In what year did the millennial generation begin?

Altofen ...



The former Altofen tells us. The remaining old streets, houses, the restored statues, the vow altars, the chapels, the crosses still standing on the wayside tell us about it.

The Swabian events, which have been brought back to life since 1995, bring back the customs of the old, bygone centuries. If we read the books that tell us about the former Altofen, we can smell the wine and home-made dishes in the inns. So we see the hustle and bustle of the former Kiritog in front of us and remember the Pest citizens fleeing from the floods, to whom the Altofner offered fried potatoes and goose lard in the vineyards.

Altofen also has a lot to tell fans of old times, because it was a popular place even in Roman times.

The excavations prove that Altofen was an inhabited area at that time. These archaeological finds can still be admired today: the Villa Hercules, the Roman aqueduct, the Termae Maiores - bathing museum, the Roman ruins on Florianplatz, the amphiteatrum, the gladiator barracks and the military camp museum.

During the time of the kings of the Arpadenhaus and also in the Middle Ages, numerous churches, chapels, a monastery and a royal castle were built. The Saint Peter and Paul Church was founded in 1015 on the decree of King Saint Stephen. The royal castle was originally built in the 13th century on today's Florianplatz, some of the finds were excavated under the reformed church.

The Monastery of the Poor Clares was built in the 1340s and Sigismund of Luxembourg founded the second university in Hungary here.

During the Turkish era, the town houses were destroyed. After the Turks, scorched fields, burned-out houses in ruins and few working hands remained.

Many Altofen residents had fled. Although numerous people later returned, the Counts Zichy, landowners of Altofen, recruited workers from Austria and Germany to cultivate their property.


Ulm City Hall


Ulm box


The first 17 settlers came to Hungary in 1698, they were almost all single men.

Between 1698 and 1750 there were three waves of settlements in Hungary. They gathered in Ulm and drove with the “Ulmer Schachtel” on the Danube to Hungary. They came from different places in Germany, from Baden-Württemberg, from Bavaria, and later under Joseph II also from Austria, from Tyrol.

It has already been proven that the settlers were not poor. Not only did they take their bundles with them, but they also had to get the discharge certificate from their landlords. They had to pay their own travel expenses and they brought vines, small tools and, last but not least, their faith, their resourcefulness, their diligence, their love of work and their perseverance.

When they arrived, they found destroyed, burned houses, devastated areas, unburied corpses and carcasses everywhere. The risk of infection and epidemic was very high. The first settlers tried to achieve a normal way of life with superhuman strength. The landlord assigned them the field for cultivation free of charge and also a tax reduction. Their main task was to realize viticulture in Altofen. On the old pictures you can see that the Altofner mountains were planted with vines all the way up.


Typical Altofen houses
(Óbudai Múzeum)


Typical Altofener Strasse
(Óbudai Múzeum)


Altofen in the early 1800s


Altofen in the early 1800s


The nickname of the Braunhaxler comes from their work. They worked in the vineyard with their trousers rolled up, which made their legs and legs brown. Because shoes were very expensive at the time, they worked without shoes. The sun has tanned your legs, the wind has dried them out, that's how they got the name “Braunhaxler”.

To honor our ancestors, we chose the name of the association: Braunhaxler, knowing that this name obliges us to pass on the still living customs to future generations.

Life began - according to the Catholic customs of Urheimat - houses of the Saint Peter and Paul Church built in the area. In the older streets of Altofen, such as: Szőlőkert and Solymár - 20 families living there, narrow, winding streets opened that until the destruction in 1967 reflected the German character of the city.


Szautner inn


Inn bowlers


How was the life of the Altofner?

The main work of the settlers was viticulture. The people gathered on Florianplatz, where the largest vineyard owners took them in as day laborers. With their horse-drawn carts they took the workers to the vineyard, where they worked all day. Since there was no water on the mountains, they also brought the water up to the mountain in vats and wine barrels. They often walked next to the horse-drawn cart to protect their animals.

The mountain area was not only loamy but also stony. Many stones came to the surface as a result of agriculture; these were later mixed with clay and used as building blocks. Some people would bring the stones down on their backs, then sell them to the builders. This construction method proved to be extremely stable, the houses stood until they were demolished in 1967.

The decades of hard work had borne fruit and testified to the expertise of the winemakers.

The families were able to live better and better from viticulture. Since they had more wine than the family could consume, they asked permission to sell the wine. This is how the famous Altofner inns came into being. It was also regulated on which side of the street the pub was allowed to serve wine. Later they were allowed to offer cold dishes in addition to the wines. After a few years they were also allowed to offer warm meals.


War pub


War pub


This is how the famous, cozy pubs and restaurants in Altofen came into being. The division of labor was also regulated in the family. The women did the housework, worked around the house. The men had to work on the fields. The children also had their tasks. The family needed their jobs and they had to learn their duty. In the pubs the women served and they also had to clean up and wash up.

