What is the brutal truth about fire fighting
A visit by a delegation from ITUC and ITUC-AP to Bangladesh on January 15-16, 2020 revealed that violations of trade union rights in Bangladesh are still systematic. Clothing associations reported increased surveillance by a newly formed unit of the Ministry of National Security (NSI) to oversee their activities. Since September 2019, the offices and employees of the associations, their member organizations and partner organizations have been visited by officials of the new unit, the trade police and the local administration in order to examine their activities, the participation of the members, as well as their budget and the upcoming labor law cases to take. One clothing association reported that at least 175 union leaders and active members were blacklisted by employers, a list compiled and circulated among employers of union members and active unionists who should be boycotted as workers or otherwise punished. and 26 of them were charged with criminal and civil law. There has been little improvement in the registration of trade unions, which is based on arbitrary requirements by local authorities and which is slow and not very transparent.
Civil and public sector workers cannot form trade unions. The Supreme Court ruled in 2019 on the sacking of eighty rural electrification workers who had been sacked for trying to form a union. The association PBSKL appeals to the Supreme Court against the decision. According to the Rural Electrification Board Ordinance, employees are not allowed to exercise their right of association and collective bargaining.
On September 26, 2019, the Prime Minister's Office issued an ordinance according to which the rights of workers in the country's Export Processing Zones (EPZ) will be governed by the Bangladeshi EPZ Labor Act of 2019 instead of the Bangladeshi labor law. The country's union leaders spoke out against two separate systems for workers in the country, warning that the new law, introduced in February 2019, violated workers' fundamental rights, particularly freedom of association, the right to form and join unions of their own choosing and the right of trade unions to work freely and to carry out their activities without undue interference.
See ITUC Guide to international trade union rights and the right to form or join a trade union. The changes continue to deny EPC workers the right to form or join a union, to bargain collectively or to strike, and it is expected that the changes will bring little improvement in terms of labor inspections. The approval of the managing director of the BEPZA is still required for access to the workplaces.
At least 20 workers were injured in a clash between workers at a clothing factory and the police in Narayanganj on September 15, 2019. The workers at the Sinha-Opex clothing factory protested against the fact that wages and allowances were not paid and against the dismissal of workers without notice in the past three months.
The protesting workers blocked a highway and more than 50 tear gas grenades and a few volleys of rubber bullets were fired in an attempt to disperse it. The police also used batons against them.
SF Denim Apparels has consistently had an effort to organize, the process of forming or joining a union, or getting other workers to unionize or join a union. of workers and to form a union in his Dhaka factory. When workers tried to form an office of the Sommilito Garments Sramik Federation (SGSF), the company laid off more than a hundred of them in 2018. Thirty-eight of the workers started legal proceedings against the employer. Meanwhile, other workers continued their organizing efforts, which resulted in five more layoffs in early August 2019.
Then, without warning, SF Denim Apparels fired 701 workers citing a “lack of orders” when they returned to the factory after the “Eid” holiday on August 18. But as Nazma Akter, chairman of the SGSF commented, "workers are obviously being targeted for their involvement in union activities."
A report on "Barriers to Women's Participation in Unions and Organizations" published May 18 by the Bangladesh Shrama Institute found that while a large number of women worked in the clothing industry, few chose to join the union movement . The report also revealed that women workers were harassed by the administration in legal and social proceedings, preventing thousands of them from engaging in the trade union movement.
On April 9, 2019, a gang of thugs launched an organized attack on union members at their premises. This squad had been hired by a recruitment company to recruit staff for the Gazipur, Bangladesh, factory of the Netherlands-based global confectionery company Perfetti Van Melle. Management watched as over 20 attackers entered the factory and targeted union members, intimidating them and beating them with batons and wooden sticks.
The union brought 15 workers who were then working in the factory to safety while the thugs roamed the factory. Management did not alert the police or report the attack.
The union chairman Kamrul Hasan Palash said local management opposed the formation of a union for the factory's 250 permanent employees. "After we formed the union, we applied to the ministry for legal registration," he said. “When management found out, they didn't allow me or four others to go into the factory for five days. I was threatened. "
It took five months for the union to finally achieve legal bargaining status, which it did on February 27. She had tried to negotiate a first collective agreement and demanded permanent status for the workers hired by the Rahat company.
When 50,000 workers in the clothing sector went on strike in December 2018 and January 2019 in protest against wages, the most common form of industrial action; a collective stoppage of work by employees for a certain period of time; can take many forms.
