What are good inviting speech topics
Giving a successful speech: this is how it works
A successful speech is not a coincidence, even if it sounds easy and relaxed with a trained speaker. However, memorable talks are always the result of good planning. The structure of the speech is deliberately designed around a speech topic, the rhetoric and body language of the speaker support what is said. Furthermore, the number symbolism can be supportive for a successful speech.
But the audience also reacts in an appropriate way. It does not interfere, but only reveals brief expressions of approval or rejection at most once. They should also listen attentively without babbling and dismiss the speaker with an applause at the end. The lecturer and the listener thus form a unit and make the speech succeed together.
By the way: A particularly short speech that greets a meeting or opens an event is called a speech. A successful speech puts the audience in the right mood for the event.
How can I prepare a speech correctly: formulate it or key words?
In order to be able to adequately prepare for the address or speech, it must be clear to whom your speech is addressed, in what context it will take place and what your goals are. If you are speaking in a relaxed atmosphere, you may only need a few key words. An official or professional opportunity requires that you prepare the speech in detail. Carefully plan the structure of the speech and practice rhetoric.
Consider it: Ever more authentic Your address is effective, the sooner you will reach the audience.
With aids such as a flipchart, all ideas can be combined and offer a complete overview © baranq - Shutterstock
By working with keywords only, you make it clear that you have the content of your speech in mind. This creates trust, but requires a lot more preparation than formulating the entire address in advance. Keyword aids that you can use for media use are:
- Keyword note
- Mind map
- Power Point
The key words can be used straight away to make it easier for the audience to listen. They can also be issued as a handout.
What are the benefits of free speech with keyword aids?
- You are familiar with the content and speak easily and freely. This makes it easier for you to reach the audience.
- You find it easy to speak authentically.
- You can maintain better eye contact with the audience if you don't have to read all the time.
What are the disadvantages of free speech with keyword aids?
- You need to allow a longer time to prepare.
- If you get lost, for example because the audience does not behave as expected, you may find it difficult to find your way back.
What is the most important thing to know about talking?
1. Speeches have a very specific language
The linguistic level of a speech is usually high, because it is often written first and then read off. Even with a free speech, a speaker tries to orient himself linguistically to the written word. However, this must not be at the expense of intelligibility, so that speakers have to do a little balancing act here. The language chosen always depends on the audience.
Speeches are given in prose. Poetic speeches (hand-made speeches) are the exception.
2. A speech always revolves around a certain topic
Speeches are thematically closed. As a speaker, you stick consistently to one topic, even if you come across many other important connections during the research. However, digressing too far is not a good style and presents the listener with avoidable challenges. A good and engaging speech is short and gets to the heart of your concern. This makes it easier for the audience to stay alert.
3. Always face the audience
It is now obsolete to hide behind a lectern, but if there is one, it determines the direction you are facing. You always turn to your audience, not just with the “cold shoulder”, but preferably from the front. This also applies to your eyes, which do not wander over the heads of the audience or get lost on the edges of the page. Look at your audience and make eye contact too. Use your body language. Always get up, even if you are actually sitting at a conference table with the others. The upright position underscores your need for attention, which you demand by delivering the speech or speech.
Talking to the side, hiding, moving your arms in front of your body is unprofessional and uninviting.
4. Courtesy on all sides is the key
Both the speaker and the audience adhere to certain rules of etiquette. As a speaker, you ask for attention and do not overuse it, the listener gives it to you.
5. Speeches always have a purpose
They are not for entertainment (exceptions such as hand-made speeches confirm the rule). So always pursue the purpose of your speech and don't lose sight of the central theme.
6. There are very different types of speeches
- the occasional speech, also called the special occasion speech
- the information speech
- the opinion speech
- the argumentation speech
- the persuasion speech
- the short greeting
- political speeches
- Speeches at demonstrations
- Election speeches
- Promotional lectures
- Speeches in court
- Memorial speeches
- Funeral speeches
- Festive speeches (wedding, reception, etc.)
- New Years Speeches
- Anniversary speeches
- Inauguration speeches for buildings
- Ladies' speeches (take place mainly among men and focus on the merits of one or more women)
- academic lectures
What is the best way to plan a speech?
