How to become a prison guard

Training to become a law enforcement officer in the middle service

What does a correctional officer do in middle service?

Enforcement Service: While on duty in the prison, prison officers monitor the common rooms and detention cells and check them. If an officer senses the suspicion that an inmate has unauthorized items with him, he is allowed to carry out physical searches on him and to steal them from him. He also provides the inmates with clothes and food.

Factory service: As a correctional officer, you manage a so-called factory operation within the prison. This is usually a craft business such as a bakery or carpentry shop. The factory is used for vocational training and further education of the prisoners so that they can go back to work after their sentence and are also qualified for it. You will assign tasks and equipment, monitor compliance with protective measures and assess work performance.

Administrative service: In the area of ​​administration, officials in the middle prison service also take on important tasks. They create, manage and maintain prisoner and personnel files, carry out orders and monitor payment transactions. When a prisoner is released, they prepare the release and take care of the necessary formalities. In doing so, they work closely with other service providers in the administration of justice as well as with courts and public prosecutors.

Medical corps: If an inmate is sick or injured, officials in the middle prison service contact the prison doctor. They support the doctor during examinations and assist with treatments. After the treatment, they care for and look after the patients independently. If an inmate is newly admitted or released, an investigation takes place, which the correctional officer accompanies and documents.

Civil servant in general enforcement service, civil servant in factory service & employee in nursing service

In some federal states there is the possibility of specializing in a certain area of ​​responsibility in the prison service even before training. In North Rhine-Westphalia, for example, there is training for Officials in the general prison service, to the Officials in the works service as well as for Nursing employees. All three apprenticeships belong to career group 1, second entry-level position.

Civil servant in the General Enforcement Service (AVD)

In the two-year training as a civil servant at the AVD, you will get to know all the administrative areas of a correctional facility. You will spend the practical phases in the various areas of a prison, such as in pretrial detention, open prison or youth prison. The requirements for the training are clearly regulated:

  • graduation: Technical college entrance qualification or secondary school leaving certificate and completed vocational training
  • Age: at least 20 years
  • nationality: Citizen of a member state of the EU
  • Character, physical and mental aptitude (The ability to work must be confirmed by a medical officer!)

Official in the works service (WD)

The dual training for civil servants in the WD takes two years. The practical phases take place in different prisons. In addition to general basic training, you will also receive specialist training in various subject areas such as management, protection against violence, communication in the factory area or health promotion. Again, there are a number of requirements that you have to meet:

  • graduation: Technical college entrance qualification or secondary school leaving certificate and completed vocational training
  • Master craftsman examination in the required subject
  • Age: at least 20 years
  • nationality: Citizen of a member state of the EU
  • Character, physical and mental aptitude (The ability to work must be confirmed by a medical officer!)

Nursing staff

The training also lasts two years and is dual. The nursing service works closely with other specialized services of the prison - in particular with doctors, psychologists, educators and pastors. That is why you will deal with health promotion, ethical issues and the special forms of treatment in a prison during your training.

  • graduation: Technical college entrance qualification or secondary school leaving certificate and completed vocational training
  • Training: Health and Nursing (State Exam)
  • Age: at least 20 years
  • nationality: Citizen of a member state of the EU
  • Character, physical and mental aptitude (The ability to work must be confirmed by a medical officer!)