The Filoxera put an end to this development. The way of life of the Braunhaxler has changed completely. Despite hard work and diligence, the golden age never came back.

They had to buy the wines in other areas, and so social life in the inns could continue to flourish. Different round tables were formed and so the members could meet occasionally.

The Filoxera changed life from the ground up. On the fields they had to plant other products, cereals. It followed that animal husbandry, especially cattle breeding, spread. In the cafes that were opened at that time, as well as the residents, the milk could be sold well. The so-called Milimaris - the wives and daughters of the dairy farmers - carried the milk into the cafes. Pig breeding and poultry breeding also got a special meaning. The new products and the increasing spread of cattle breeding were able to support the life of the inhabitants in Altofen. From the winegrowers who had lost their property, a class emerged, the artisans who made tools for agriculture and livestock


Road construction in front of St. Margaret's Hospital, ship works


Road construction in front of St. Margaret's Hospital, ship works


Other former winemakers worked in the construction industry, where they could use their horses and wagons to transport construction supplies. During these years many factories were founded, such as: the brick factories Bohn, Drasche, Újlak, which in addition to Altofen also supplied Pest with their goods and expanded the transport options for the carters.

Some families had watering permits on the streets. In summer they could water the streets and in winter remove the snow, which meant work and income for them.

With industrialization, the number of factories grew, and the working class was formed in the factories. The ship factory, the textile dye works, the ice cream factory, the Guttmann stocking factory, the Goldberger textile factory, among other things, secured the work of the residents.

The growing number of residents encouraged the construction and expansion of family houses. 8-10 apartments were built in one house. The homeowners rented the apartments to the workers. Even the factory owners had houses built for their workers, so the brick factories were built on Bécsi / Wiener Strasse and the ship's houses on Pacsirtamező Strasse.



Brick factory on Petersberg, brick factory on Wienerstraße





Typical Altofener Hof, Schwäbishe woman with oleander





Interior of the room, typical Altofener Hof (Óbudai Múzeum)




Stefan Neubrandt († 2004), honorary citizen of Altofen, also a member of the German Nationalities Self-Administration and managing director of the Braunhaxler Verein until his death, collected the customs that the immigrants brought with them from Germany.



The birth


Until the 1930s, births with the help of midwives were usually done at home. The midwives received money or natural produce for this. Ms. Greisberger and Ms. Pribill were the most famous midwives in Altofen. The newborns were baptized immediately after birth, without ceremony, probably because the mother was still in childbed. The quick baptism can be traced back to the high infant mortality rate and the fact that it was also undesirable for a pagan to live in the house. The birth was reported to the pastor's office. The newborns were usually given the name of the godparent, the younger ones the name of their parents or grandparents. The financial situation also played a role in choosing a sponsor: At the baptism, the child was given a gold chain with a cross or a medallion with the Mother of God or an angel. The festive lunchtime meal did not come into fashion until the 1900s. The godparents had to bear the costs of the baptism, they had to look after the godchild until they died. They later became the company parents, sometimes also the groomsmen. The baptismal ores were held in high esteem, they were lit at first communion, at confirmation, at the wedding ceremony, even at the funeral. The children had their first communion at the age of 6-8 and confirmation at the age of 14, so they came of church age.


First communion pictures


First communion pictures



The wedding


The families married each other to avoid assimilation and to keep wealth together. Many marriages were determined by the parents, often on both sides, with the aim that the couple should have almost the same wealth. This also ensured that the habits and the way of life also had common bases.

The engagement took place two or three months before the wedding. The fiancée got a ring with stones at the engagement, the wedding ring only at the wedding. It was common practice for the bride to bring the kitchen furnishings and the groom to bring the room furnishings as dowry. They received household appliances as a wedding present. The gift of money and the bride dance were never in use in Altofen.

The wedding ceremony went like this:

The bride's relatives gathered at her home and the groom's relatives gathered at his home. In the wedding procession the groom's carriage came in front, the guests followed, and the bride's carriage at the end. In the church in front of the altar the bridegroom was already standing, the bride was led to the altar by her father or brother. All relatives and family members had a permanent place in the church.

The wedding ceremony always depended on the financial situation of the bride and groom.




Wedding photo


The family


Golden wedding photo


After the wedding, the families went to the wedding house together. It was always the bride's house. The wedding menu featured chicken paprika soup, followed by chicken breast, chicken drumsticks, and roast pork with salad. The salad was always mixed according to the season. Then the roast piglets followed at midnight. Strudel, yeast cakes and biscuits were also offered. The home-made wine could not be missing either. The Altofner did not have a honeymoon (only after 1900), after the wedding everyday life began.



