Sucking your fingers can disfigure your jaw

Practical Anatomy pp 63-122 | Cite as

Part of the Practical Anatomy book series (LANZ)

Summary

On the floor of the mouth, an unpaired section located next to the midline and two paired, laterally adjoining areas can be distinguished according to medical needs. The unpaired region extends as the submental region through the entire thickness of the floor and into the tongue; the lateral one is divided into 2 floors, of which the one closest to the skin can be described as the submandibular trigonum, the one under the mucous membrane of the oral cavity as the sublingual region.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

literature

  1. In agreement with Blandine and Malgaigne, quoted from Testut-Jacob: Traité d’Anatomie topographique, Vol. I, p. 279. Paris 1929.Google Scholar
  2. Hildebrand, O .: Outline of the surgical-topographical anatomy, p. 81. Wiesbaden 1913.Google Scholar
  3. Hildebrand Testut-Jacob: Traité d’Anatomie topographique, Vol. I, p. 279. Paris 1929. Google Scholar
  4. Gerlach, J. v .: Handbook of the special human anatomy in topographical treatment, p. 334. Munich and Leipzig 1891Google Scholar
  5. Hildebrand, O .: Outline of the surgical topographical anatomy, p. 82. Wiesbaden 1913Google Scholar
  6. Blumberg, J .: Textbook of topographical anatomy, p. 362. Berlin and Vienna 1926Google Scholar
  7. Stieve, H .: Nomina anatomica, p. 102. Jena 1936. Google Scholar
  8. Wieihn J. Henle (Handbuch der Systematic Anatomie des Menschen, Vol. III, Braunschweig 1868) shaped it by comparing it with the short and long part of an upright paper kite
  9. and Ms. Merkel (Handbuch der topographischen Anatomie, Vol. II, S. 15, Braunschweig 1899), Google Scholar
  10. H. K. Corning (textbook of topographical anatomy for students and doctors, p. 191, Wiesbaden 1919) Google Scholar
  11. W. Gloel (Topographische Anatomie, p. 61, Munich 1922) Google Scholar
  12. Testut-Jacob (Traité d’Anatomie topographique, vol. I, p. 642, Paris 1929). According to these authors, a horizontal line extended on both sides through the hyoid bone divides the ventral neck area into the supra-hyoid region cranial to the horizontal and the infrahyoid region caudal from this horizontal line, according to these authors

I. The lower jaw triangle, submandibular trigonum

  1. Gerlach, J. v .: Handbook of the special human anatomy in topographical treatment, p. 336. Munich and Leipzig 1891.Google Scholar
  2. This disadvantage caused Fr. Merkel (Handbuch der topographischen Anatomie, Vol. II, S. 40, Braunschweig 1899) to create the topography of the angle between the posterior biventer and the large hyoid horn, the so-called Google Scholar
  3. Triangle de Beclard (Poirier-Charpy, Traité d’Anatomie humaine, Vol. IV, p. 677, Paris 1900) of the French in connection with the Trigonum submandibulare. Such an approach, however, destroys the uniformity of both the sub mandibular trigonum and that of the carotid trigonum. She was also previously from the B.N.A. Google Scholar
  4. (Hiss, W., Die anatomische Nomenclatur, Basel 1895) and has in the N.A.J. (Sieve, H., p. 101, Jena 1936) found no entry. Google Scholar
  5. The changeable head posture also takes J. v. Gerlach (Handbook of the special human anatomy in topographical treatment, p. 334, Munich and Leipzig 1891) .Google Scholar

I. The lower jaw triangle, submandibular trigonum. 1. Construction

  1. Benntnghoff, A .: Textbook of Human Anatomy, Vol. II, p. 494. Munich and Berlin 1940.Google Scholar
  2. Sappey, Ph. C .: Traité d’Anatomie descriptive, Vol. II, p. 156. Paris 1876.Google Scholar
  3. Rauber-Kopsch: Textbook and Atlas of Anatomy, Vol. I, p. 529. Leipzig 1940.Google Scholar
  4. Gray, H .: Anatomy descriptive and applied, p. 495. London, New York and Toronto 1932. Google Scholar
  5. Rauber-Kopsch: Textbook and Atlas of Anatomy, Vol. I, p. 529. Leipzig 1940.Google Scholar
  6. Rauber-Kopsch: Textbook and Atlas of Anatomy, Vol. I, p. 529. Leipzig 1940.Google Scholar
  7. Rauber-Kopsch: Textbook and Atlas of Anatomy, Vol. I, p. 529. Leipzig 1940.Google Scholar
  8. This is why the French authors differentiate a M. cérato-glosse from the large horn and a M. basio-glosse from the body (Sappey, Ph. C .: Traité d'Anatomie descriptive, Vol. II, p. 159, Paris 1876). Google Scholar
  9. Sappey, Ph. C .: Traité d’Anatomie descriptive, Vol. II, p. 159. Paris 1876.Google Scholar
  10. M. cératoglosse accessoire according to Sappey, Ph. C .: Traité d’Anatomie descriptive, Vol. II, p. 159. Paris 1876.Google Scholar
  11. M. chondro-glosse after Sappey, Ph. C .: Traité d’Anatomie descriptive, Vol. II, p. 161. Paris 1876.Google Scholar
  12. Treves-Keith: Chirurgische Anatomie, p. 126. Berlin 1914.Google Scholar
  13. Using F. Graf Spee, Handbuch der Anatomie, Vol. I, p. 292, fig. 81, and Poirier-Charpy, Traité d'anatomie, Vol. I, p. 523, fig. 551, Paris 1899. Google Scholar
  14. Using F. Graf Spee, Handbuch der Anatomie, Vol. I, p. 292, fig. 81, and Poirier-Charpy, Traité d'anatomie, Vol. I, p. 523, fig. 551, Paris 1899. Google Scholar
  15. Face buccal. Poirier-Charpy: Traité d’Anatomie humaine, Vol. I, p. 522. Paris 1899. Google Scholar
  16. Outlines of the lower jaw from the newborn. (Otherwise after H. Gray, Anatomy descriptive and applied, Fig. 364, p. 283, London, New York and Toronto 1932.) Google Scholar
  17. Face cervicale. Poirier-Charpy: Traité d’Anatomie humaine, Vol. I, p. 523. Paris 1899. Google Scholar
  18. See also Testut-Jacob: Traité d’Anatomie topographique, Vol. I, Fig. 201, p. 282. Paris 1921; Frontal section through the floor of the mouth of a human embryo 26 cm SS length.Google Scholar
  19. Toldt, C .: The anterior abdomen of the digastricus mandibulae muscle and its varieties in humans. Seating area Akad. Wiss. Vienna, Math.-Naturwiss. KL, Dept. III 116 (1907); 117 (1908). Google Scholar
  20. Juvara, E .: Guide for surgical anatomy, p. 226. Berlin 1899.Google Scholar
  21. Bardeleben, K., and H. Haeckel: Textbook of the topographical anatomy of humans, Fig. 60. Jena 1908Google Scholar
  22. Gegen-baur, C .: Textbook of Human Anatomy, Vol. II, S. 380. Leipzig 1899.Google Scholar
  23. Eisler, P .: The muscles of the trunk, S. 277. Jena 1912. Google Scholar
  24. Morestin, H .: Anomalies du muscle digastrique. Bull. Soc. Anat. Paris 1894.Google Scholar
  25. Benninghoff, A .: Textbook of Human Anatomy, Vol. I, p. 493. Munich and Berlin 1939. Google Scholar
  26. Bardeleben, K., and H. Haeckel: Textbook of the topographical anatomy of humans, Fig. 60. Jena 1908. - Ruffini, A .: Arch. Ital. Anat. E Embriol. 8 (1903). Google Scholar
  27. Sappey, Ph. C .: Traité d’Anatomie descriptive, Vol. II, p. 152. Paris 1876.Google Scholar
  28. Sappey, Ph. C .: Traité d’Anatomie descriptive, Vol. II, p. 153. Paris 1876.Google Scholar
  29. Gegenbaur, C .: Textbook of Human Anatomy, Vol. II, S. 380. Leipzig 1899Google Scholar
  30. Holl, M .: Sitzgsber. Akad. Wiss. Vienna. Math.-natural sciences Kl. 124/125, 27-95 (1916). Google Scholar
  31. According to A. Bovero: Intorno di muscoli digastrici dell’osso ioide. Monit. zool. ital. 6 (1895)] in about 27% with adults, according to S. Bianchi (Varieta muscolari. Sperimentale 1885 and 1886) in 36% with the inclusion of children and adults. C. Toldt [The anterior abdomen of the digastricus mandibulae and its varieties in man. Seating area Akad. Wiss. Vienna, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Dept. III 116 (1907)], W. F. Bijvoet [On the comparative morphology of the digastricus mandibulae muscle in mammals. Z. Morph, & Anthrop. 11, 249-316 (1908)] Google Scholar
  32. M. Holl [seat council. Akad. Wiss. Vienna, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 124/125, 27-95 (1916)] have discussed them in a summarizing and comparative-anatomical way.Google Scholar
  33. Bovero, A .: Monit. zool. ital. 6 (1895). Google Scholar
  34. Macalister, A .: J. Anat. A. Physiol. 5 (1871). Google Scholar
  35. Wood, J .: Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. 15 (1866); 16 (1867). Google Scholar
  36. Rattber-Kopsch: Textbook and Atlas of Human Anatomy, Vol. I, p. 528. Leipzig 1939.Google Scholar
  37. Walsham, W. J .: Anatomical variations, St. Bartholomeus Hospital Reports 16 (1880). Double, A.F. le: Bull. Soc. d’Anthropol. Paris, Ser. IV, 41893) Bovero, A .: Monit, zool. Ital. 6 (1895). Google Scholar
  38. Testut, L .: Traité d’Anatomie humaine. Paris 1891. - Double, A. F. le: Bull. Soc. d’Anthropol. Paris, Ser. IV, 4 (1893). Google Scholar
  39. McWhinnie, A.M .: London Med. Gaz., N.F. 2 (1846). Google Scholar
  40. Testut, L .: Traité d’Anatomie humaine. Paris 1891. - Double, A. F. le: Bull. Soc. d’Anthropol. Paris, Ser. IV 4 (1893). Google Scholar
  41. Eisler, P .: The muscles of the trunk, p. 279. Jena 1912.Google Scholar
  42. Macalister, A .: J. Anat. A. Physiol. 5 (1871). - Wagner, R .: Heusinger's Z. d. org. physics 3 (1833). - Schwegl: Sitzgsber. Akad. Wiss. Vienna, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 34 (1859). - Bianchi, S .: Sperimentale 1885 and 1886. Google Scholar
  43. Eisler, P .: The muscles of the trunk, p. 279. Jena 1912.Google Scholar
  44. Benninghoff, A .: Textbook of Human Anatomy, Volume I, p. 493. Munich and Berlin 1939. M. Holl [Sitzgsber. Akad. Wiss. Vienna, Math.-Naturwiss. KL, Dept. III 124/125, 27–95 (1916)] on the different regression of the superficial and deep layers that make up the mandibular vein.Google Scholar
  45. So remember a primitive state (Gegenbaur, C .: Textbook of Anatomy desMenschen, Vol. II, p. 380. Leipzig 1899) .Google Scholar
  46. Toldt, C .: Sitzgsber. Akad. Wiss. Vienna, Math.-Naturwiss. KL, Dept. III 116 (1907); 117 (1908). - Bois-Reymond, R. du: Anat. Num. 9, 451-454 (1894). Google Scholar
  47. Benninghoff, A .: Textbook of Human Anatomy, Vol. I, p. 493. Munich and Berlin 1939. Google Scholar
  48. Rauber-Kopsch: Textbook and Atlas of Anatomy, Vol. I, p. 528. Leipzig 1940.Google Scholar
  49. Davies-Colley, Taylor and Dalton: Guy's Hosp. Rep., Ser. III 18 (1872/73). Google Scholar
  50. Bankart, Pye-Smith and Phillips: Guy’s Hosp. Rep. Ser. III 14 (1868). - Eisler, P .: The muscles of the trunk, p. 277. Jena 1912. Google Scholar
  51. Poirier-Charpy: Traité d’Anatomie humaine, Vol. III, p. 389. Paris 1902. Google Scholar
  52. Caudal Sappey, Ph. C .: Traité d’Anatomie descriptive, Vol. II, p. 153. Paris 1876.Google Scholar
  53. Benninghoff, A .: Textbook of Human Anatomy, Vol. I, p. 493. Munich and Berlin 1939. Google Scholar
  54. Poirier-Charpy: Traité d’Anatomie humaine, vol. II, p. 390. Paris 1901. Google Scholar
  55. Once in 305 cases. Hallett, C. H .: Edinburgh Med. A. Surg. J. 69 (1848). - Double, A. E. le: Bull. Soc. d’Anathropol. Paris, Ser. IV 4 (1893). Google Scholar
  56. Benninghoff, A .: Textbook of Human Anatomy, Vol. I, p. 493. Munich and Berlin 1939. Google Scholar
  57. Eisler, P .: The muscles of the trunk, p. 285. Jena 1912.Google Scholar
  58. Hyrtl, J .: Textbook of Human Anatomy. Vienna 1882. 1 Douglas Kenneth, M .: J. Anat. A. Physiol. 24 (1890). - Santorini, J. D .: Venetiis 1724. - M. stylohyoidie profond. Sappey, Ph. C .: Traité d’Anatomie descriptive, Vol. II, p. 155. Paris 1876. - Ribet et Lagrot: Ann. d’Anat. path. 3, 1015 to 1016 (1926). Google Scholar
  59. Gegenbaur, C .: Textbook of Human Anatomy, Vol. I, p. 381. Leipzig 1899. Google Scholar
  60. Eisler, P .: The muscles of the trunk, p. 286. Jena 1912. Google Scholar
  61. Rauber-Kopsch: Textbook and Atlas of Anatomy, Vol. I, p. 529. Leipzig 1940.Google Scholar
  62. Schulze-Lubosch: Topographische Anatomie, 4th ed., P. 147. Munich 1935Google Scholar