See general strike, intermittent strike, rolling strike, sit-down strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike, go-slow strike, at least 750 were dismissed immediately afterwards. As a result of the brutal police operation, one worker died and over 50 were injured. Since then, the workers have been confronted with further reprisals.
By February 2019, over 11,600 employees had lost their jobs. Many also faced criminal charges after employers and police filed lawsuits against more than 3,000 unidentified employees. About 70 workers were arrested, some of whom were released on bail. Salauddin Shapon, General Secretary of the IndustriALL Bangladesh Council, commented: "With the tacit support of employers, the arrests were directed against union leaders and officials in order to bring union activities to a standstill." which can lead to long prison terms. At least two workers have been arrested for attempted murder and sentenced to life imprisonment. The use of criminal charges against a large number of "unknown" people is a common practice in Bangladesh, which allows the police to threaten arrest virtually anyone.
It was also found that police raided homes and fired rubber bullets indiscriminately, which explains the serious injuries. Workers also reported that representatives of “yellow unions” formed or controlled by employers to prevent the formation of a real union had approached them and pressured them to sign a statement declaring them that they take responsibility for the damage to the factories. They have been told that if they sign this letter and submit it to the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA), they would be given one month's notice and their wages back, the essence of which was: Get workers to plead guilty.
After the textile workers' strike over low wages in January 2019, 7,000 workers were laid off by their employers, most of whom produce for well-known Western brands. Hundreds of textile workers were arrested and more than 30 legal proceedings were initiated.
The protests ended after the government promised them wage increases, but when they returned to work, many of them found they were out of work. At least 750 employees from various companies in the Ashulia production center found notices at the factory gates with photos of their faces to inform them of their dismissal, according to a union representative.
The trade unionists who spoke to the press wanted to remain anonymous for fear of reprisals. “The police told me not to cause trouble, otherwise I would disappear,” one of them reported.
On February 1, 2019, textile workers held a protest rally with the support of the National Garment Workers Federation (NGWF) demanding the release of all imprisoned colleagues, the unconditional withdrawal of the charges and the reinstatement of those released.
The Netherlands-based confectionery manufacturer Perfetti Van Melle has told the workers at its Gazipur plant that they have submitted their application for official recognition Employer representation of workers through a union. would have to withdraw from their union. The vast majority of the workers at the plant had founded the union "Perfetti Van Melle BD Pvt Ltd Employees’ Union "and applied for approval on November 11, 2018. As a result, the union representatives' work schedules were changed and they were denied access to the plant. Company officials then began visiting and pressuring workers at home to quit the union and sign that they had been forced to join, a tactic used by many employers in South Asia to imply that the union was not a real union Has members.
Despite the pressure, the union did not give up and finally obtained its official approval on January 14, 2019.
One textile worker was killed and 50 injured when police used rubber bullets and tear gas against around 5,000 protesting workers on the outskirts of Dhaka on January 8, 2019. The next day, police used water cannons to evict some 10,000 striking textile workers who were blocking a main road in Savar outside Dhaka. In addition, police raided some textile workers' homes, vandalized their property and even shot them with rubber bullets, witnesses said.
According to family members and colleagues, the worker killed was Sumon Mia, 22, who was employed by Anlima Textile in the Kornopara district of Savar. His colleagues said that he had not protested, but that he happened to get into a confrontation between the police and the demonstrators on the way to work. Colleagues brought his body to the Anlima textile factory and started a demonstration there. Police were on hand shortly thereafter, firing rubber bullets and using batons to evict the workers, injuring at least 11 of them, including two gunshots, eyewitnesses said.
The protests began after 50,000 textile workers who manufacture for international brands such as Zara, H&M, Tesco and Walmart reportedly stopped working to demand higher wages. They were furious that not all, especially older workers, had received the latest federal minimum wage increase of 51 percent to 8,000 taka (US $ 94). It was also said that the increase was insufficient to cover the rising cost of living.
The unrest began in Naraynaganj on December 9, 2018, shortly after the new minimum wage came into effect, and there were sporadic clashes between textile workers and police in Dhaka district, with numerous injuries reported, particularly in Mirpur and Gazipur.
On Saturday, September 23, 2018, police used batons and tear gas against several hundred protesting workers at the Knit and Knitex textile factory in Gazipur, injuring at least ten people. The protests had started the day before after workers received only half of their August wages. As reports circulated that some workers had become ill from the polluted water provided by the factory, workers from neighboring factories joined the protest on Sunday, helping to block the Dhaka-Mymensingh expressway, causing tension and confrontation to mount became more violent.