Death and burial


In Altofen, people died at home, but they were never left alone. If someone sensed or could be seen that his death was approaching, the pastor was called to the house to give him the final rites. The pastor came to the house in his festive gown with the acolytes. During the ceremony - except for confession - the family members were present and they prayed together. After confession the pastor left and the beds were pulled apart. The family sat around the bed. The seating arrangement was also determined here. The wife sat next to the dying man. She held the candle in the dying man's hand, and then the other family members followed. If the death lasted two or three days, the family members took turns. In Altofen, this was called “heaven lights”, they believed that they could make the dying person's path to heaven easier. After death, the dead were washed with vinegar water and dressed. As long as the corpse was in the house, the mirrors were covered with white canvas and the clocks stopped. The men were always dressed in black suits, white shirts and white stockings. In the case of women, only the widows were buried in black, but also in white stockings, a symbol of purity. In the folded hands were the wedding cross, a prayer book and a rosary, they were buried with them. The women also had the prayer book, the rosary and part of the myrtle wreath in their hands. Sitting around the corpse, they held the wake that lasted until the burial. The bier was in the house until 1916, when they kept the wake. The time of the burial in Altofen was always three o'clock, because Jesus died on the cross at three o'clock. The bell rang for the deceased.

The hearse was pulled by the 2 or 4, sometimes even 6 black horses. If the deceased was rich, the funeral procession also included a wreath carriage. The funeral procession was usually accompanied by a brass band. The ceremony was led by 1 or 3 pastors, with the pastors walking in front with the 3 acolytes. The altar boy in the middle carried the cross, the two candles on the side. In the case of wealthy or revered citizens, it also happened that in addition to the hearse there were also three torch holders.

Between the two world wars, other urban customs came into vogue, but the Altofner tried to preserve their customs and traditions, with varying degrees of success.

Difficult times came and the Altofner and Krottendorfer suffered three strokes of fate, as a result of which only a few were able to stay in their homeland.




Party slip



1945 “Malenkij Robot” to Russia. The kidnapping


After the Second World War, the male population aged between 16 and 45 was abducted and sentenced to forced labor in the Soviet Union as reparation. The Russian soldiers and the Hungarian communists spread that "Malenky Robot" will be just a small, short piece of work. Some were kidnapped in pajamas and house clothes. Only a few were able to flee, but the majority never came home. First and foremost, the Red Army collected the civilians from the German-settled areas, but some died or fled on the way, the number was "supplemented" from the civilian population.

In January 1945, almost all of the male population of Altofen was driven along the Danube on foot, then driven from Romania in wagons to the Soviet Union. A third lost their life on the way, others died because of forced labor. After two to five years of forced labor, a third came home sick and they were not allowed to speak to anyone about their fate. Some waited years for the lost family members. Unfortunately, we do not have accurate statistics on the loss of the war; it is estimated that this figure can be around 12,000.


"Malenkij robot"


"Malenkij robot"


Command to “malenkij robot”



February-March 1946 - expelled to Germany


The expulsion formulated in the Potsdam Pact and resolved in the ordinance of the Hungarian government mainly related to members of the Volksbund, especially the wealthy and the citizens who registered as Germans at the 1941 People's Payment. So many Altofner, but mostly already assimilated, were expelled.

The people and their families were not expelled from Verishvar for economic reasons because they worked in coal mines.

Krottendorf, formerly an independent German village, was attached to Budapest in 1950.

Until the deportation, the majority of people of German origin lived here, most of whom were deported in 1946.

The displaced had to leave behind their houses, their movable property, their animals. They were only allowed to take a 20 kg bundle with them and were delivered to Germany in cattle wagons.

Of course they were not welcomed warmly there, they were called "Hungarian Gypsies".

Gradually, after many years, they were recognized as decent people. From Krottendorf the people were settled in Baden-Württemberg, in Billigheim-Sulzbach.

The displaced were able to visit their family members, they came to Hungary as German citizens, but those who stayed at home are not allowed to go to Germany.

From the 1960s onwards, the expellees were able to support the pastor's office of Sankt Josef in Krottendorf (Pastor László Zámolyi).

Under the direction of Anna Schmelcher known as Wagner Buci, Ms. Barbara Moser, Ms. Anna Hercegffy, Ms. Anna Nussbrücker (Weisshaar Náncsi) they came home with a group. They drove with two buses, they visited their relatives, took part in events, at Swabian balls. They loved coming home because Hungary was always their eternal home.

The state initially forbade and later did not like to allow trips to Germany and that the manners and customs can continue to live.

The authorities did not allow the church consecration days and the Swabian balls. The last wine parade and ball took place in 1959.

The only "Swabian" event was the Potato Church Day / Krumpiernkiritog until the 1990s.








