When was Venice built?

Venice, how history was built. Venice is built on heaps of larch trees? Cafes and restaurants Venice

Venice city on the water. Throughout the 20th century, Venice dipped rapidly (up to 5mm per year) into the lagoon. The main premise, according to the scientists of this disaster, was an industrial water fence from artsien Wells and, as a result, a decrease in the Earth's aquifer. After Wells closed, the city slowed down. But has Venice always been such an island city? Let's try to explore this question ...


Venice plan, XVI century. Immediately the question arises: Who made the residents build their homes and settle on the water? The city stands on the pile that drove into the bottom of the lagoon, keeps at home, whose 1st floors are empty - it is not unrealistic to live because of moisture. What was the motivation behind the people?

The official story explains that the urban settlement on the islands of the Venetian lagoon was created in the second half of the 6th century. Initially, the settlement center was on the islands of Malayokko and Torchello, but from the 8th century to move to its modern position. In the vii century, on the initiative of the Byzantium, to which they formally belonged, the islands were combined under the rule of the unitary ruler - a dog.

Absolutely everyone heard of Venice and represented it to themselves:


Instead of country roads and roads - canals

But few people watched this territory from the height of the Google Planet program. Country. And it opens up very interesting details. This post will not address how much the description and mysteries of the city itself, how much of its surroundings (lagoon and shore).


shortcut
I see a clear picture of coast mainland and flooded by sea continental territory. It could happen when the level of the Mediterranean was taken up (Gibraltar breakthrough, water filling Atlantic Ocean) or lower this part of mainland sushi. And maybe a lot of complex processes with derivatives of these factors.


South of the island city are visible to the river beds. The whole lagoon is shallow, I think, almost like the depths of the Gulf of Finland. And here you can even spend a certain analogy with Peter.


Farvater for small ships


Underwater, either flooded canals or the streets are visible. But I think first. Canals and rivers in ancient times were the main transport arteries.


Here the old fields are visible in shallow water, then the foundation of fences. shortcut


Shortcut. From the open sea side to each waveleauz, the underwater canal (dredging) and all waversesses (and pier for one) are connected into a single system. Also wide, but the slope of the canal depth is also with the inside from the side of the lagoon.


These are such shutters


The canal that connects the pier is not used now because it rests on a modern port structure and has no exit to the sea.


View from the top.


In the lagoon, where it is very fine, there are beacons on piles of wood


The presence of algae in some parts of the lagoon speaks of a completely small depth. 45 ° 17 "42.64" N 12 ° 16 "19.46" E.


Shallow water. 45 ° 30 "12.45" N 12 ° 21 "30.00" E.


I have associations alone - are the islands, the remains of the flooded territories


Island city Venice from above


From up on it looks like anything but sushi residue when flooded


Automobile and railroad services go to town


From the mainland, here are such "creeks". Maybe the fish is bred here, I'm not sure, but it looks creative. 45 ° 20 "51.16" N 12 ° 9 "47.47" E.

Part of the mainland even has straight canals:


shortcut


45 ° 23 "58.33" N 12 ° 12 "53.05" E.


There are many such small islands in the lagoon. 45 ° 28 "17.03" N 12 ° 20 "38.52" E.


Coordinates: 45 ° 23 "1.81" N 12 ° 17 "10.10" E. There is a pavement in one of the islands in the lagoon. Apparently the island was inhabited in the past and there were buildings.


There are many such deserted islands here. 45 ° 28 "4.80" n 12 ° 20 "44.40" E.

There is even a fortress star on the mainland:


Shortcut. Fort Marghera.


The remains of another "star". shortcut


As you watch the city, the thought comes that the streets are simply flooded. No these channels. The first floors, and partly the second - remained under water.


Central, wide canal (flooded view)


For movement on foot, many bridges have been built from home from home

Not to write, but it would be stupid to build on the water. Used piles. Often from the Siberian larch, which speaks of close ties with Siberia, which is strange. To score then (yes, and now)


After prolonged and heavy rains, Venezia-Thema emerges, sometimes water arrives for an entire meter


After looking at and analyzing all this photography and Google card recordings, I had this conclusion: the entire territory was still in historical time, there were settlements, the fields were Venice, but not as a city on water and that Maximum city near the bank rivers. After what happened (it was a slow process or spontaneous and catastrophic - unknown), residents do not leave the city and move where caution moved and adapt to new conditions, do not leave their city.
The fact that the city was on the river I think can even tell this photo:


Farvater can skip big ship with decent displacement.

