How bad posture harms your body

Understand bad posture, relieve pain

Around 80 percent of people in Germany have had back pain at some point. Often times, the pain goes away as quickly as it came. However, in about 7 out of 100 patients, the pain becomes permanent. The sooner the general practitioner or specialist discovers that bad posture is the root of the problem, the higher the chance of improvement.

Avoid relieving posture

The main cause of bad posture is bad posture. Years of hard physical work or even hours of sitting, for example at work, promote poor posture. The spine and the muscles belonging to it are permanently stressed on one side. This sometimes leads to a relieving posture and the muscles tense up. In the long run, this can throw the entire muscular support layer of the spine out of balance: Strong muscle packages form in tense areas, while muscle mass continues to decrease on the opposite side. This strengthens and worsens the bad posture: There is a postural damage that cannot be compensated for.

Anyone who does not move enough and, for example, does not participate in compensatory sport while seated, is a risk candidate for postural damage. Back and / or abdominal muscles that are too weak cannot support the spine adequately. Obesity can also be the cause of back and posture problems.

What postural damage is there?

There are various types of postural damage to the spine that deviate from normal posture:


A lateral curvature of the spine with twisting of individual vertebral bodies is called scoliosis. Depending on the severity, it can be easily recognized with the naked eye, for example when the pelvis and shoulders are crooked.

A distinction is made between the rather rare congenital scoliosis in children, for example due to different leg lengths, and wear-related or degenerative scoliosis in adults.


With a hunched back (hyperkyphosis), the spine is strongly curved in the thoracic area. The head and shoulders are tilted forward and form a visible hump. In adolescents, a hunched back can develop as a result of a growth disorder (adolescent kyphosis or Scheuermann's disease). Boys are more likely to be affected than girls. Often, however, a hunched back only develops in the course of life.

Hollow back

The hollow back (hyperlordosis) is the increasingly inward curvature of the spine on the lower back. A hollow back can also occur in combination with a rounded back, which is known as a hollow back. The opposite of this is the flat back, where the natural course, the so-called double S-shape of the spine can hardly be recognized.

Orthopedic examination makes sense

Your doctor can determine deviations in the posture of the body during an initial orthopedic examination. To do this, he will carefully examine and feel the painful areas. If the type and extent of the damage are difficult to determine from the outside, an X-ray can help the diagnosis.

Diverse treatment options

If you are diagnosed with poor posture, your doctor will tailor the therapy to the underlying causes. If other conditions such as broken bones, cancer, inflammation, and nerve damage in the spine are causing your chronic pain, they will be treated first.

Targeted back training through physiotherapy

Muscle training and physiotherapy are among the most important measures for postural problems. Your muscular imbalances should be specifically balanced out here. In addition, the exercises strengthen underdeveloped muscles and tense sections are made supple again through stretching exercises. This helps to reduce pain and discomfort.

Back schools treat holistically

As part of a holistic treatment, such as that offered by back schools, you can learn back-friendly movement sequences. Techniques such as dynamic sitting help to avoid incorrect stress in everyday life.

Back schools also focus on mental health: With strategies and methods for coping with stress and pain, as well as with the help of relaxation methods, you learn to actively counteract mental stress.

Painkillers and surgery

Your doctor may also prescribe pain relievers to aid exercise therapy. Only in rare severe cases, especially in scoliosis, can the application of a support corset or an operation make sense.


Do you need an operation? The second opinion offered by the technicians supports you before interventions on the back, hip, knee or shoulder joints. Get a second opinion from experts - digitally or on site.