Krottendorf, main street


Krottendorf, main street


The last reading festival in Altofen


The last reading festival in Altofen


The last reading festival in Altofen


The last reading festival in Altofen


The Krottendorfer Swabian festivals and customs were also not desired, but some have been preserved to this day. It was customary for women to go to Calvary early on Holy Saturday and take water with them. They came home after the Way of the Cross, but they are not allowed to say a word until tomorrow. Then they were allowed to drink the water they had brought from the Way of the Cross and speak afterwards. This custom was called: "Inexplicable Rite / Wordless Water". The Krottendorfer Kiritog always started on Easter Monday. They only remembered Saint Joseph's Day in church because it fell during Lent. The last Krottendorfer Kirchweihtag was in 1950. The Swabian minority who stayed here wanted to include the new settlers in the fair, but after 1958 they could no longer hold this event. Not only the events were undesirable, but also the architectural monuments of Altofen, the old houses in peasant baroque and plait style, the wonderful baroque statues were not cared for, such as the Trinity statue, the St. Florian vow altar, they were even removed.

Some parts of the statues were carried to the stone warehouse of the Kleinzell Museum, where they were stored in an unworthy condition. The wonderful stone railing was also carried away from the path to Kiscelli Castle.



The “eviction” within Budapest


The urban redevelopment program between 1967–1977, the total destruction of the district, can be seen as a kind of "displacement". The old town of Altofen was torn down.

The Uraltofner received swap apartments in other districts (such as: in Újpalota, Káposztásmegyer, Lágymányos, Albertfalva).

The Braunhaxler, who were torn from their small-town, almost village-like environment, felt themselves to be a tree that had been torn from the topsoil by its roots.

A housing combination in Altofen (today Auchan site) produced monotonous prefabricated houses with 10–15 storeys that were tasteless, lacking in imagination and also expensive.

These houses grew out of the ground very quickly, so the Altofner had to move away. New residents came to the log houses from different districts of Budapest. The new building realized the eviction again. The Braunhaxler, who lived here for generations, watched with tears as the grab cranes destroyed the old family houses. A 70 year old man fell silent when he saw his house collapse. The natives had to move into the new apartments, only a few were able to stay in Altofen. Some old people couldn't come back: “You can't replant an old tree” and they died because they couldn't get used to the new conditions. They got sick and some committed suicide.

The expulsion in Budapest was, of course, deliberate, because one wanted to destroy the cohesive, mutually helping German community. The new residents who moved in did not and do not know what kind of customs and traditions the old Altofner had.

The new residents slowly settled in their new place of residence, and they are proud today that they became Altofner.


Promenade in front of Schmidt Castle


Kiscelli Street



The first panel house in Altofen (facebook), The growing panel houses (Óbudai Múzeum),

The old and new houses (Népszabadság fotóarchivum, fotó Erdei Katalin)






The pear street before the break


The pear street after the breakup


The changes in the social system also changed the lives of the minorities. In 1994, the minority law made it possible for the German nationality self-government to be established in Altofen-Krottendorf. The candidates of German nationality received between 13 and 18 thousand each in the election in 1994, 1998 and 2002.

In 2006 the electoral law changed. Citizens belonging to the minority had to register at the election office. Many were still afraid of the consequences, they remembered the 1946-48 expulsion, so they did not register and they did not vote.

In 1994, the German nationality self-government and the brown knuckle club were founded. Both organizations considered their most important task to be the representation of the German minority, the preservation of tradition and the passing on of customs to the younger generation.

After the first minority election, the German nationality self-government was founded in Altofen-Krottendorf, chaired by Josef Fehérvári.

Although he himself comes from Szigetcsép, he worked for the German minority in the third district for decades. Under his leadership, the self-government began its work from nowhere.

In cooperation with the schools and kindergartens, they organized nationality lessons and put together the program that is still valid today. They worked for the preservation of the language, the customs and the cultural heritage of the Germans in Hungary.


The members of the German self-administration of Altofen-Krottendorf once


The members of the German self-administration of Altofen-Krottendorf today


Partnership contract signing


Partnership contract signing


Dr. On January 8, 2011, Josef Fehérvári received the highest award from the self-government of the Hungarian Germans for his life's work:

“Badge of Honor in Gold”. The award was presented by the chairman of the LdU, Otto Heinek.

In 1997 contact was established between the displaced and those who stayed here. Thanks to the tireless work of dr. Josef Fehérvári and Alfred Millinger signed the partnership agreement between Billigheim-Sulzbach and Altofen-Krottendorf.

As part of the city partnership, 20 children from the two schools (First Alt-ofener Elementary School and Medgyessy Ferenc Elementary School, where German nationality lessons were implemented) were able to spend a week in Billigheim-Sulzbach from April 17th to 25th, 1998 to deepen their language skills.