In the first part, the video shows that in the area of ​​the drained canal street houses stand on the foundations, and not on the piles. So - Venice, first of all an island. Only then is something finished, repaired with stakes.

Venice (Italy) - the best accurate information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Venice with a description, guides and maps.

City of Venice (Italy)

Venice is a city in northeast Italy, the capital of the province of Veneto. It is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the most unique and famous cities on the planet, historical center that is built on 118 islands of the Venetian lagoon. Venice is breathtaking, fabulous, romantic. More than 20 million tourists come here to look at the charming canals, elegant architecture and bridges, ride in the gondolas and listen to the songs of the gondolas, walk in San Marco and take a photo of the Rialto Bridge, taste local cuisine and feel the Venetian atmosphere. Venice is a city that hums like a tightened beehive every day, and in the evening it freezes in this place that changed outward in the 6th centuries and where there are no cars at all.

Venice is located in the water area Adriatic Sea. Almost in our latitude Krasnodar region .. The historical center is on the set of islands, separated by the canals and the connected bridges, which is called as "Sestieri". It includes the regions of Cannaregio, Castello, Dorsoduro, San Polo, Santa Croce and San Marco, where there are great monuments and places of interest. Of other islands in the Venetian Lagoon, Murano, Torchello, San Francesco del Dessert and Burano should be highlighted. The architecture of Venice is a particular architectural style known as Venetian. Most of the monuments of architecture and culture were erected between the 12th and 16th centuries. Interestingly, most of Venice's historical buildings are built on stilts made from alpine larch, which does not rot in water.

Venetian Grand Canal

Geography and climate

Venice is located on 118 islands of the Venetian Adriatic lagoon. The islands are separated by 150 canals and connect 400 bridges. The city is a big seaside resort and one of the largest Italian seaports.


Venice is located in the zone of the subtropical climate. Summer is more fried, winter is soft. Frost and snow in winter are rare. Although in the cold season here it is quite zyabko because of the proximity of the sea. As a result, the hill wave in Venice is often flooded.

Unfortunately, this unique city is gradually being submerged underwater. 4-5 mm per year. Only for the 20th century did Venice go under water to more than 8 inches. After a few decades, it can become unsuitable for life. While the project to save Venice "mose", which provides for the construction of a dam in the city, this situation has not substantially corrected this situation.

Practical information

  1. Population - 264.6 thousand people.
  2. Area - 414.6 square kilometers.
  3. Language - Italian.
  4. Currency - Euro.
  5. Time - Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
  6. VISA - Schengen.
  7. Restaurants work from 12:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. Shops from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m.
  8. The tourist tax ranges from 3.50 to 5 euros per person.

Best time visit

The worst times to visit is the time of Carnival (very expensive and lots of people) and the rainy time of late autumn and winter (cold, windy and humid). It can be quite hot in summer. Most. better time to get acquainted with Venice is spring and autumn.


Gondola - traditional Venetian vehicle

history

During the time of the Roman Empire in antiquity, the Venetov tribes lived here, who gave the name of the future city and province. People began to settle near the Venetian lagoon and flee the barbarian raids. City accounting It began to form in the 6th to 7th centuries. Initially it was located on the islands of Malayokko and Torchello and belonged to Byzantium. In the 7th century, the settlements of the Venetian lagoon were, in fact, united under the rule of the head of state. Dudge was chosen from rich and influential families for a lifetime. For all the time of existence Venetian Republic. More than 100 guards were elected.


In the 9th century, Venice began to grow rapidly in importance and influence. The relics were brought here in 828. Stolen Mark in Alexandria. St. Mark is a holy patron saint of the city. Interestingly, the Venice Republic was a unique state education. There was practically no vasalitet here, and it was not forbidden to assign yourself to a recipient.

The Venice Republic was one of the most powerful states in Europe from the 12th to 15th centuries. The prerequisite for this was the defeat of the Crusaders of Constantinople in 1204. The republic became the main link between east and west. Until 1300 Venice was the richest city on the European continent.


In the 15th century, the expansion of the Turks and the subsequent realignment of trade routes towards the Atlantic undermined the economic and trading power of the city. The powerful republic stopped. Venice was conquered by Napoleon at the end of the 18th century. After a while it was part of the Habsburg property until it became part of Italy in 1866.