  63. Treves-Keith: Chirurgische Anatomie, S. 117. Berlin 1914.Google Scholar
  64. Sappey, Ph. C .: Traité d’Anatomie descriptive, Vol. I, p. 266. Paris 1876Google Scholar
  65. Delon, J .: Ann. d’Anat. path. 4, 445-448 (1927). Google Scholar
  66. Ribet et Lagrot: Ann. d’Anat. path. 3, 1014-1015 (1926). Google Scholar
  67. Based on Ph. Sappey, Traité d’Anatomie descriptive, Vol. I, Fig. 80, p. 266, Paris 1876.Google Scholar
  68. Based on Ph. Sappey, Traité d’Anatomie descriptive, Vol. I, Fig. 81, Paris 1876.Google Scholar
  69. In agreement with the hyoid apparatus of most mammals. Gegenbaur, C .: Textbook of Human Anatomy, Vol. II, p. 495. Leipzig 1899Google Scholar
  70. Sappey, Ph. C .: Traité d’Anatomie descriptive, Vol. I, p. 266. Paris 1876.Google Scholar
  71. For the muscle borrowed from Fallopia, Observationes anat. Cap. de auricularum musculis because of its space-defining width from the Orbasius πλάτυσμα μυῶδης (πλατύς wide). According to Hyrtl, J .: Onomatologia anatomica, p. 412. Vienna 1880.Google Scholar
  72. Merkel, Fr .: Handbook of topographical anatomy, vol. II, p. 24. Braunschweig 1899. - Foltz, M .: Gaz. méd. Paris 1852, 481. Google Scholar
  73. Bardeleben, K .: Sitzgsber. Jena. Ges. Med. Und Naturwiss. 1879.Google Scholar
  74. Eisler, P .: The muscles of the trunk, p. 107. Jena 1912.Google Scholar
  75. Foerster, O., in Bumke and Foerster's Handbook of Neurology, Erg.-Bd. II, p. 788, Berlin 1929, reports that he had repeatedly observed complete paralysis of the platysma in the uppermost cervical medulla, i.e. that in these cases the facial nerve was not involved in the innervation of the muscle at all. In several cases in which he cut the first to fourth anterior cervical roots because of caput obstipum, the platysma on the corresponding side showed a noticeable paresis and reduced electrical excitability. On the other hand, in one case of surgically proven total separation of the facial nerve, the platysma was not completely paralyzed and faradically excitable.Google Scholar
  76. Macalister, A .: J. Anat. A. Physiol. 5 (1871). - Double, A. F. le: Bull. Soc. d’Anthropol. Paris, Ser. IV, 4 (1893). Google Scholar
  77. Double, A.F. le: Bull. Soc. d’Anthropol. Paris, Ser. IV, 4 (1893). - Eisler, P .: The muscles of the trunk, p. 108. Jena 1912. Google Scholar
  78. Eisler, P .: The muscles of the trunk, p. 108. Jena 1912.Google Scholar
  79. Sömmering, S. Th. V .: On the structure of the human body. Frankfurt 1791–1796. - Theile, Fr. W .: The theory of the muscles. In S. Th. V. Sömmering, On the Structure of the Human Body, Vol. III / 1. Leipzig 1841. Google Scholar
  80. Macalister, A .: J. Anat. A. Physiol. 5 (1871). - Chudzinski, T .: Quelques observations sur les muscles peauciers du crâne et de la face dans les races humaines. Paris 1896.Google Scholar
  81. Macalister, A .: J. Anat. A. Physiol. 5 (1871). - Ruge, G .: Morph. Jb. 41 708-724 (1910). - Schmidt, W .: Arch. F. Anat. 1894, 269-292. Google Scholar
  82. Chudzinski, T .: Quelques observations sur les muscles peauciers du crâne et de la face dans les races humaines. Paris 1896.Google Scholar
  83. Eisler, P .: The muscles of the trunk, p. 108. Jena 1912.Google Scholar
  84. Schmidt, W .: Arch. F. Anat. 1894, 269-292. Google Scholar
  85. With a Cameroonian. Lanz, T. v .: Z. Morph, and Anthrop. 22, 373 and Fig. 1 (1922). Google Scholar
  86. Ruge, G .: Investigations into the facial muscles of primates. Leipzig 1887. Google Scholar
  87. Macalister, A .: J. Anat. A. Physiol. 5 (1871). - Chudzinski, T .: Quelques observations sur les muscles peauciers du crâne et de la face dans les races humaines. Paris 1896. Double, A. E. le: Bull. Soc. d’Anthropol. Paris, Ser. IV, 4 (1893). Google Scholar
  88. W. Schmidt (Arch. F. Anat. 1894, 269–292) found transitions of platysma and triangular fibers 16 times out of 34 cases examined, including 9 times on both sides.Google Scholar
  89. Eisler, P .: The muscles of the trunk, p. 109. Jena 1912Google Scholar
  90. Miyake, H .: Fol. Anat. yep 3, 139 (1925). Google Scholar
  91. Compiled by Eisler, P .: The muscles of the trunk, p. 109. Jena 1912.Google Scholar