In September of this year, the German children came to Hungary to get to know the schools, the lessons and Budapest and the surrounding area better. Ms. Susanne Papp Windt (First Altofen Primary School) played an important role in establishing contact between the German and Hungarian schools.

In 1998 she received the first “Braunhaxler Prize” for her excellent pedagogical work in teaching Hungarian German in Altofen.

The former Krottendorfer came home every year to commemorate the expulsion.

In 2000, a delegation with a 30-strong brass band from Billigheim-Sulzbach came to the blessing of the Trinity statue.

The members of the German nationality self-government and the members of the Braunhaxler Verein visited the partner cities in Germany several times. The Braunhaxler Choir, the “Kincső” Ensemble and the “Operettenzauber” program with Palma Morvai and Tibor Tauner had great success in Billigheim.

Since its foundation, the self-administration has supported the nationality kindergarten (Kastély, Timár Strasse, Bárczi), the nationality elementary schools (First Altofener Elementary School, Medgyessy Ferenc Elementary School) and also the nationality class train in the Árpád grammar school, as well as the Braunhaxlerverein and the cultural groups, as the Braunhaxler Liederkreis are supported.

The brown knuckle club has been operating in Altofen since 1994. At the Krumpiernkiritog in 1993, the idea of ​​founding an association came up. It should be a civil organization with the task of reviving the old customs and traditions, of having the destroyed statues and monuments restored - according to Tibor Tauner - and of reintroducing the earlier events.

In this conversation, dr. Imre Dedics, Member of the Self-Government, dr. Josef Fehérvári and Tibor Tauner, the organizers of the Krumpiernkiritog, took part.

The next year, on February 5, 1994, the Braunhaxler Association was brought into being. When the association was founded, it had 73 members, the first managing director was dr. Josef Fehérvári / 1994-1998 /. He was followed by Stefan Neubrandt / 1998-2004 / until his death. Currently, Tibor Tauner is the managing director of the brown knuckle club (2004-).

The residents welcomed the founding of the association with great joy.








Student exchange program in Germany and Hungary


The first “braunhaxler” award ceremony


Choir qualification


Cities in the City


In the next year the association already had 550 members. The brown knuckle club works closely with the German self-government, you can say: "Hand in hand". They organize joint programs, events. The Braunhaxler Choir with 40 members also took part in numerous events at home and abroad.

In 2006 some members left the choir, they founded a new choir in Krottendorf, they took on the name “Ludwig Hollós”.

In 2007 the Braunhaxler Liederkreis was re-established in Altofen. They take part in ecclesiastical and secular events. You have an active role in the life of the brown knuckle club and also in the organization of the events.

In 2010 the Liederkreis took part in the event “Cities in the City”, where they represented the partner city Billigheim-Sulzbach in the program. On June 10th, 2013 they got the qualification gold at the qualification of the Hungarian-German choirs in Schaumar.

The brown knuckle club had good contact with the Altofen-Krottendorf self-government right from the start. Without their support, the association could not achieve its goals, its plans and its activities.


In our meeting place


Advent on the main square The “BRAUNHAXLER” song circle


In the meeting place (Szőlő street 72.) the Braunhaxlerverein organized German-speaking club evenings, language courses, film evenings and, earlier, the choir rehearsals of the Braunhaxler Liederkreis were also here. The Liederkreis had 35 members, so the club room was too small, so they had to look for a bigger place. For two years they have been holding rehearsals in the first Altofen primary school.

Since January 2004 there has also been a computer science course in the club, which is also very popular with the older generations. There is also a German-language library available. This is also where the MPs hold the meetings of the German self-government.

At the suggestion of Tibor Tauner, the board of the Braunhaxlerverein decided to restore the old statues, monuments, including the Trinity statues and the St. Florian monument. In addition to the restoration of the wonderful dams and buildings, the association also cultivated the traditions and aroused interest in German culture.







The deeply devout winegrowers put numerous crosses on the way, built small chapels on the road to ask or thank you for a good harvest. The Eckler Cross, the Chapel of the Heart of Jesus (the Filoxera Chapel) on Bécsistraße, the St. Donat Chapel, etc. were also built.

The Altofner small chapels, crosses standing next to the streets, the stations of the Kiscelli Castle were supported by the faithful and the families. The Neubrandt family also played a major role in the care. In numerous cases they had made the improvements, the painting work, they added to the repeatedly stolen rain gutters, the damaged roof tiles. In the case of the numerous thefts (holy blood, Jesus' heart chapels) they planned and secured the place until the police arrived. The Altofner, the members of the association, the members of the German self-government took part in this construction work, but they also have many supporters.