How do you get

Venice has. Marco Polo international airport, which is located near Mestre (actually a suburb of Venice). You can take the bus from the airport to Piazzale Roma. Railway station It has a communication with Milan, Trieste, Verona, Rome and the rest of Italy. Cruise ships and yachts usually arrive at Stazione Marittima. Trains from the mainland pass through Mestre to Venice train station in Santa Lucia on the western side. Warning - do not confuse it with the Venice Mestre side, which is the last stop on the mainland. Direct trains in Venice go with Munich, Paris, Vienna, Budapest, Zagreb.


The main means of transport in Venice and its islands are vaporretto and water taxis. Vaporetto is the most economical way of moving. It is better to buy a day ticket to go to Murano island and Burano. Landing on the vaporetto is made at special stations. To cross the great canal, you can use tragetto. These are publicly available gondolas managed by two Gondollara. There is only one passage for only 2 euros per person (only cash is accepted).


Gondolas are one of the main attractions of Venice. These boats have historically been the main means of transport through the streets. Now they are used to entertain tourists. Manage gondolas - Gondollara. This is a very prestigious and profitable profession where it is practically unreal to get people from the outside. The state maintains strict accounting of gondola lifts. Their number is regulated - 425 people. At the same time, this profession is usually transferred from father to son. The cost of walking in Venice on the gondola is around 80 euros.

Shopping and shopping.

Venice has always been a city of merchants. As a result, most Venetians still own or work in the shop. Be careful when buying souvenirs and goods. A huge tourist outflow does not always guarantee high quality.


Saves work from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. and later. Buy in Venice: antiques, leather products, shoes, scarves, jewelry, books, Murano glass, carnival masks and costumes. Branded stores are located in the area around San Marco Square. Typical tourist pitfalls: "Color paste" and "Venetian Limoncello" are not Italian cuisine. No Italian will never buy it.

to eat and drink

Venice is famous for beautiful restaurants, but it is generally accepted that Italian cuisine is not the best here, and Venetian pizza is traditionally worse in Italy. Here we recommend trying the flight, risotto with karacatic sauce, fish dishes, pasta. Be careful if the restaurant price menu is based on the dishes (usually "Etto", abbreviated to "/ hg").

Tourist Attractions

Venice is full of tourist attractions, historical and cultural monuments: squares and bridges, churches and historical buildings will not leave anyone indifferent.


Venice's heart, the most famous and beautiful area. Napoleon called San Marco "The most elegant living room in Europe". Here are famous landmarks, expensive shops, and oldest cafes. It was gone by the Venetian friends, Marco Polo, and the famous cafe was coil in the cafe.


In particular one of the most important landmarks of Venice and the Piazza San Marco. This is the tallest city building, the height of which is 98.5 meters. The current bell tower is St. Mark's from 1912. The original 12th century building collapsed in 1902. At the beginning of the 9th century, the bell tower served as a watchtower and lighthouse. For 8 euros you can admire the panorama of the city from almost 100 meters.


St. Mark's Cathedral is the most important religious building in Venice. The old church in the Byzantine style that can seldom touch Western Europe. This is where the relics are stored. Mark (apostle and evangelist) and valuable works of art exported from Constantinople. The relics were stolen from Saracins by Venetian traders in the 9th century. From that time the symbol of Venice was the winged lion. The Basilica of San Marco until 1807 was the court of the Doge's Church. The first basilica was built in 829 and burned in 976 during an uprising against the physicist Dudge Candiano IV. Some researchers believe that the power of St. is during the fire. The mark was lost. The current basilica was completed in the 11th century. It is built in the shape of the Greek cross. The interior is richly decorated with mosaic and many varieties of marble.


The Doge Palace is a symbol of San Marco, a masterpiece of Gothic Art and the center of power of the Venetian Republic. The Doge's Palace consists of three large parts: the wing to the San Marco Basin, in which the Hall of the Council is located (is the oldest part of the building), wing to San Marco Square (formerly the Palace of Justice) and the Renaissance wing, in which was the mid-residence.


The Hour Tower is the 15th century historic building with an early revival style clock. The tower is located in the northern part of St. Mark so that the clock can be seen from the Venetian lagoon. The lower floor of the tower forms the arch that leads to the main Venice - Merperia road, which connects San Marco and Rialto. The top of the tower is decorated with two bronze statues "Mavrov", drowning in the bell. Bully below is the sculpture of the winged lion with an open book. Previously there was a dog statue nearby, which was removed by the French in the late 18th century. The floor below is a copper statue of the Virgin Mary with a baby. The clock is located above the arch and represents a large dial with Roman numerals.


