also very popular Saskatoon berriesgrown in the Canadian prairies (canadian prairie), British Columbia and Northern Canada.