What are enemas


Synonyms: enema, enema, enema, intestinal enema
English: enema, clyster
Greek: "Klysteer" ("the dishwasher") and "Klysterion" ("cleaning")

1 definition

A enema is the introduction of a liquid, usually water, through the anus into the intestine.

2 indication

Enemas are used for diagnostic and therapeutic reasons:

2.1 Diagnostic enemas

2.2 Therapeutic enemas

Enemas are also used for non-medical reasons, e.g. as part of certain sexual practices (clinical eroticism, anal intercourse)

3 amount of liquid

Fluid quantities vary depending on the age and constitution of the patient:

  • Infant: 50 - 80 ml
  • Toddler: 300 - 500 ml
  • Schoolchildren: 500 - 1,000 ml
  • Adolescents: 1,000 - 1,700 ml
  • Adults: 1,700 - 2,500 ml

Microenemas contain only about 5 ml of fluid and are used to administer medication.

4 accessories

In principle, only isotonic rinsing solutions should be used, as larger rinsing quantities can otherwise lead to life-threatening electrolyte shifts. Different additives are used in enemas, depending on the requirements for emptying the bowels:

5 shapes

In addition to the classic enema, there are other special forms of enemas, e.g .:

6 devices

Depending on the type of inlet, different devices are used:

7 contraindications

There are different requirements why an enema is necessary and can be performed. In the following cases, however, an enema is contraindicated or may only be performed under the express instruction of the doctor:

Particular caution is required with: