Where is Sudan located
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The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.
Before unnecessary tourist trips to Sudanis currently being warned.
There is currently little data available on Sudan. A high number of unreported infections can be assumed. According to official figures, Khartoum and the states of Gezira, Red Sea and Darfur are particularly affected. Sudan is classified as an area with a particularly high risk of infection (high incidence area).
The World Health Organization (WHO) provides current figures.
Entry is only possible with a negative PCR test, which must not be older than 72 hours upon entry. Upon entry, additional examinations such as fever measurements can be carried out. For travelers with a previous stay or transit in South Africa, Great Britain and the Netherlands, a 14-day quarantine at home is mandatory after arrival in Sudan.
Transit and onward travel
Transit is only possible with a negative PCR test, which must not be older than 72 hours.
A COVID-19 test is generally not required for departure. However, depending on the airline used and the destination country, this may be mandatory.
International air traffic takes place.
Restrictions in the country
There is currently no curfew and no travel restrictions in the country.
There are no specific arrangements.
- Make sure you comply with the AHA regulations and also follow the instructions from local authorities.
- Stays in foreign countries can currently affect the possibility of entering other countries. Therefore, find out about the current regulations on entry, transit and quarantine in the respective travel countries via the travel and safety information before starting any trip.
- When you return to Germany, note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, test and quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the responsible company or your tour operator, if necessary, and contact the health department at your place of residence or residence if you are entering from a risk area . Further information is available in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.
From traveling to the border areas too
- Egypt, with the exception of the main route N1 via the border crossing Wadi Halfa / Aswan,
- Chad, as of travel
- in all five Darfur sub-regions (Zentralaldarfur, Ostdarfur, Norddafur, Westdafur and Süddarfur) in the west of Sudan,
- in the regions of South Kordofan and Blue Nile
is strongly discouraged.
From trips to the area along the border with Ethiopia in the states of Gedaref and Sennar, including the Dinder National Park, is not advised.
There is still an increased risk of terrorism throughout Sudan, even if the last attack attempts were several years ago. In recent years, isolated cells that had planned attacks have been uncovered by the Sudanese authorities in various parts of the country.
Even after the formation of the transitional government, protests, demonstrations and strikes continue. The economic situation is tense. Violent clashes and, in some cases, considerable traffic obstructions cannot be ruled out during protests.
Due to the shortage of goods and the adjustment of subsidies, the prices for basic food are rising steadily. At the same time, there is strong inflation. The cash cycle takes place almost exclusively outside the banks. Across the country there is a regular shortage of important goods, some of which also affect the capital Khartoum. In particular, there is often a shortage of fuel, and very long queues form in front of gas stations.
In the border areas with Libya, Egypt and Chad, there are repeated clashes with rebels and smugglers infiltrating from Libya.
In the past there have been violent clashes between the government and an extremist Islamist group in Dinder National Park. It cannot be ruled out that other armed groups willing to use violence may be present there.
The borders with Eritrea and Chad are closed. The borders with Libya and the Central African Republic can also be closed for longer periods at any time, as happened at the end of September 2019.
On the border with Egypt only the Aswan / Wadi Halfa border crossing is open.
Whether the Gallabat / Metemma border crossing to Ethiopia is open must be inquired on a case-by-case basis. Away from the main traffic route, there is a risk of landmines.
In the five sub-regions of Darfur (Central Darfur, East Darfur, North Darfur, West Darfur and South Darfur) in western Sudan there are isolated violent clashes and bandit incidents. There is also a very high risk of kidnapping.
Travel to Darfur always requires the prior approval of the Sudanese government. Aid organization staff should seek close coordination with the UN and the Sudanese government (HAC, Humanitarian Affairs Commission), and on official or journalistic trips with the German embassy in Khartoum and the UNAMID peacekeeping mission and the UN security service UNDSS.
South Kordofan (incl. Abyei) Unity State and Blue Nile
Military fighting broke out in the South Kordofan and Blue Nile regions.
In the city of Abyei and the border region of the same name between North and South Sudan - the border between Sudan and South Sudan is controversial - the current calm can change very quickly depending on local and regional events.
Even in rural areas in South Kordofan and the Blue Nile, especially in the Nuba Mountains, fighting between the army and rebels and bombing by the Sudanese armed forces occur again and again.
In northern Sudan, especially for the pyramids of Meroe and Karima, the security situation is currently under control due to the extensive military and police presence of Egypt and Sudan.