A short summary of the activities of the brown shank club and the German self-government in the last 20 years:


The restoration of ecclesiastical monuments


In 1990 the Neubrandt family ordered the restoration of the missing Calvary stations from Kiscell. Unfortunately, the manufactured parts were almost completely damaged during the night. The perpetrators are still unknown today. The restoration of the stations has been stopped. In 1995 the Braunhaxler Verein and the German self-government Altofen-Krottendorf began restoring the stations.

The restoration was carried out according to the plan of Ágnes Wladár and Mrs. and Mr. Csaba Vályi. The restoration and enforcement was organized and coordinated by Stefan Neubrandt.

On September 8, 1996, Pastor Gellért Tavas the renewed small cell stations were inaugurated.

The plague epidemic in 1738-39 wiped out almost half of the population. In 1740 the Trinity statue was made in memory of the victims. Judge Thomas Segetha and Countess Mrs. Zichy supported the work at that time.

The statue was destroyed and the statue parts were carried to the stone storage of the Kleinzell Museum. That is why the brown knuckle club started to rebuild the stowage in the 1990s. The restoration was carried out by the Renaissance Steinmetz / Steinhauer GmbH. Mr. Stefan Neubrandt coordinated the rebuilding.

On June 24th, 2000 the statue of the Holy Trinity was opened by dr. Karl Josef Rauber papal nuncio inaugurated. The delegation from the partner town Billigheim-Sulzbach with a brass band also took part in the inauguration.


Filoxera chapel


Szűz Mária chapel


St. Donat Chapel


Szent Vér chapel




Small cell station


Small cell stations


Small cell stations


Small cell stations



The dedication of the Trinity statue









The inauguration of the Kurtz Cross


The inauguration of the Kurtz Cross


The "Kurtz" cross was set up in Krottendorf from the pledge of Magdolna Krettinger and Alexander Fekete. The original cross was renewed in 1947 with the support of Mrs. Krettinger, born Katalin Kurtz. The name of the cross comes from the Kurtz family. The restoration of the Kurtz Cross was made by Épületszobrász GmbH and the construction work was coordinated by Stefan Neubrandt. The cross is at the intersection of Templom and Ezüsthegyi streets.

The "Kurtz" cross was consecrated in 2001 by Alajos Forgács pastor from the St. Joseph Church.

Count Miklós Zichy, the Altofner landowner, ordered a group of statues of two patron saints from his sculptor Károly Bebó to commemorate the floods, the fires and the plague epidemic. The widow of Miklós Zichy born Elisabeth Berényi had the third patron saint Néri Sankt Fülöp made in memory of the Komárom earthquake in 1763.

After the inauguration of the Trinity statue, Stefan Neubrandt started the preparations for the restoration of the St. Florian Vow Altar. The restoration of the statue was done by Attila Fekete restorer and András contour sculptor. Some statue elements were in the stone storage of the Kiscell Museum. The missing parts were chiseled by the couple M. Katalin Gémes and György Markolt. After the death of Stefan Neubrandt, the restoration of the Vow Altar fell back, but the statues were almost finished in 2010.

On September 26, 2012, dr. János Székely, Deputy of the Bilofts of Esztergom-Budapest the altar of vows was consecrated.


The old and the new St. Florian Vow Altar
(Óbuda homepage)


The old and the new St. Florian Vow Altar
(Óbuda homepage)



Books, publications, calendars


Mrs. Hedvig Gálosfai, born Wittmann, wrote three books by the former Altofners. The publication of the books was supported by the Altofen-Krottendorf Self-Administration, the German Self-Administration and the Brown Shearling Association.

- The bilingual book “Gyalogszerrel, tutajon” presented immigration and settlement.

- The book “Kockás abrosz, jó kadarka” refreshes the memory of the famous little pubs and restaurants.

- The book “Óbuda régi ízei” lists old dishes that are still cooked today.

- "Szülőföldünk Békásmegyer" and also

- "The chronicle of our hometown" by Katalin Holevász introduce us to the former Krottendorf.

- The former old oven has been refreshed by the Braunhaxler nostalgia calendar. For financial reasons we have not been able to publish the calendar for 10 years.

The books and a video of the Altofner can be viewed on the Örökségtár website.













The traditional events and memorial days


The Braunhaxlerverein, which is celebrating its 20th anniversary, considered not only the traditional events and the restoration of the old statues, but also the memory of civilian victims after the Second World War to be important.

Remembrance of the civilian victims of "Malenkij robot"

The brown knuckle club and the German self-government Altofen-Krottendorf have put a plaque on the wall of the mayor's office. Every year on January 19th we remember the victims with a holy mass in the church of Saints Peter and Paul. After the mass, a wreath is attached to the memorial plaque.


Remembrance of the civilian victims kidnapped to malenkij robot


Remembrance of the civilian victims kidnapped to malenkij robot



Memory of the expellees from Krottendorf


Every year on the first Sunday we also remember the expellees from Krottendorf. A holy mass is celebrated in the church of Sankt Josef in Krottendorf and after the mass the memorial plaque is festively wreathed.



Traditional bundle ball


Mardi Gras is the time of fools. Pigs used to be slaughtered at this time, the new wine was already in the barrels, so they had time to celebrate. The food, various dishes, cakes and wines were brought to the ball "in bundles". They could offer each other the homemade delicacies. These habits are still alive today.

This event is always held in Krottendorf. Of course, the traditional Schrammel music is also part of the festival.

The ball was organized by Alfred Millinger until 2011, and the Schwabenball has been organized by Tibor Tauner since 2012.



Bilingual Way of the Cross on the Kleinzellberg


We have been meeting next to the Sankt Margit Hospital on every Good Friday since 1995. We take part in the Way of the Cross together. We pray and sing in Hungarian and German.


Remembrance of the expelled civilian citizens of Krottendorf


Remembrance of the expelled civilian citizens of Krottendorf


Way of the Cross on the Kleinzellberg


Way of the Cross on the Kleinzellberg












Kirschenkiritog in Altofen


The cherry church of the patron saints Saint Peter and Paul was and is famous and known everywhere. The Kirchtag used to be held next to the church, especially the Schrammelmusik, the Ringelspiel, the carousel and the gingerbread were popular.

The church festival was also a family festival: the families also came home from abroad. The festive menu, as is well known, was roast goose and duck and the cherry strudel was a must. Quote from Gyula Krúdy:

"The Braunhaxler had slaughtered so many geese, ducks and chickens that the shovel ships could not go to Vienna because of the many intestines in the water".

After many years we were able to celebrate the 1995 church day again.

The first newly organized church festival lasted three days in the park next to Florianplatz. Three stages, carousels, beer tents, craft tents were set up. The next year we held the Kirchentag in the main square.

A few years ago we were given the honor of having the church day built into the series of events for the “Altofner Summer”.

The meeting of choirs who came from different places is already known everywhere. In the beginning only the Hungarian-German choirs performed, but for years the Slovak and Polish choirs have also appeared. The guests are warmly welcomed by the brown knuckle club.

The Schrammelmusik cannot be left out either. On the second day of the Kiritog we await the guests with various programs, with a folk art market and children's programs.

The organizers from 1995 were Stefan Neubrandt and Tibor Tauner, since 2004 Olga Neubrandt and Tibor Tauner.

















Nationalities - Advent Festival


For many years we have been holding our Advent festival on the third Thursday of December. As part of the Advent festival, the children from the national kindergartens and schools perform.

We have been celebrating with Polish and Slovak choirs for 3 years. At the end of the event, all participating choirs will sing the song “Silent Night” together in four languages.









The traditional festival of the citizens of Ofner was the Potato Church Day. They remembered the victims of the Pest-Buda flood in 1838. In the St. Peter and Paul Church in Altofen and in the “Ujlaki” church, a plaque shows how the flood was. The residents of Pest fled to the Buda side, where they were greeted by Swabian innkeepers with fried potatoes and goose lard.

There was also an ecclesiastical declaration on the Krumpiernkiritog: The patron saint of the Barefoot Church of Franziskanus Kapistran was Saint Stefan, who was stoned. The symbol of the stones was the potato, which is why the church day got the name "Potato church day". The Kirchentag was held in various restaurants and the potatoes were decorated with red-white-green ribbons and hung on the clothes. The revitalization of this event comes from Arpad Fischer. In 1958 he was the organizer of the church convention.

This church convention was held in the “Paksi” pub.

A potato king has been elected every year since 1995, which is a special honor. Tibor Tauner has been organizing the Kirchentag in Altofen since 1981. We used to organize in various pubs and restaurants such as Radeberger, Romer Bandi, Sipos, Vasmacska. In recent years the church days have been organized in Restaurant Rozmaring.








Members from Krottendorf such as Alfred Millinger, Imre Szöllősi and László Wittinger were and are members of the brown knuckle club and also on the board.

  • In 1999 the Békásmegy Street is called Trinity Street again. Thank you for that Participation. The delegation from Billig also attended the holy massHeim-Sulzbach and the Braunhaxlerchor took part.
  • In 2001 a newly opened street was named by Görgy Herhoff. György Herhoff was a young man from Krottendorf who died in Revolution 1956died a martyr. His sister Mrs. Szabóborn MáriaHerhoff is also a member of the board.

The German self-government and the brown knuckle club took an active part in church life and in the events.

  • In 1996 the Óbuda-Hegyvidék Szentháromság parish celebrated its 50th anniversary.The Braunhaxlerverein a German-speaking mass and there were also Hungarian-German choirs. The organizers of this festival were dr. József Fehérváriand István Neubrandt.
  • In 2001 at the Taize meeting, in cooperation with the First Altofener Elementary School, the young people from different countries were warmly welcomed on New Year's Eve. The organizers were dr. József Fehérvári and István Neubrandt.