At least 15 people were injured on August 29, 2018 after police called in to end a workers protest at Amin Jute Mills in Chittagong. The workers had been promised to pay their six months 'outstanding wages for the week, but that morning the factory manager told them that they would only be paid three weeks' wages. When they then took to the streets, the police tried to stop them and injured 15 of them. Two people had to be treated in the hospital.
In a similar incident two weeks earlier, around 1,200 workers from Alhaj Jute Mills in the Jamalpur district demonstrated on August 15 to demand payment of outstanding wages. There were violent clashes with the police, whereupon ten workers had to be taken to a hospital.
At least 20 auto rickshaw drivers were injured on April 27, 2018 when police ended their protest on the Dhaka-Sylhet Expressway. The three-wheeled vehicles had been banned from using the expressway and police had confiscated five vehicles the day before, leading to the protest. Police used batons to drive away the protesters, and violent clashes ensued. The drivers returned to form a human chain on the expressway, which the police responded by using blank cartridges and tear gas.Police officers were also injured in the action.
The textile factory Hydroxide Knitwear in Gazipur announced disciplinary measures against 57 workers after several hundred workers protested on April 5, 2018 against the dismissal of 400 colleagues without notice. The management had bought new machines to replace the employees and to save costs. The protesters were members of the National Garments Workers Federation and Ekota Garments Workers Federation.
After leading representatives and members of the Garments Workers' Trade Union Center (GWTUC) on January 31, during a peaceful protest in front of the factory gates of Ashiana Garments Industries Ltd in Dhaka by representatives of the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association, BGMEA), the GWTUC tried to file a criminal complaint against the attackers at a local police station, but the police refused to take their statements.
Instead, the BGMEA filed criminal charges against 12 named persons, mostly leading GWTUC representatives, and 150 unnamed employees for attempted murder and vandalism. GWTUC President Montu Ghosh was named by name; General Secretary Joly Talukdar; Executive President Kazi Ruhul Ami; the chief functionary Sadekur Rahman Shamim; the international secretary Monzur Moin; the general secretary in the Ashulia region, K.M. Minu; Gazipur District Secretary General Jalal Hawlader; the Ashulia Region Executive President, Lutfar Rahman Akash; and the organization secretary in the Ashulia region, Mohammad Shahjahan.
The allegations were obviously false, and of the 12 accused only three were actually present at the Ashiana protest. Two of them, Joly Talukdar, the secretary general of the GWTUC, and Montu Gosh, its president, had not even been in Dhaka at the time of the alleged occurrences.
They were released on bail for eight weeks, ending April 1. That day, six GWTUC leaders were arrested on false charges - Joly Talukdar, KM Mintu, Monjur Moin, Jalal Howladar, Lutfar Rahman and Md Shahjahan - and detained in Dhaka Central Prison. A GWTUC member had been in custody since early February.
The union believes the real reason for the arrests was their leadership in the campaign to raise the minimum wage in the textile industry.
Applications from workers in the electricity sector to form a union have also been repeatedly denied. The statutes of the energy authority BREB (Bangladesh Rural Electrification Board) explicitly state that the 37,000 electricity workers have no right to trade union representation. The electricity workers' union PBSKL (Palli Bidyut Sramik Koromchari League) has long been fighting in court for their recognition. , but although it was always right, the BREB opposed the decisions and always appealed, most recently to the Supreme Court.
The BREB has also tried to eliminate those who actively seek recognition recognition, the designation of a union by the competent state body as a collective bargaining party for employees in a given collective bargaining unit or the acceptance of collective representation of employees by a union on the part of the employer. of the union. After a meeting with the Construction Workers International (BWI) in August 2017, four PBSKL representatives were transferred to another location by the BREB, away from their families and communities. Other workers have been suspended for months because of their union activities.
At its congress in October 2017, the international alliance of electricity workers' unions "Global Power Trade Unions" passed a resolution supporting the PBSKL and urging the government of Bangladesh to enforce the rights enshrined in the country's constitution. At the same time, BWI has the ILO International Labor Organization, a tripartite United Nations (UN) organization established in 1919 to promote working and living conditions. It is the most important international organization for the formulation and monitoring of international labor standards.
