Is a trainee paid?

Taxes & duties for trainees

As a trainee, you are finally earning your own money. However, this also means that you have to pay taxes and insurance contributions. tells you how much net of your training remuneration is left.

Every employee in Germany is obliged to pay taxes and duties to the state.

Income tax, church tax and solidarity surcharge

Whether you pay taxes as an apprentice depends on the amount of your training allowance and your income tax bracket. If you are single and have no children, then you usually have tax bracket one.

If you earn less than 9,408 euros annually (this is the basic tax-free allowance, as of 2020), you do not have to pay any taxes. If you earn more, however, then you have to pay wage and church tax like a "normal" employee.

The income tax depends on your income tax class. If you earn more than approx. 990 euros gross per month, you will probably have to pay wage tax if you have wage tax class I. Church tax you only pay if you belong to a church, e.g. if you are Catholic or Protestant. The church tax is - depending on the federal state - approx. 8 to 9% of your wage tax. The Solidarity surcharge As a trainee, you don't usually have to pay.

Your training company transfers these contributions to the tax office for you.

Contributions to pension insurance, health, long-term care and unemployment insurance - all of these are called social contributions. In the Pension insurance do you pay in money in order to have an income later during your retirement. As a trainee, you have to be a member of a Health insurance be. You can choose the health insurance yourself. Compare the contribution rates and the benefits you receive for them. In addition to health insurance, you also pay contributions for the care insurance. This means that you are financially secure in the event that you should be in need of care in old age.

In the unemployment insurance you pay in money so that you have money available in case you suddenly become unemployed.

In total, the social security contributions amount to 40% of your training allowance. But you only pay about 20% of this yourself, the rest is taken over by your training company.

After deducting taxes and social security contributions, you will receive the so-called net amount. That is the money that is available to you.