I. The lower jaw triangle, submandibular trigonum. 2. Submandibular gland, mandibular gland and glandular chamber

  1. The submaxillary gland “hugs” the posterior border of the mylohyoid muscle with its sublingual process. Testitt-Jacob: Traité d’Anatomie topographique, Vol. I, p. 650. Paris 1929. Google Scholar
  2. 6–8 mm beyond the intermediate tendon. Testitt- Jacob: Traité d’Anatomie topographique, Vol. I, p. 665. Paris 1929. Google Scholar
  3. 7-8g. Testitt-Jacob: Traité d’Anatomie topographique, Vol. I, p. 665. Paris 1929. Google Scholar
  4. Prolongement antérieur. Poirier-Charpy: Traité d’Anatomie humaine, Vol. IV / 3, p. 679. Paris 1900Google Scholar
  5. Testitt-Jacob: Traité d’Anatomie topographique, Vol. I, p. 650. Paris 1929. Google Scholar
  6. Glandula salivalis interna. H. Meyer, after Poirier-Charpy, Traite d’Anatomie humaine, Vol. IV / 3, p. 679. Paris 1900.Google Scholar
  7. Prolongement postérieur. Sappey, Ph. C .: Traité d’Anatomie descriptive, Vol. IV, p. 88. Paris 1879. Google Scholar
  8. Poirier-Charpy: Traite d'Anatomie humaine, Vol. IV / 3. P.679. Paris 1900.Google Scholar
  9. Henle, J .: Handbook of the systematic anatomy of humans, Vol. II, p. 143 and Fig. 95.Braunschweig 1866. - Nitot: Arch, de Physiol. 1889, 374. Google Scholar
  10. Gruber, W .: Arch. Path. Anat. 9, 102 (1887).The superficial neck fascia was normally developed in the submandibular area; the glandular chamber, however, contained only fat and lymph nodes.Google Scholar
  11. So far only one case described by Turner: J. of Anat. 4, 147 (1869). Google Scholar
  12. Braus, H., and C. Elze: Die Anatomie des Menschen, Vol. II, p. 68 and p. 69. Berlin 1934.Google Scholar
  13. Clara, M .: The history of human development, p. 303. Leipzig 1940.Google Scholar
  14. Clara, M .: History of Human Development, p. 304. Leipzig 1940.