See tripartism, ITUC Guide for international trade union rights directors in Bangladesh in writing on the upcoming court proceedings and the conduct of management towards employees who exercise their right to freedom of association, freedom of association, the right to form and join unions of their own choosing and the right unions to work freely and carry out their activities without undue interference.
See ITUC Guide to Exercising International Trade Union Rights.
More than 50 textile workers from Haesong Corporation Ltd were injured in an attack by hired thugs during a peaceful protest against the textile manufacturer on August 16, 2017.
The sit-in and the strike strike The most common form of industrial action; a collective stoppage of work by employees for a certain period of time; can take many forms.
See general strike, intermittent strike, rolling strike, sit-in strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike, go-slow strike outside the headquarters of the Korean company in Hizalhati, Gazipur, organized by the National Garment Workers Federation (NGWF). The general secretary and the vice-president of the union were among those injured. In addition, an NGWF organizer was kidnapped and only released at 9 p.m. Local police have refused to take reports from workers related to the kidnapping and attacks.
The protest concerned an ongoing conflict with the Haesong company, which on April 4, 2017 had laid off 218 employees who were demanding payment for the 2016 annual vacation they had not taken.
On June 22nd, a written agreement was reached between the employees and the management that promised the payment of all outstanding contributions and statutory compensation payments by July 4th. When this did not happen, the deadline was extended to August 4th. When the payments had not yet been made, the protest was organized on August 16, which led to the attacks.
On May 27, 2017, local thugs threatened and assaulted workers and leaders of the union, which was supposed to be founded at the Azim group's Orchid and Savar textile mills in Chittagong, on the gates of the two factories, which are housed in the same building attacked. Applications for union membership in the factories had repeatedly been denied for flimsy reasons.
The violence continued in the days that followed when workers and union leaders were beaten again and warned that if they continued to unionize, they would be killed. Local police watched union leaders being attacked.
The attackers even went to the unionists' homes and threatened family members. One union official's wife was threatened with a knife and another's brother was kidnapped but later released. Many trade unionists sought refuge in the union office for fear of further attacks and violence against their families.
After the attacks, management filed criminal charges against the 61 workers and union leaders involved. Thirty-eight workers were released on bail, but 22 people were detained.
Meanwhile, the climate of violence persists. Around 200 workers live in constant fear of attacks by local thugs. In addition, as a condition of their return to work, employees were forced by management to sign a document stating that they do not want a union in their place of work.
In March 2017, workers at the Orchid Sweater textile factory in Bangladesh asked for solidarity support after their application for formal union approval was repeatedly denied.
They had tried to get their union approved since February 2016, but the government official in charge had repeatedly denied their application on flimsy reasons. Orchid management responded to their initiative by harassing workers and threatening union officials with dismissal.
In January 2017, workers started their third attempt and again applied for approval from their union, the Orchid Sweater Workers Union. In March this request was also denied and the reasons were again vague. The unions suspect that this is due to the political influence of the factory owner, the powerful Azim group, especially since Mr Azim was a former member of parliament himself.
Following wage protests by tens of thousands of textile workers in the industrial city of Ashulia in December 2016, strikes were violently ended, arrests made and around 1,600 workers laid off.
The intimidation and arrests continued in 2017. Union offices were searched and ransacked, union records and equipment were stolen. On February 10, 2017, nine members of the BIGUF (Bangladesh Independent Garment Workers Union Federation) were detained by the authorities in Chittagong after the police interrupted a training session. A week earlier, police interrogated union officials in the offices of the Bangladesh Revolutionary Garments Workers Federation offices in Gazipur for four hours, after which they stopped union activities for fear of police interference.
A total of 35 people were arrested, mostly union leaders. The human rights organization Human Rights Watch, citing interviews with human and labor rights groups, lawyers and workers, and police records, said that the circumstances of many of the arrests indicated a politically motivated abuse of power by the police in retaliation against trade unionists. The tactics used by the police were not new: invoking the draconian law on special powers, criminal charges against countless "unknowns", arrests without warrant and harassment and harassment of active trade unionists and workers in the course of "investigations".
The outrage over the blatant attack on the trade union movement has led to an international campaign led by IndustriALL Global Union and UNI Global Union. Leading fashion brands like H&M and Zara have boycotted boycott, a collective refusal to buy or use any goods or services from an employer to express disapproval of its practices. Direct boycotts are used to exert direct pressure on an employer, while an indirect or indirect boycott is aimed at a neutral employer in order to prevent him from supporting the employer who is the actual target of the boycott. expressed its solidarity with the textile workers at an important conference of the textile and clothing industry in Bangladesh. Thanks to the pressure exerted by their action and the international campaign, a tripartite agreement was reached on February 23 between the Bangladesh Council of IndustriALL (IBC), the Ministry of Labor and the employers' association can bargain collectively with trade unions or trade union organizations. the textile industry (Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association), which provides for the release of the arrested trade unionists and textile workers. The agreement also states that the rest of the detainees will also be released and the judicial proceedings terminated.