Grand Canal

The Grand Canal or canal is the main waterway in Venice, dividing the city on both sides. Its length is a little less than 4 km. Interestingly, Venice is similar to fish. And the large line of channels is reminiscent of the letter "S". This aquatic artery was the center of the revitalized Venetian life and trade from the Middle Ages. On the perimeter of the Grand Canal you can see the buildings and palaces from 12-16.Admire centuries in which the richest and most influential Venetians lived. The great canal rests on the San Marco square of the beautiful panorama of the lagoon. Through him, 4 bridges permanently, the most beautiful and well-known whose Rialto is.


Rialto is one of the symbols of Venice, the first bridge over the Grand Canal. At first it was wooden and allowed ships to approach San Marco. Only in 1588 Rialto was rebuilt and lined with a white marble, which is here is called, called Istrian stone. The bridge is 22 meters wide and 48 meters long. It is a unique arcade, 7.5 meters high, topped with several smaller arcades that intersect three parallel flights of stairs. The Rialto district is known for its famous market, which is open every day except Sunday.


Santa Maria della Salute Cathedral is the symbol of Dorsooduro and one of the architectural dominants of the Great Canal. This church was built by the Venetians in gratitude to get rid of the plague in 1630. From this point on, on November 21, the city celebrates the celebration of Madonna della greetings. Venetians build a floating bridge of boats from San Marco Square to the church. The central part of the church has an octagonal shape over which is a large hemispherical dome towers. Six small chapels are built around it. The central part is connected with the south side presbytering crowned with a smaller dome and a bell tower.


Murano - famous island stained glass window, one of the most famous islands in Venetian lagoon. Well, if you buy Murano glass, it's here. Glass factories and masters were moved here in the 13th century to secure Venice from fire and to store the secrets of production.

Until 1171 the island was part of the Santa Croce district. In 1275, the Muranian masters were presented with broad rights. They could make their laws and even print coins.


Burano - one of the islands of the Venetian Lagoon, known for its colorful houses, lace and culinary traditions. The first houses on the island of Burano were built at the beginning of the 11th century. Colored houses began to pretend that fishermen could tell their home in the fog. This tradition is the most important "China" Burano, which attracts many tourists.


The center of the island is the district of the Church of San Martino and the square of Baldassar Gaulped. San Martino is the only church on the island. It is known that its bell tower is tilted from the axis by several degrees.


Popular landmark in Venice that is not at all bridge and the passage that connects the Doge's palace and the prison. It was built from white marble at the beginning of the 17th century.


The academic bridge is the newest of the bridges across the GRAND CANAL. It was built in the middle of the 19th century during the possession of Venice by the Habsburgs. Rebuilt in 1933.

Other attractions and monuments of Venice


Ca "rezzonico.

Ca "Rezzonico - one of the few palaces of the Grand Channers open to visit. Here is the 18th century museum with paintings and frescoes from other palaces. The building was built in 1667 and in 1702 was cashed in by a dealer from Genui - Renceniciko. Gengio's Ballroom-Massari is the most famous room in the palace, it has been restored with beautiful chandeliers, sculptures and frescoes on the second floor, while on the second floor there is a painting room by Pietro Lang (representing the everyday life of the Venetians).


Campo-Santa Margherita is an area in the historic district of Dorsoduro. Here you can enjoy the real Venetian atmosphere: architecture of the 14-15th centuries. Century, small shops, bars, restaurants, a tiny fish market and a street market. On the opposite side is the famous bridge "Ponte dei Pugni", which connects Campo Santa Margherita with Campo San Barnaba.


Renricter - The 16th century church on Judecca Island, built by the Palladio Project. The facade of the building is made of white marble.


San George Maggiore Island on the opposite side of the GRAND CANALs lagoon across from San Marco Square. Island for a long time belonged to an influential Venetian family memmo. On the island there is an old monastery founded in the 10th century, the church on the Palladio project, the belfry of the late 18th century and much more interesting. In addition, a beautiful panorama of San Marco opens up from the island.


Church of San Sebastiano - The 16th century Renaissance style church in the Abbedi project. The interior is decorated with frescoes by Paolo Veronese from the 16th century. The church can be considered almost the workshop of Veronese and is considered a masterpiece of Venetian art. This cultural monument is practically unknown to the tourist.


