How many tigers live in Siberia

- The Siberian tiger

The Siberian tiger is one of eight subspecies of the tiger and the largest living cat in the world.

With a length of up to 3.00 m and a height of 1.15 m, it is the largest living cat in the world. It weighs up to 320 kg. The light, yellow basic color of the fur with thin long stripes, the white belly and the white flanks serve to camouflage the snow. He is the only tiger that lives in the snow.

It is native to the Amur region named after the river and is therefore also called the Amur tiger. Survival in the snow and in extreme cold of up to minus 45 degrees Celsius in this region is guaranteed by its thick fur and 5 cm thick layer of fat.
The main area of ​​distribution today is in the far east of Russia. Its occurrence there extends from north to south over 1000 km through the Primorsky Krai region to the southern parts of the Khabarovsk region.

To maintain this vital layer of fat, the big cat needs 9 to 10 kg of meat per day. The male hunts deer, small mammals and wild boars in his territory, which can be up to 3000 square kilometers depending on the food available.

With its 10 cm long sharp claws it grabs the prey and with its sharp canine teeth it bites the backbone or the throat. When hunting, it reaches speeds of up to 60 km / h. The loner marks his territory with urine and scratch marks.

The female also signals her willingness to mate with scratch marks and urine. The mating season is not tied to a specific season. The male mates with every female in heat in his territory. Males and females stay together for a few days and mate several times during this time.

After a gestation period of 15 weeks, the female gives birth to 2-4 young. The initially blind newborns feed exclusively on breast milk up to the eighth week, after which they are also supplied with meat by the mother. They start their first hunting trips when they are one year old. They stay with their mother for about two years and live up to 15 years in the wild.

Threatend species
The Siberian tiger has no natural predators. But the demand in Traditional Chinese Medicine, which attributes the bones of the tiger to healing properties against rheumatism and other diseases, has depleted its stocks severely.

Profile: Tiger

Animal species:
Sibirian Tiger

Panthera tigris altaica

Siberia, north-east China, Korea

Mammals, birds, fish

165 kg (w) and 320 kg (m)

2.80 m (w) and 3.00 m (m)

Maximum age:
15 years