The authorities were quick to retaliate against the workers involved in a week-long textile workers' strike in the Ashulia district of the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka in December 2016. Ashulia is a major textile production center that apparel companies draw on around the world, including western giants like Zara, Gap and H&M. The most common form of industrial action; a collective stoppage of work by employees for a certain period of time; can take many forms.
See general strike, intermittent strike, rolling strike, sit-in strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike, go-slow strike, the demand for an increase in the minimum wage from USD 68 to USD 190 per month should be emphasized.
The Prime Minister issued an order calling the strikers back to their workplaces, and the Minister of Labor warned that tough action would be taken against the instigators. In the weeks after the strike Strike The most common form of industrial action; a collective stoppage of work by employees for a certain period of time; can take many forms.
cf.General strike, intermittent strike, rolling strike, sit-in strike, sympathy strike, wildcat strike, slow-down strike, at least eleven leading trade union representatives and labor rights advocates were imprisoned under the Special Powers Act of 1974, which was enacted during wartime. Most were members of the Bangladesh Garment and Industrial Workers ’Federation (BGIWF)’ s textile workers' federations, Shadin Bangla Garments Workers Federation (SBGWF) and the Bangladesh Independent Garment Workers Union Federation (BIGUF).
In response to the strikes, the employers 'association set up Employers' Association, an association of employers for the collective protection and collective representation of their interests; can bargain collectively with trade unions or trade union organizations. the textile industry (Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association, BGMEA) temporarily shut down production in 59 factories. Two factories hit by the strikes, Windy Apparels Ltd. and Fountain Garments Ltd., filed criminal charges against 239 workers, while the Hemeem Group reportedly filed charges against 1,000 workers. By early January 2017, more than 1,600 workers had been suspended and the police had initiated proceedings against 600 workers and union leaders.
Many textile workers were too afraid to return to work, and some even went back to the countryside to avoid police persecution. Most of the local union offices in Ashulia have been closed or ransacked.
In December 2016, the international industry association IndustriALL Global Union reported on the layoff of 145 employees at the oil company Chevron in Bangladesh. In May 2015, workers tried to form a union and asked for open-ended contracts. The vast majority of the 500-strong workforce was hired on “fixed-term” contracts. The union organizers were fired immediately, some of them by text message, and then more layoffs followed. The company has the collective demands of the employees for fixed contracts and recognition Recognition The designation of a union by the competent state body as a bargaining party for the employees in a given collective bargaining unit or the acceptance of the collective representation of the employees by a union on the part of the employer. their union continued to be ignored throughout 2016.
The Habib Fashions clothing factory tried to prevent a union from being formed and then closed its doors. The Sommolito Garment Sramik Federation (SGSF) announced on 30.June 2016 applied for a trade union in the company to the responsible government agency in order to improve working conditions, including by reducing excessively long working hours. For example, workers were forced to work from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. during Ramadan in June in order to complete their assignments on time.
The SGSF was notified of certain objections to their application by the state licensing agency and began making corrections. While working on this, the factory management met with senior SGSF representatives on July 19, 2016 and asked them to withdraw the approval application. When the SGSF refused, the factory management began relocating machines on the night of July 27, 2016 and announced the temporary closure of the factory from August 2016, as there were allegedly no orders. However, the Dhaka-based factory was a sub-contractor to numerous companies producing for international brands and still had full order books. The SGSF assumed that the purpose of the factory closure was solely to prevent the union from being formed and to deter future attempts at organizing.
Three years after the “Rana Plaza” factory building collapsed, killing 1,200 people, the government is still failing to adhere to the Bangladesh Sustainability Pact, which was developed jointly with the European Union and with the support of the ILO, a tripartite United Nations agency (UN), which was founded in 1919 to promote working and living conditions. It is the most important international organization for the formulation and monitoring of international labor standards.