Santa Maria Dei Carmini Church - church in the Dorsoduro District near Santa Margherita Square. The church was founded in the 13th century and rebuilt in the Renaissance style in 1500. Presbytery and side chapel were built by Sebastiano Mariani between 1506 and 1514. On the left there is a beautiful Gothic portal and Giuseppe Sardi bell tower topped with the statue of Madonna del Carmin.


The Church of San Gakomo di Rialto is one of the oldest churches in Venice (and possibly the oldest). It was built in the Rialto neighborhood in 421. The church is usually called Chiiesa di San Giacometto (translated as "Little Jacomo") due to its small size compared to other religious buildings in the city.


The Church of San Jeremiah - is located in the Cannaregio district, just a few minutes' walk from the Santa Lucia train station. The facade of the church faces the great canal. Saint Lucia from Syracuse rests here.

The San Symneone Piccolo Church is located in the Santa Croce area of ​​the Grand Canal Kai. The church was built in 1738 by Giovanni Antonio Scalfarotto in the neoclassic style. The architect was obviously inspired by the Roman pantheon. It is the only church in Venice where services still persist in Latin. The dome is shaped like an oval bowl. It is covered with lead plates and visually increases the height of the building. Interestingly, the church has an underground crypt that is not fully explored.


Fondaco de-Tedeski - Palace on the Grand Canal near Rialto Bridge. It was built in the first half of the 13th century. Now here is the museum of natural history.


The Church of San Zan-Dgola - is located in one of the quietest corners of the city, far from popular routes And the crowd of tourists between San Jacomo-Dall-Orio and Fondaco dei-Turchi in the neighborhood of the Sister di Santa Croce. Here it seems that time has frozen on the border with the past: there are practically no shops, people with cameras and smartphones. The church is very old. Mention it at the time of the 11th century. Now part of the Russian Orthodox community.


Tolentini Church - is in the Santa Croce Sester neighborhood, opposite the square of the same name. The church was built in the early 17th century. Francesco Morosini is buried here.


Pesaro is one of the most beautiful baroque palaces in Venice. The palace was built in 1710. The majestic beauty of the baroque facade decorated with various statues surpasses the beauty of the interior indoors. Unfortunately, most of the jewelry was destroyed or damaged. There are only a few frescoes.


Frari - 15th century Franciscan church. The bell tower of the church is the second height after San Marco. The interior is extensive and rich in works of the art of Titian.


Campo San Polo is a square in a di-di-san district, the second largest in Venice after San Marco.


Camera Palace - Palace of an unusual pentagonal shape on the Rialto Bridge. The 16th century was built. The facade is lined with marble.


The arsenal from the early 12th century was the heart of Venetian shipbuilding. This huge production complex was built to equip the ships and was one of the largest industries in Europe at the time. Now there is a maritime historical museum.


Skolon Grande di San Marco is the historical building of the 13th century in the Renaissance style, the residence of one of the 6 largest Venetian skol (guilds).


Jewish Ghetto is in the Kannaregio quarter and was founded in 1500. Ghetto district has. high buildings and low ceilings because Jews are not allowed to learn otherwise. There are five synagogues here depicting various Jewish ethnic groups who have lived in Venice for 5 centuries.

Palazzo Contarini del Bovolo is the Gothic palace with a beautiful spiral staircase. The Venetian family von Contarini was built in the 15th century.


Ka d'oro.

Ka-d'oro Odi Palace Saint Sophia is one of the most notable examples of Venetian Gothic and one of the most elegant historical buildings of Venice in the Cannaregio region on the Grand Channel. The palace was built in the 15th century. Now there is a gallery by Franceti.

Masterpiece in nightmare conditions

From elegant Florence, the city of artists and poets, where we attended the previous virtual tour. Together with our guide, Oleg Vakhramov, we move to northern Italy. The city of merchants, travelers, adventurers and brilliant builders, created against all that is one of the wonders of the world - this seems to be Venice.

The impetus for creating masterpieces is sometimes hopelessness. Venice dates back to the V-Vi-VI centuries when barbarians rose from the east and devastated the once majestic Roman Empire. People flee almost nowhere - in the Adriatic lagoon, on the islands that have gradually joined the hills, "says Oleg Wahramov.

Even the modern builder is scary to imagine what nightmare conditions await those who have decided to build an enclosure here. A sharp sea wind, aggressive salted water, tides and rivers that destroy everything that has been created by a person.

I am in love with this city that has invested so much melting and titanic permanent learning is Oleg Wahramov. - If today builders build unique structures on complex floors - this is just a pale shadow of what was done in Venice many centuries ago.