Even after the peace agreement between the East Sudanese "Eastern Front" and the government in Khartoum, many security forces are present in the region. Violent clashes between different population groups can occur.
- Take extra care when traveling in Sudan.
- Find out about the local media.
- Avoid demonstrations and large gatherings of people in large areas.
- Do not leave the main route on the way to Egypt.
- Do not try to cross borders illegally.
- Avoid the controversial Hala'ib triangle between Sudan and Egypt.
- Plan travel in East Sudan carefully and coordinate it with the local authorities.
- Follow the instructions of local security guards.
Crime is increasing in Khartoum and other cities, but is low by African standards. There is an increased risk of petty crime such as pickpockets and handbag theft at airports, bus stations and markets. Car break-ins occur mainly in Khartoum.
Outside the cities, especially in remote areas off the connecting roads along the Nile, gang crime, armed robberies and kidnappings must be expected. In October 2017, a 72-year-old Swiss helper was kidnapped in Darfur and only released after more than a month.
- Do not be out at night and always undertake cross-country trips in groups with several off-road vehicles.
- Keep your money, ID, driver's license, air tickets and other important documents safe.
- Only take the cash you need for the duration of your stay and no unnecessary valuables.
- Be particularly vigilant in large crowds such as at airports, bus stations and markets, and watch out for your valuables.
- Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, profit notifications, offers and requests for help from alleged acquaintances. Do not disclose any data about yourself; if necessary, make sure yourself personally or contact the police.
Nature and climate
There are different vegetation belts from the arid Sahara in the north to semi-arid savannah areas in the south. In the north there is sometimes extreme drought, especially from April to October there are sandstorms.
At the beginning and end of the rainy season from April to October, heavy rainfall can lead to flooding and thus impairments.
- Always observe prohibitions, signs and warnings as well as the instructions of local authorities.
Infrastructure / traffic
Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.
Air traffic does not meet European safety standards. All Sudanese airlines are on the EU's common list of unsafe airlines. Air travel within the country is offered by various Sudanese airlines.
The infrastructure in Sudan is inadequate in many ways. Supply shortages (including fuel shortages, lack of medicines) are widespread. For example, trips outside of the metropolitan area of the capital Khartoum are often only possible to a limited extent due to a lack of infrastructure and security threats.
Tourists do not need a travel permit from the Sudanese Ministry of Tourism to travel outside of Khartoum (travel permit) more.
The risk of accidents when driving overland should not be underestimated due to poor roads, missing markings and the often unorthodox driving style. Night driving should be avoided altogether. A defensive driving style is strongly recommended. Medical help in the event of an accident is usually not available.
Due to the aftermath of the civil war in South Sudan, the tribal conflicts and the still tense situation in some parts of the southern and eastern borders as well as v. a. Due to the Darfur conflict, it is not possible to cross the country safely either from north to south or from east to west.
Traveling in northern Sudan to the pyramids of Meroe and Karima is unproblematic and possible again by land from Egypt, but only via the border crossing Aswan / Wadi Halfa.
The borders with Eritrea and Chad are closed. Whether the Gallabat / Metemma border crossing to Ethiopia is open must be inquired on a case-by-case basis. The main traffic route to this border crossing should not be left. When attempting to cross borders illegally, there are dangers from unmarked or insufficiently marked minefields and long-term imprisonment.
Diving in the Red Sea has so far been unproblematic, but equipment from some organizers is prone to accidents.
- Plan travel in the country very carefully.
- Drive carefully and defensively and, if possible, only in groups with several off-road vehicles.
- If possible, carry several copies of your travel documents with you when driving overland, as these are sometimes collected at checkpoints.
- Do not try to cross borders illegally.
- For scuba diving, only choose organizers with a good reputation and safe equipment.
The German driving license is sufficient for tourist stays.
Special rules of conduct / Ramadan
Travelers should adapt to the rules of conduct in the Islamic areas of Sudan. This applies in particular to the strict ban on alcohol.
Loose clothing that covers arms and legs is recommended, which also protects against mosquitoes. Headgear is not necessary, but makes sense to protect against sun and dust. Eating, drinking and smoking in public during the fasting month of Ramadan during the daytime is frowned upon.
Photographing and filming military facilities, uniformed persons and objects of strategic importance from the point of view of the Sudanese authorities (ministries, military and police, as well as other public facilities of all kinds, train stations, bridges, airfields, even cemeteries) is strictly prohibited, see Criminal law.
Photographs of women, uniformed persons and beggars as well as in refugee camps should only be made with special care and never without the consent of those affected.
Sexual acts between same-sex people are punishable by law. In certain cases, especially repeat offenders, face life imprisonment.
Sharia applies in Sudan. Import, manufacture, trade, transport, consumption, possession and acquisition of drugs as well as alcohol, drunkenness and excessively revealing clothing such as very short pants, bikini tops, can, especially in the case of women, under the Sudanese criminal law and the Public Order Law with high penalties ( Imprisonment, fines, in principle even with whipping) are punished. The same goes for prostitution, adultery and homosexuality. The possession and distribution of pornographic material is also prohibited. In this context, when entering Sudan, cell phones and laptops are checked irregularly and may be confiscated.
Photographing and filming military facilities, uniformed persons and objects that are strategically important from the point of view of the Sudanese authorities (ministries, military and police, as well as other public facilities of all kinds, train stations, bridges, airfields, even cemeteries) is strictly forbidden and can be punished with severe penalties .
Money / credit cards
The local currency is the Sudanese pound (SDG). Credit cards and foreign bank cards cannot be used in Sudan. Travelers must bring enough cash with them to finance their stay.
Entry and customs
Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.
Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without the Foreign Office being informed beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information that goes beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app, or you can inquire about them by telephone.
Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:
- Passport: Yes
- Temporary passport: No
- Identity card: No
- Provisional identity card: No
- Children's passport: No
Comments / minimum remaining validity:
Travel documents must be valid for at least six months at the time of entry.
The travel document cannot contain any Israeli stamps.
German citizens need a visa to enter the country.
This must be applied for at the responsible diplomatic mission abroad, in Germany the Embassy of the Republic of Sudan in Berlin, before entering the country.
Travelers must register with the immigration office at the place of residence within three days. Hotels usually offer their guests to do the registration for a fee.
Travels to the USA after stays in Sudan
Travel to Sudan may affect subsequent entries to the United States. For more information, see the United States Travel and Safety Guide.
There are no known special regulations for the entry of minors.
The undeclared import and export of foreign currency is permitted up to an equivalent value of 3,000 US dollars.
The export of gold without an official permit is prohibited with severe penalties.
The import of alcohol, fruit and vegetables, pork and pornographic newspapers, men's magazines or magazines with revealing images of women and men and comparable films as well as goods from Israel is prohibited.
Objects of daily personal use may be introduced. High-quality technical devices that are recognizably new and do not belong to travel needs, such as kitchen machines, may have to be cleared through customs.
The export of finds from ancient excavation sites and protected plants and animals (including ivory, see also the appendix to the Washington Convention on Endangered Species) is not permitted.
Pet owners must present vaccination certificates (e.g. European pet passport) with rabies vaccination and standard vaccinations that are common in Europe. Vaccinations must not be more than 12 months ago.In addition, an official medical certificate is required, which must not be older than 10 days.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.
In January 2019, WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health. In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.
- As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.
No compulsory vaccinations are required for direct entry from Germany. When entering from a yellow fever area, a yellow fever vaccination must be proven for all travelers from the age of one year.
The south of Sudan (south of the 15th parallel) is a yellow fever area, a yellow fever vaccination is also recommended here for medical reasons.
Travelers under 4 weeks of travel time should have full poliomyelitis (polio) vaccination with booster vaccinations every 10 years. According to the WHO, residents and long-term travelers over 4 weeks are recommended to have a booster vaccination 4 weeks to 12 months before departure, see information sheet on poliomyelitis.
- Make sure that you and your children have the standard vaccinations according to the Robert Koch Institute's vaccination calendar up to date.
- Vaccinations against polio, yellow fever (see above) and hepatitis A are recommended as travel vaccinations, and in the case of long-term stays or special exposure also against hepatitis B, typhoid, rabies and meningococcal disease (ACWY).
- Please note the instructions for use and help for the indication in the travel vaccination recommendations leaflet.
- The DTG offers up-to-date, detailed travel vaccination recommendations for specialist groups.
Dengue viruses are diurnal in the southeast of the country, including the province of South Kordofan Aedes- Mosquitoes transmitted. The disease is usually associated with fever, skin rash and pronounced pain in the limbs and is increasingly affecting travelers as well. In rare cases, especially in children, serious complications, including possible death, occur. Overall, however, complications for travelers are rare. There is neither a vaccination nor chemoprophylaxis nor a specific therapy against dengue fever, see information sheet on dengue fever.
- To avoid dengue fever, protect yourself consistently against mosquito bites as part of exposure prophylaxis, especially during the day.
Malaria is caused by crepuscular and nocturnal anopheles- Mosquitoes transmitted. If left untreated, the dangerous one is particularly dangerous Malaria tropica often fatal in non-immune Europeans. The disease can break out weeks to months after your stay in the risk area, see Malaria leaflet.
- If you develop a fever during or even months after a corresponding trip, see your doctor as soon as possible and inform him about your stay in a malaria area.
There is a high risk of malaria all year round in the southern parts of the country. In the northern desert areas, on the Red Sea and in the cities of Khartoum and Port Sudan, the overall risk can be classified as somewhat lower. About 90% of the cases are due to Plasmodium falciparum (Malaria Tropica).
To avoid malaria, protect yourself consistently against insect bites as part of exposure prophylaxis. You should pay particular attention to the following points:
- Wear light-colored clothing that covers the body (long trousers, long shirts).
- Repeatedly apply insect repellent to all exposed parts of the body, during the day (dengue) as well as in the evening and at night (malaria).
- If necessary, sleep under an impregnated mosquito net.
In addition to the necessary prophylaxis of exposure, chemoprophylaxis (taking tablets) makes sense all year round across the country. Various prescription drugs (e.g. atovaquone proguanil, doxycycline, mefloquine) are available on the German market for this purpose.
- Discuss the choice of medication and its personal adjustment as well as side effects or intolerance to other medication with a tropical medicine or travel medicine specialist before taking it.
- It is recommended that you bring sufficient supplies with you.
HIV / AIDS
There is always a high risk of HIV transmission through sexual contact, drug use (unclean syringes or cannulas) and blood transfusions.
- Always use condoms, especially on casual acquaintances.
Diarrheal illnesses are common travel illnesses, see information sheet on diarrheal illnesses. Cases of acute watery diarrhea and cholera are reported every year, sometimes as part of larger outbreaks. Both diseases are endemic in Sudan. However, through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene, most diarrheal diseases and also cholera (see below) can be avoided. Therefore, to protect your health, please observe the following basic information:
- Only drink water of safe origin, never tap water. A previously opened bottle can be identified more easily by purchasing carbonated bottled water.
- If possible, use drinking water to wash dishes and brush your teeth when you are out and about.
- If bottled water is not available, use filtered, disinfected, or boiled water.
- Cook or peel food yourself.
- Make sure you keep flies away from your food.
- Wash your hands with soap as often as possible, but always before preparing and eating.
- If possible, disinfect your hands with liquid disinfectant.
Cholera is transmitted through insufficiently treated drinking water or raw food and can therefore be avoided through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene. Only a small part of the people infected with cholera get sick and of these again the majority with a comparatively mild course. The indication for a cholera vaccination is only given very rarely, usually only in the case of special exposures such as working in hospital with cholera patients, see information sheet on cholera.
- If necessary, seek advice from a tropical or travel doctor with regard to your risk profile.
MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)
This infectious disease has been causing occasional severe respiratory diseases, primarily in countries of the Arabian Peninsula, since 2012. The cause is a coronavirus (MERS-CoV), the biology of which has not been conclusively clarified. Camels appear to be involved in transmission to humans. Transmissions from person to person only occurred in very close contact with the sick, see leaflet MERS-Coronavirus.
- Avoid unnecessary contact with camels to prevent disease.
Schistosomiasis is transmitted when bathing, wading or other leisure activities in or near fresh water by the penetration of worm larvae through the intact skin, see also information sheet Schistosomiasis.
- Consistently refrain from bathing in freshwater waters.
Sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis)
In the southern parts of Sudan, an infection with the pathogen causing sleeping sickness can occur, which can be transmitted by large diurnal flies (TseTse) with a painful sting even through thin material.
- Avoid fly bites through appropriate behavior (including caution when driving in open vehicles) and appropriate sturdy, long clothing; sturdy shoes are particularly advisable here.
The bacterial meningitis occurs with main transmission in the dry months of December to May. Depending on the type of travel and travel time, a vaccination (note: combination vaccine against the four meningococcal types ACWY) may also be indicated for stays of less than 4 weeks.
Visceral Leishmaniasis (Kala-Azar)
This disease is endemic in Sudan. This subtype of the disease is a deadly infection that affects the internal organs. Pay attention to protection against the mainly twilight and nocturnal vector mosquitoes!
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