See tripartism, ITUC Guide to international trade union rights designed to improve workers' rights and health and safety in the textile industry. The conclusion of an evaluation published in January 2016 by IGB, IndustriALL Global Union and Uni Global Union is that “The government of Bangladesh and the textile industry still have to do far too much, not only to ensure safety, but also to to guarantee basic respect for the law, including both national and international labor standards. "
A high-level tripartite delegation from the ILO International Labor Organization A tripartite United Nations (UN) agency established in 1919 to promote working and living conditions. It is the most important international organization for the formulation and monitoring of international labor standards.
See tripartism, ITUC Guide to International Trade Union Rights, which traveled to the country in mid-April 2016, has raised concerns about union admission. Figures compiled by the Solidarity Center in Dhaka showed that during 2015 the government rejected 73 percent of the applications submitted. By mid-April 2016, 13 applications had been submitted, but only three had been approved and the vast majority rejected.
According to Human Rights Watch, only around 10 percent of the more than 4,500 Bangladeshi textile factories have accredited unions. The labor law says 30 percent of the workforce must vote in favor of union formation, which is excessive and lays down extensive licensing procedures, while the government has vague powers to remove a union from licensing. In addition, the factories can threaten and attack unions and their members with impunity. Refusal to admit trade unions in the textile and clothing sector was one of the issues raised by the ITUC in its April 2016 at the ILO International Labor Organization, a tripartite United Nations (UN) organization established in 1919 to promote working and living conditions . It is the most important international organization for the formulation and monitoring of international labor standards.
See tripartism, ITUC Guide to International Trade Union Rights Complaint in connection with violations of freedom of association Freedom of association The right to form and join unions of their own choosing and the right of unions to work freely and carry out their activities without undue interference.
See ITUC Guide to International Trade Union Rights.
Subsequent to the ILO International Labor Organization, a tripartite United Nations (UN) agency established in 1919 to promote working and living conditions. It is the most important international organization for the formulation and monitoring of international labor standards.
See tripartism, ITUC Guide to international trade union rights delegation visit of April in Bangladesh, the International Labor Conference recommended to the government of the country in June 2016 that “introduce standard procedures to make the admission process a mere formality that does not depend on discretion and not aims to put obstacles in the way of approval. "
On February 11, 2016, an active unionist was suddenly sacked by Banglalink, the second largest telecom company in Bangladesh. Banglalink workers applied to the government official for approval of their Banglalink Employees Union (BLEU) on February 7 and notified their employer of the union on the same day. The next day, management spoke out against the union, claiming that it would hamper the company's growth. The sudden dismissal of the active unionist three days later sparked violent protests from workers. In the clashes that followed, the union organizing secretary was injured and hospitalized, leading to further protests and the temporary closure of company offices.
Union members were then intimidated and persecuted and two union officials were forced to resign. The BLEU union has repeatedly tried to find a solution, but the company declined to enter into a dialogue. Instead, management has put pressure on employees to make use of their voluntary severance pay program and to resign of their own accord, threatening restructuring and downsizing.
On March 7, 2016, the government dismissed the union's complaint against Banglalink about unfair labor practices. The reason given was that the complaint was inadmissible because the union was not licensed and union leaders were warned not to engage in union activities without a license. The approval application was denied on April 7 on the grounds that the union did not represent 30 percent of the workforce, although there was evidence that it did in fact represent 35 percent of the workforce. The authorities cited alleged discrepancies in the signatures and said that the union had not submitted any evidence that the membership fees had been received, which is not a legal requirement for admission.
The Banglalink case was brought up in a lawsuit brought by the ITUC to the ILO International Labor Organization, a tripartite United Nations (UN) agency established in 1919 to promote working and living conditions. It is the most important international organization for the formulation and monitoring of international labor standards.
See tripartism, ITUC Guide to international trade union rights and cited in a complaint from UNI Global Union to the OECD.
The employees of Grameenphone, which belongs to the Norwegian company Telenor, have had more than two years to qualify for recognition Recognition The designation of a union by the relevant government agency as a bargaining party for the workers in a given collective bargaining unit or the acceptance by a union of collective representation of the workers of the employer. their union fought. The Grameenphone Employees Union was founded in June 2012 after over 200 employees lost their jobs. However, the government has rejected its application for approval several times for formal reasons. After a lengthy legal process, the competent authority was finally ordered to register the union. However, the government refused the union formal recognition, the designation of a union by the relevant government agency as a bargaining party for workers in a given bargaining unit, or the employer's acceptance of collective representation of workers by a union, and the company filed one with the Supreme Court Application for suspension of the registration order, which was granted. The government then passed new regulations expanding the definition of “supervisory worker” to prohibit all workers covered from union membership. Mobile phones have also been made a vital public service so that the government can intervene to limit or ban strikes and demonstrations.