Profit - to the city

One of Venice's nicknames is La Serenissima, which means "Serene". Paradoxically, given that most of the population was people of a hectic camp. In order to survive, the ships were built, the soldiers of the sea were built, and the trade was established, and sometimes what sin that should have pirrurated. Hard geography was paid to the advantage: Venice became a serious transport hub in Europe and therefore rich, as if on yeast. And the spirit of adventurism stayed "at work", and at home I wanted peace, stability and reliability.

Good money always gives good opportunity, and the spirit of adventurism and a passion for travel - lots of useful things that can be useful at home. The Venetians built their city without capturing the best materials and technologies from other countries. For example, on those piles on which houses are made of Siberian larch, in water, without air access it becomes stronger than iron. But a lot had to invent itself: the special compositions of cement, gypsum, resistant to the aggressive medium. Wealth gave the opportunity to build and develop, to connect neighboring islands, "says Oleg Wahramov.

From different seats.In what travelers and traders were borrowed and architectural forms and do not regret that the money was earned to rebuild the house or palace more than that of the neighbor. Venice became colorful as a patchwork, but this variety balanced features of the terrain. They did not allow large buildings, over five floors, mainly 2-3, to reduce the load on the foundation. To protect yourself from the wind, there were narrow windows, stroke arches, arched entrances. The high cost of the earth limited the width of the roads of the "land": on some two people can collapse. And the largest room in the city - San Marco Square - less Samara Square. Kuibyshev. By the way, it is one of the lowest places in Venice, and in winter and the Palace of the Doge and the Basilica of San Marco are constantly being sharpened. But by listing, the water produced by storm sewer sewer leaves the territory after a few hours.

Of course, Venice's calling card is its 160 canals, through which more than 400 bridges roll. The most famous - the Bridge of Sighs, the place is not romantic at first: they condemned the convicts. And the most prestigious area was considered to be the line along the great canal - around 200 palaces have been built here, the backs of which are on the ground, and the fronts hold on to the piles as if they were still on the waterfront.

Eternal struggle

Gradual immersion in water is a problem the city struggles with from the base. Because of this, the residents rebuilt it twice to move to higher islands. The latest buildings relate to XIX centuryAnd in the 20th century Venice plunged into the sea for another 23 cm, and no one risks building it again. Now it is not a place in a classical sense and rather the museum under the open sky. Some scientists prophesy that by the end of the XXI century the city will be completely submerged. But the celebration of life, the quintessence of which is the annual Venetian Carnival, continues, although for these builders and engineers no less effort than the first in Venice.

Damb was built around the city, created many other hydraulic structures to minimize water damage and prevent its stagnation. Sealing and recreation of communication in such conditions - the pinnacle of engineering skill, "says Oleg Wahramov. - One person fights for the preservation of Venice, and nature is for destruction. And it continues until one person surrenders. But even in in that case the loss will be fine.

Venice - unique. historical city of Italy that has literally imbued with romantic and unique atmosphere of mystery. Almost every one of the houses of Venice is the architectural creation of past centuries, endless narrow streets that conquer with their charm.

Photo: Don Mammoser / Shutterstock.com

The whole city is reigned by the feeling of love and happiness, the splash of water gives a special charm, and numerous carnivals, exhibitions and film festivals that pass annually in Venice and collect the most famous representatives of world art and culture leave you perfectly The Eternal Holiday loop tangible in the air.

Venice is a real city museum and entered the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Here are a large number of historical monuments cultures that were created mainly in 14-16 centuries.

The history of the founding of Venice has its origins in ancient times, when the city was inhabited by the offices that gave the city its name. As an island city, Venice was founded in the 9th century, and in the Middle Ages it was already the center of the Republic of Venice - at that time the city literally flourished in architectural and cultural plan.

Today Venice occupies a central place in the cultural and tourist life of Italy. Millions of tourists come here every year.

If you haven't been to this awe-inspiring city, Venice is well worth a trip to the next itinerary as this architectural marvel is increasingly submerged in the world's aquatic space.

Location and population of the city

Venice's Area occupies 118 islands on the eastern part of the Apennine Peninsula in the Adriatic Sea. The space between the islands is numerous streams and canals that form the unique relief of Venice.

400 bridges connect with each other through the water part of the city, and on the mainland from Venice you can get along by the car bridge, the length of which is 4 km.

