What do Indonesians think of Koreans

“Summit marathon” on the occasion of the ASEAN summit in Bali, Indonesia

On November 18 and 19, 2011, a series of summits took place on the Indonesian island of Bali as part of the meeting of the ten member states of the Southeast Asian Community (ASEAN) with other countries from the Asia-Pacific region, at which Japan was represented by Prime Ministers Yoshihiko Noda, attended. The following is news from Japan an overview of the key results of this Asia-Pacific “Summit Marathon”.

 

Regional forums for political and economic cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region

 

 

 

GDP (in dollars)

Trading volume (in dollars)

population

ASEAN

1.5 trillion (approx. 2.5%)

1.9 trillion (about 6%)

570 million (approx. 8.5%)

ASEAN + 3

12 Bill. (approx. 20%)

7.7 trillion (approx. 23%)

2.1 billion (approx. 31%)

ASEAN + 6 *

14 Bill. (approx. 23%)

14 Bill. (approx. 42%)

3.2 billion (approx. 47%)

APEC

32 Bill. (approx. 53%)

15 Bill. (approx. 44%)

2.7 billion (approx. 40%)

for comparison: EU

18 Bill. (approx. 29%)

12.1 tr. (approx. 37%)

500 million (approx. 7.5%)

In brackets: share of the corresponding value worldwide.
* ASEAN + 6: Members of ASEAN + 3 as well as India, Australia and New Zealand
(Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan 2009)

 

14th Japan-ASEAN Summit (11/18/2011)

 

Prime Minister Noda first thanked ASEAN for the support they had given Japan after the severe earthquake in eastern Japan. At the same time, he expressed his country's willingness to continue to help those members of this community of states affected by natural disasters. Japan also attaches great importance to the closer connection between ASEAN and the creation of a “community of ASEAN” aimed at in 2015.

Disaster prevention cooperation will support Japan through the expansion of the ASEAN Coordinating Center for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA) into a central coordination point. In addition, experts from other countries will be invited to Japan to share with the international community the lessons and experiences that the country was able to draw from the severe earthquake in March, for example at international conferences.

With a view to strengthening the exchange between young people, Prime Minister Noda praised the successes of the “Great Program for Youth Exchange in East Asia in the 21st Century” (JENESYS). He emphasized that youth exchanges between Japan and ASEAN will continue to be of great importance, and that his country is currently preparing an exchange program for young people of around 3,000 people, which is to be implemented by the end of 2013.

 

 

On the subject of ocean security, the Prime Minister said that the oceans are a common good that ties the Asia-Pacific region together. The peaceful resolution of conflicts, free navigation and compliance with international law are of great importance as fundamental rules with a view to the seas.

Following the meeting, the acting chairman of ASEAN, Indonesian President Yudhoyono, published the new joint declaration and agenda, which will replace the “Tokyo Declaration” adopted in Tokyo in 2003 and the previous agenda. Prime Minister Noda proposed that this new declaration be called the "Bali Declaration". This proposal met with unanimous support.

 

14th ASEAN + 3 Summit (11/18/2011)

 

At the summit meeting of the ten ASEAN members with Japan, China and the Republic of Korea (ASEAN + 3) in Bali, Indonesia, Japan was represented by Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda.

The Prime Minister explained that ASEAN + 3's cooperation in the field of financial policy had started, but now encompassed many areas such as food security, disaster prevention, education and the fight against cross-border crime and could already look back on great successes.
Prime Minister Noda named the following measures as concrete examples of cooperation in the individual areas:

Food security
Signed an agreement to set up a storage system for rice that can be quickly distributed in emergencies (APTERR) and support the ASEAN Food Safety Information System (AFSIS).

Finance cooperation
Formation of the ASEAN + 3 Macro-Economy Research Office (AMRO) as a monitoring and analysis institution for the regional economy and as a research institution for crisis prevention measures.

Cooperation in the field of disaster prevention
Share the lessons and experiences of the severe earthquake in eastern Japan with the international community and prepare a major international conference on natural disasters in Japan to make an active contribution to the creation of a better disaster-prepared region.

education
Japan's Leading Role in Ensuring Quality in Higher Education. Preparations are currently underway between Japan, China and South Korea for the “Campus Asia” project, the results of which are also being shared with ASEAN.

economy and trade
Joint proposal by Japan and China to set up new working groups on the East Asian Free Trade Area (EAFTA) and the Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia (CEPEA) to further develop trade and investment liberalization in East Asia.

Cross-border crime
With a view to eliminating the causes of terrorism and strengthening links within the region, cooperation in the fight against cross-border crime is also very important. For example, a seminar on aviation security was held in July as part of ASEAN + 3 in order to prevent aircraft hijacking.

Cooperation in tourism
The expansion of tourism is essential for economic growth. The signing of a memorandum to promote cooperation in this area is planned for the beginning of next year, which is also of great importance for the reconstruction of the Tohoku region, which was hit by the severe earthquake.

 

6th East Asia Summit (November 19, 2011)

In addition to the members of ASEAN + 3 (13 states), Australia, New Zealand, India and, for the first time, the United States and Russia also took part in this year's East Asia Summit (EAS). Indonesian President Yudhoyono was chairman of this summit meeting, now also taking place in Bali, of 18 countries from the Asia-Pacific region.

introduction
Japan's Prime Minister Noda welcomed the United States and Russia's first participation in the summit. In addition to working together in various areas at work level, he strives for a common vision and basic rules for the region; this should be achieved through increased engagement in the areas of politics and security. Japan wants to develop the East Asia Summit into a forum led by the heads of state and government that leads to concrete forms of cooperation. The other members also welcomed the participation of the United States and Russia and expressed their desire to further develop cooperation in the fields of politics and security.

Use of the seas
At the summit, Prime Minister Noda reiterated, with regard to marine security, that the oceans are a common good that ties the Asia-Pacific region together. The peaceful resolution of conflicts, free navigation and compliance with international law are of great importance as fundamental rules with a view to the seas. The “East Asia Summit Declaration on Principles for Relationships for Mutual Benefit” also affirmed the importance of international law relating to the seas for maintaining peace and stability in the region. In doing so, the summit clearly emphasized compliance with international law and the peaceful resolution of conflicts and differences of opinion.

Disaster prevention
With regard to disaster prevention, Prime Minister Noda reiterated Japan's willingness to share the lessons and experiences of the severe earthquake in March with the international community. In addition, Japan is ready to host the 3rd World Conference on Disaster Prevention planned for 2015.

Nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation
The Japanese Prime Minister said strengthening nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation in East Asia was of particular importance. He hopes that the countries that have not yet participated in the Security in the Field of Proliferation Initiative (PSI) will also join it.

Democratic values
In order to share democratic values ​​with one another, the active use of the Bali Democracy Forum appears to be very useful. In this context, the positive developments in terms of democratization and reconciliation in Myanmar are to be welcomed. Japan hopes that Myanmar will further intensify dialogue with the international community. It is important that the international community support the country on this path.

Linking the ASEAN
Prime Minister Noda emphasized the great importance of developing the link between East Asia as a whole, including the states outside of ASEAN. In this context, the "East Asia Summit Declaration on Linking ASEAN" (Link to the Japanese Foreign Ministry) was issued.

economy and trade
Japan said it wanted to set up new working groups on the East Asian Free Trade Area (EAFTA) and the Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia (CEPEA) as soon as possible in order to further develop trade and investment liberalization in East Asia.

Low carbon growth
Prime Minister Noda stated that by promoting the concept of “Partnership for low-carbon growth in East Asia”, a model for economic growth that produces only low CO2 emissions is being sought. An international conference on this will be held in Tokyo in April 2012.

Regional situation: North Korea
The Japanese Prime Minister stressed that North Korea's development of nuclear weapons and missiles posed a real threat. North Korea should be urged to abandon its nuclear program in accordance with UN Security Council resolutions; this also includes the immediate stop of uranium enrichment. Japan welcomed the recently resumed dialogue between the two Korean states and between Japan and the United States. However, no concrete steps towards denuclearization can be seen. The six-party talks should therefore continue to vigorously urge North Korea to make a decision on this. The human rights situation in North Korea also remained a matter of great concern; this also includes the problem of kidnapped Japanese citizens. He called on all states to help solve this problem.

 

 


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