On April 1, 2016, seven people, including a 16-year-old boy, were injured by the guards who opened fire on the demonstrators. They protested against the death of the worker Mohammad Sumon at the Bangladeshi scrapping company Kabir Steel. The man was run over on March 28, 2016 by a truck carrying scrap steel from Kabir Steel in Chittagong and died on the spot. Management had brought his body inside and refused to hand it over to relatives, whereupon Sumon's family and colleagues began their protest and blocked the expressway between Dhaka and Chittagong outside the factory for about two hours to demand that those responsible be punished. The operational security personnel followed the instructions of Kabir Steel and opened fire on the demonstrators, whereby seven of them were injured: Nurun Nabi (20), Delwar (24), Usman (25), Munna (20), Musammat Shahnaz (25) , Shabuddin (18) and Samir Ahad (16).
Mohammad Sumon was just one of many Bangladeshi workers who had been killed in shipbuilding yards since the beginning of 2016. On January 20, Akkas Mian (42) died at the Asad shipyard in Madam Bibir Hat, Sitakunda Upazila when an iron plate fell on him; Mohammad Shafiqul Islam Shikder, 34, died on March 3 while removing air conditioning from a ship at the OWW shipyard owned by Mahsin Badsha; and on March 15th Mohammad Morselin (20) died in hospital after falling from a ship on March 12th while working at the SL scrapping yard in Kumira.
On March 31, 2016, three applications from garment workers for union approval at three factories belonging to the Azim group (Savar Sweater Ltd., Savar Sweater. Ltd.-A and Orchid Sweater Ltd.) were denied simultaneously. All three unions belonged to the independent textile workers' federation BIGUF (Bangladesh Independent Garment Workers Union Federation), which had helped them with the application in early February.
After receiving the rejection notice, the unions responded with a detailed response, addressing all of the issues raised. In the case of the "Savar Sweater Ltd.-A" company, the application was rejected on the grounds that no such factory existed, although the employees had factory ID cards on which the name of the factory was clearly noted. In the case of the other two factories, it was said that the union did not represent the 30 percent of the workforce required by law, which is measured by the ILO International Labor Organization, a tripartite United Nations (UN) organization established in 1919 to deal with working and living conditions to promote. It is the most important international organization for the formulation and monitoring of international labor standards.
See tripartism, ITUC Guide to international trade union rights standards is excessive, with no explanation given as to how this conclusion was reached. According to the trade unions, they represent significantly more than the minimum of 30 percent.
On March 30th, a group of nurses protested in central Dhaka. When they did not heed Police Commissioner Krishnapada Roy 's request to vacate the street in order to continue their legitimate gathering, the police used batons, water cannons and tear gas to attack them.
They asked the government to apply the agreed seniority-based selection criteria to the recruitment of around 10,000 new nurses under the Public Service Commission. The Commission ignored these criteria when it publicly advertised the positions in a circular on March 28, without taking seniority into account.
On March 16, 2016, IndustriALL repeated its complaint against Chevron-Bangladesh after being ignored for more than a year. Last year, IndustriALL had written to stop the bullying and intimidation campaign against the employees of the multinational's branch in Bangladesh, but this apparently did nothing.
On February 29, 2016, five workers at Panorama Apparels Ltd, a textile factory in Gazipur, were laid off or forced to resign. All five held offices in a union that has not yet been approved. When the five complained to the responsible government agency about their unjustified dismissal, the latter found that there was no violation of the law, as the employees had voluntarily resigned. This decision was based on the allegations made by the factory management and the resignation letters that they had been forced to sign. The authority did not speak to the workers or their union.
Shortly thereafter, the union's application for approval was denied. The government alleged that the union did not hold meetings with its parent union, the Akota Garment Workers ’Federation (AGWF), as reported; that the two people who chaired and vice-chaired the union were not currently working at the factory; that 551 union members could not be identified; that it does not represent 30 percent of the workforce and that its board members have not been properly listed. All of these claims were either false or inadequate for the submission to be rejected.