All houses in Venice have a special foundation, without it being impossible to submit the construction of this city in or in the ground. At the same time, the lowest layer of houses is completely submerged in water, and the houses themselves are built from lightweight materials that keep them on the surface of the water.

Venice is the administrative center of the Venice area and forms a municipality that consists of 6 independent areas.

The city's population is approximately 265,000 people.

climate

To travel to Venice, you should carefully choose the time of year. This is due to the peculiarities of the local climate. The fact is that in summer there is a very strong heat that reaches +30 degrees, which is quite uncomfortable for visiting museums and long walks around the city.

It is typical of most Italian cities, so traditionally the peak of the tourist season in Venice is considered to be the middle seasons: spring and autumn. The air temperature is pretty acceptable, the rains are a bit.

IN winter time.Due to Venice's island climate, rains often turn into foggy weather, and the streets and canals are carried on the mysterious haze. Strong winds are not blind at this time of year.

How do I get to Venice?

The most popular and easy way to go on a trip to Venice is to fly by plane. From Russia (Moscow) regular direct flights to Venice are operated by Aeroflot Airlines even in high season. You can use charter flights.

Cheaper, but longer in time, is the option with a departure from Russia on a European airline (especially if you are not in Moscow or St. Petersburg) with a transfer in Paris, Vienna, Rome, Berlin or other European capitals. The cost of the flight from Berlin or Paris to Venice airlines Ryanair. will only be about 25 euros.

You can also arrive to Venice by train from almost any European capital city by arriving at the train station at Santa Lucia station. For example, a trip to Venice from Milan will take around 2.5 hours by train from Paris - around 9 hours.

If desired, the train can be replaced by a bus. So you can organize your own unforgettable trip. Venice with a visit to other European cities.

Of course, an alternative way to get to Venice is to get to Venice on a romantic trip, for example, from Greece, on the ferry or the real ship on the water weapons of the Adriatic with a visit to the port of Venice - San Basilio.

How do you get from Venice to other cities?

Read in our articles how you can get to other cities from Venice:

Venice airports.

Currently, planes currently host airports - Marco Polo, 12 km from Venice and Treviso, 30 km from Maritime City.

Most airlines fly into Marco Polo Airport, while Treviso is an economical option and accepts planes such as Ryanair.

The most convenient way to get to Venice from Marco Polo Airport is to use the bus, the bus, the time on the way is about half an hour. You can also take a more interesting trip into the city on the ship vaporretto, which is spent 60 minutes in anticipation of fabulous Venice unforgettable.

Bus routes are also organized between Treviso Airport and Venice, who follows a special schedule in line with airline flights, and so get to Venice from this airport, there is no difficulty.

Transport Venice

The central part of Venice is famous for its almost the only mode of movement - the water transport, which presents different types here. This is a vaporretto and gondolas and traghetto. Information will be presented from 2019.

Water transport

Vaporetto runs through all the central canals, and the journey has an impact with its painting and color. The purchased ticket for this type of transport is valid for 1 hour and costs around 7 euros.

The main route runs through a large canal. We recommend riding a vapor tatto, even if you prefer to move more on your feet, because Similar methods of movement are clear in such incomparable places!

Tragetto are small ferries on which you can get from one bank to another where there are no bridges. Tragetto ticket price is approx. 2 euros.

You can also use the services of water taxi, which is more expensive than public water transport, but can be more convenient in many cases. The cost of the water taxi starts from 15 euros to land, and as you travel it is 2 euros per minute.

The most expensive transportation from Venice for water movement is the famous gondola. For a romantic trip on the gondola you have to post around 100 euros with a maximum of 6 people. So gather lovers to ride a gondola, because swimming alone on this transport is very unprofitable.

Minimize

Maybe everything in Venice is special and remarkable. Even a peculiar subway, a monorail with 3 stations (Tronetto, Marine Station, Rom Square) and the only composition of 2 cars. The cost of the ticket is around 1 euro, and the total journey time is 3 minutes.

Tickets

As usual, tickets for any transport can be bought in kiosks and tobacco kiosks, bar counters and vending machines at all central stops and the train station.

If you want to save, and not have to buy one-way tickets, then buy tourist direct tourist. Travel card trading on vaporretto and bus trips on Lido island.

The cost of the card depends on the time of your operation: a card for 24 hours costs around 20 euros, 48 ​​hours -30 euros, 72 hours - 40 euros.

If you plan to ride a minimetro more than once, the monthly friction of this type of traffic will cost you around 15 euros.