Sort your thoughts with mind mapping © Andrej_Popov - Shutterstock
Especially when it comes to writing a informative speech it is particularly important to include all relevant facts. After all, as a speaker, you are particularly competent in your topic and do not want the audience to accuse you of any gaps in knowledge that could undermine your argumentation in the speech.
For example, you can start planning with the mind mapping method. Every good idea for a speech starts with this.
"Mind mapping creates thought maps that clearly show the best route to a destination."
Mind mapping is a useful tool that can be used to sort thoughts and comprehensively prepare topics. How to do it:
- Write the topic of your speech in the center of a sufficiently large piece of paper. Draw a circle or a cloud around this term.
- Draw lines from your circle and at the ends write any terms you can think of on the subject. Particularly relevant things are noted very close to the initial term, less relevant things further away.
- Finally, put all the terms in a meaningful order and delete what is superfluous.
Structure a speech: which order makes sense?
The structure of a speech follows a logical structure. You start with an introduction, present the topic in detail in the main part and end with the end.
- Introduce your topic of speech.
- Talk about your topic.
- Summarize what has been said.
Step up from a weak argument to a stronger one.
Get excited right from the start!
It depends on how you get started whether you can inspire your audience from the start. Think of a crisp beginning, start with a joke, a story, an emotional anecdote. Don't forget to use your body language and voice.
tip: The effect of a speech is only 40 percent based on its content. Another 40 percent depend on body language, 10 percent on voice.
How can you use your voice to make a speech successful?
Do it like the pros and don't leave anything to chance vocally. If you listen carefully to professional speakers in the media, you will notice that they are called Arcs use. This means that the voice rises during the course of the sentence (makes an "arc"), there is a short pause and it lowers towards the end of the sentence. Always lower your voice at the end of a sentence. This supports the effect of what has been said. Inexperienced, nervous speakers often raise their voices at the end of a sentence. This prevents the "dissolution" and creates an uncomfortable tension in the audience.
Always adjust volume and intonation to match your words. Those who monotonously always speak in the same tone of voice bored their audience. When you have something exciting to say, sound excited yourself! Surprising facts are much easier to remember if you sound surprised to yourself.
Always be authentic! The success of your speech depends heavily on always being yourself. Bring in personal experiences, be emotional, show yourself! Your audience will thank you and receive your speech positively.
What are the most important tips for a good speech?
- Brevity is the soul of wit
Always stick to the topic of your speech and don't digress. Get the facts concise and don't forget the emotions. Do not use more than three arguments per speech! Your listeners can't remember more anyway.
- Avoid snake sentences
While you can always jump back when reading a long sentence in order to be able to grasp the meaning better, this is of course not possible with a speech. Be considerate of your audience's attention span and use significantly more periods than commas.
- Preferably choose the present tense
Adjectives make a promise, verbs keep it! Talk less about HOW things are and more about DOING something. Use the present tense of the verbs. So: "We are planning ..." and not: "Our ambitious planning ..."
- Use your body language
Do you remember? 50 percent of your speech depends on your body language. That is why skilled speakers can capture an entire hall with their language without actually saying much. You can find many tips about body language in our articles.
- Get in touch with the audience
Address your audience directly by asking rhetorical questions (“Do you know that too? ...”) Make eye contact, perceive the audience as a counterpart. There is always someone who listens carefully. Give them preferential gaze if you are otherwise too excited. A real smile is also an important tool for a successful speech. According to a study, smiling speakers not only appear more intelligent, a smile is also very personable.
Practice, practice and practice again - this is how you test the impact of your speech and lose your fear © Elnur - Shutterstock
- Before delivering the speech, speak the speech often
Inexperienced speakers in particular should give a speech more often before actually appearing in front of an audience. You can also record them on your smartphone and then play them back before things get “serious”. This allows you to assess the impact of your speech from the outside and adjust it until everything sounds optimal.
- Don't be afraid of a breakdown
Even if something should go wrong, don't worry. That is human and the audience does not take it offense.
- Use your own words whenever possible
This is the easiest way to move your audience! Make your speech a memorable one by sprinkling in personal touches, joking up the mood and engaging your audience.
- Always make it clear who you are speaking for
Adjust the audience's level of knowledge. The right tone also depends entirely on who you are looking at.
With our speaking tips, successful speeches are no longer rocket science!
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