The union asked two of the branded companies that source goods from the factory to intervene, and an arbitration meeting was arranged. A few days before the meeting, local politicians ordered the five dismissed workers to admit that they had voluntarily resigned in exchange for a severance payment. They refused, the arbitration meeting took place, and the factory management agreed to reinstate the workers and observe some basic rules regarding relations with the AGWF. However, the workers feared reprisals if they returned to the factory. All of this happened just before a planned tripartite delegation visit to the ILO International Labor Organization, a tripartite United Nations (UN) agency established in 1919 to promote working and living conditions. It is the most important international organization for the formulation and monitoring of international labor standards.
See tripartism, ITUC Guide to international trade union rights in the country and in the factory.
Ten workers at the Green Life Clothing Ltd clothing factory in Zamgora in the Ashulia Free Export Zone, north of Dhaka, were injured on July 26, 2015 when police used batons against a group of demonstrators demanding that the factory be reopened. The factory had been closed indefinitely in order to move some of the production units to another factory owned by the company. Workers suspected that the factory had been temporarily closed to break up the union.
In May 2015, the US-based oil and gas giant Chevron responded to its workers' decision to form a union by firing the organizers.
Chevron Bangladesh had 463 employees, of which only 37 were permanent. The rest worked, sometimes for 20 years, with repeatedly extended fixed-term contracts, which violated the country's labor law, which limited fixed-term employment to three months. Management had ignored repeated requests, both verbal and written, from employees for many years to change their unacceptable terms of employment. After years of intimidation, the workers finally decided to form a union in the plant, in accordance with legal procedures. The new Chevron Workers' Union officially applied to the labor authorities for approval on April 14, 2015. Of the 463 employees, 218 joined. On May 20, 75 of them went to the labor court to enforce their right to permanent employment.
Management reacted aggressively to the union's approval. On May 26th, she used the police and security forces to barricade the union office. The workers then demonstrated in front of the office. A day later, on May 27, 2015, Chevron fired 17 workers whose names were put on a list posted outside the office. The list included all the newly elected leaders of the new union, including its chairman, Saiful Islam, its general secretary, Kamaluddin, and its organization secretary, Hasanur Rahman Manik.
When the industry union, the Bangladesh Chemical, Energy and Allied Workers' Federation (BCEAWF), called for the dismissed to be reinstated, employed and unionized, Chevron argued that the company was not responsible for the grievances there the employees are employed by an employment agency.
At least 40 employees of the Otobi furniture factory were injured on May 5, 2015 in a clash with the police on the outskirts of the capital. Workers demonstrated outside their factory to again demand payment of two outstanding monthly wages after earlier demands were ignored. When workers became more angry and reportedly used projectiles, police responded with violence, firing rubber bullets and throwing tear gas canisters. At least 40 workers had to be treated in local hospitals.
On May 1, 2015, two workers were laid off after the workforce of the textile companies NRN Knitting and Garments Ltd and Natural Sweater Village Ltd-2 took part in a protest asking the authorities to inspect the building where their Factories were housed to see if it was still safe after an earthquake. After the first two layoffs, the Garment Workers Trade Union Center organized further protests on May 2nd to demand the reinstatement of its colleagues. As a result, on May 3, another 27 workers were laid off and the factory was closed because there were allegedly insufficient orders.
Three years after the torture and murder of textile worker leader Aminul Islam, his killers had still not been brought to justice. Aminul was 39 years old and disappeared on April 4, 2012. His body was found a few days later and showed signs of torture. He was a company union representative in a Bangladeshi export zone, organizer for the Bangladesh Center for Workers ’Solidarity (BCWS) and chairman of the local committee of the textile workers' federation BGIWF (Bangladesh Garment and Industrial Workers Federation) in the Savar and Ashulia districts of Dhaka. He had tried to improve the working conditions of around 8,000 employees of the Shanta Group, a textile company in Dhaka.
- Do employers even look at CVs
- Would Toptal hire a student
- What saved you from a difficult situation
- How much income is rich after tax
- What are your daily goals
- What is the rank of a sergeant
- How to say have in Russian
- Is street food dangerous in Delhi?
- Why do tourists take so many photos
- Has Daenerys ever trusted Jon Snow
- Why don't Jewish people celebrate Christmas?
- Should I eat chickpeas after exercise
- Is Falun Gong popular outside of China
- What's the most Albanian ever
- Can I shoot heroin after shooting meth?
- What do couple-friendly hotels mean
- Will Africans one day be technologically advanced?
- Why do guys behave differently with friends
- Why is prostitution considered a bad thing
- What does the standard of living measure
- What is a better job or a better business
- What do people with writing habits write?
- How many times has California voted Republicans
- Does the sharing economy have positive negative effects