Do not forget that all tickets and trips must compose in special yellow devices before each trip. This function is characteristic of all of Italy.

Car rental in Venice

If you prefer not to adjust to the schedule of public transport, it is better to rent a car in Venice. So you can see all the sights independently, create your own route around the city, and easily access from one part of Venice to another.

This is particularly beneficial if you are traveling with a family or friendly company. Renting a car eliminates the need to study the bus schedule, search for stops, and buy tickets.

You can compare prices and rent a car at www.rentalcars.com.

Cafes and restaurants Venice

Of course, Venice is like a sea city. First of all, it is famous for its seafood. In any restaurant you can get canceled fish or deliciously cooked shrimp with a minimum amount of seasoning, but these are already the characteristics of Venetian cuisine compared to traditionally Italian children.

The categories of local delicacies include: snack in the form of sardines, cases of white marinade, artichokes, seafood risotto, omelette with vegetables and potatoes, spaghetti with Karakatier ink, traditional bigoli pasta with the Shova sauce. And of course fish soup!

As for salads and vegetables in general, this is not a priority remedy in Venice. It is better to give preference to fish dishes.

As usual in Italy, for lunch or dinner, it is better to choose a restaurant not in the center, but a little from where the noise of tourists and the food is more carefully and tasty prepared, unlike the same restaurants on San Marco. You can try local delicacies in the so-called bacari and pay 4 euros for panino or tram season.

The only café on San Marco Square that needs to be visited is an old café "Florian". The place where Hammingway, Bayron, Kazanova, Rousseau, Brodsky, took place simultaneously. Visiting Venice without a cup of coffee in this legendary café is impossible to imagine.

shop

Venice is not where they shop and buy brand name clothes or shoes. Here tourists are invited to take in memory of a house unique city souvenirs are traditional carnival masks or numerous products made of unique Murano glass, which is also produced here.

How to save in a hotel in Venice

Venice as one of the most popular tourist cities, offers, offers large amount of hotels for all tastes and budgets. When you travel from the company it is more profitable to rent apartments and feel like a real local.

The most romantic place to stay in Venice - not far from main square, where there is already less than tourist noise, but close to all the charms of this city.

When choosing a hotel on the mainland or on the Lido Island, remember that you will use water transport to travel to the central part of Venice. Book a hotel in advance and study the specifics of certain areas of Venice, you will offer an unforgettable trip to the most fabulous city. Italy.

It is better to compare options and book a suitable hotel: for this it is advantageous to use the website www.roomguru.ru.

There are combined offices of different booking systems (Booking, Agoda, Ostrovok), so you can choose the hotel at the lowest price.


Venice is one of the most beautiful cities in the world - standing on water. There are no bridges in it, sidewalks are also quite rare, no bike transport. The right with the houses splashes, and the residents move around on the gondolas and motor boats.

Its historical center is located on the archipelago, consisting of 118 small islands, 4 km from the mainland, with which it is connected long bridge. In the v. In the 19th century, refugees lived here from Padua and other Italian cities rescued by the Huns and other barbarians.

The streets in Venice serve 150 canals. A large canal, 3.8K long and 30-70 m wide, divides the entire city into two parts: the historical center and the industrial trading part, and smaller canals flow like rivers. The total number of bridges they have deployed over 400.








Amazing palaces come out on both sides of the great canal, the main palace is the Horte Palace - the creation of the architects of the IX-XVI centuries. This magnificent monument comes to san marco square - pearl of the city.

View of San Marco Square (1723)

The entire Venetian lagoon and a beautiful city with which they steadily plunged into the water. Why is this happening? There are several reasons. The lowlands, especially on the shores of the seas, are usually located on the site of the tectonic deflection of the earth's crust, and therefore gradually immerse with the sea.

The second reason is more difficult. The mass of river nansions (sand, yals) that carries the Po river are deposited in its lower current and in the mouth. It seems that the terrain should rise. In this case, however, the mass of the nanos is so large, which creates an additional load on the earth's crust. Because of these loose, water-saturated breeds, deep, compressible, compressible moisture is compressed, quickly settled.

But there is another cause of diving. It created the residents themselves. The fact is that for a long time the city has enjoyed fresh water directly from its subsurface, and at the mouth of the river in a huge amount, natural gas has reappeared. In this regard, the terrain quickly settled at a rate of 3 mm per year. After the flood of 1966, the pumping of water had to stop. The settlement immediately slowed down, but the problem remains.