Holy Mass


Herhoff György Strasse, street name


Herhoff György Strasse, street name












Study trips, excursions


Personal contact is most important in cultivating and maintaining traditions.

The German-speaking residents in Altofen-Krottendorf had to endure many strokes of fate. Few were able to stay in their place of birth. It was also forbidden to speak German, they didn't want to leave any problems to their relatives.

The traditions are very important, which is why the brown shank club organizes study trips to the German-speaking areas or to nationality villages every year. The customs and traditions live better in the country than in the city. You still use the dialect. For example, we organized joint study trips with the Catholic German Association in Fünfkirchen.

We visited the Hungarian-German villages and places in Hungary, but we were also abroad, for example: Mariazell, Ulm, Passau, Kirschberg, Altötting, Kassa, Kárpátalja. We also took part in the Csiksomlyó Church Day, where our flag was inaugurated. We also visited the cities of Eszék, Kolozsvár, Marosvásárhely and Brassó.

We sometimes took two buses to pilgrimages. We have also visited many Hungarian-German places in Hungary where we could deepen our friendship with them, such as: Pannonhalma, Máriapócs, Pécs, Eger, Vállaj, Hercegkút, Szulok, Soroksár, Somberek, Máriagyüd, etc.

We also took part in the choir meetings, in the church days of the Hungarian-German villages and towns. These days always ended with singing and dancing together. Because of our study trips, we have good contacts at home and abroad.



Mariazell, Kassa, Csíksomlyó, Hercegkút, Nagybörzsöny, Soroksár









Mátraverebély-Szentkút, Tolna, Tolna, Dunaharaszti







Our plans


The first 20 years in the life of the Braunhaxlerverein passed with a lot of work, but also with a lot of success.

In 2010 the self-government of Altofen-Krottendorf founded "the price of civil organizations". Our club was the first to receive this award.

We would also like to enrich Altofen and Krottendorf in the years to come. Our next task is to restore the Filoxera Chapel.


"Civil Organization of the Year" award ceremony


"Civil Organization of the Year" award ceremony



The restoration of the Filoxera Chapel

This chapel was built by the Altofner winegrowers, by Braunhaxler. This area was not devastated by the Filoxera, so they left the chapel here on the outside.

Unfortunately, the chapel is currently in poor condition, so renovation is very desirable.

The restoration of the Filoxera chapel is supported by the German self-government and by the brown knuckle club. We hope that we can hold our memorial mass in the newly renovated chapel in September.

Although the almost 150-year-old chapel is not an art monument, it has a special value for the Braunhaxler. With this renewal we will become even richer.

Thanks for the joint support of the Ministry of Economics and the self-government of Altofen-Krottendorf, we can finish the renovation of the Filoxera chapel in the anniversary year 2014.


Filoxéra chapel






Crosses on the edge of the streets, small statues

The devout Swabians had smaller votive chapels and small statues set up along the road. We would like to renew these chapels and crosses in the future, such as: the statue of St. Anton on the Jablonka Way and the Sad Jesus Chapel on the border of Csillaghegy.


Saint Anton statue


Corner cross


Books, publications, calendars

Ms. Hedvig Gálosfai is already collecting the new material for her new book, which will present the Altofen cemetery.

Hopefully her state of health allows her to produce this book too.

We would like to publish the book Our Birthplace - Krottendorf again. There is great interest in it.

The issue of the nostalgic brown knuckle calendar depends on our financial situation. We would like to reissue the calendar in the anniversary year. We would like to introduce the former Altofen and Krottendorf from the past.



The members of the German self-government of Altofen-Krottendorf

Chairman of the German Self-Government 1994-2010 dr. Josef Fehérvári, the deputies:

Since 1994

Peter Hofmann

László Mercz dr.

Alfred Millinger

Imre Szöllősi

László Wittinger


Since 1998

László Mercz dr.

Alfred Millinger

István Neubrandt

Imre Szöllősi

László Wittinger


Since 2006

Aladár Bonnhardt

Andrea Fehérvári dr.

László Mercz dr.

Alfred Millinger

Tibor Tauner


Since 2010 the chairwoman of the German Nationalities Self-Administration is the widow of:

István Neubrandt,

Olga Neubrandt.


The members of the board:

Deputy: Tibor Tauner

Mrs. Katalin Aradi

László Mercz dr.


On October 15, 2013, Ms. Olga Neubrandt received the Imre Henszlmann Prize for her excellent work in the preservation of art monuments in Altofen.



The board of the Braunhaxlerverein.


The honorary chairman István Tarlós, mayor of Altofen-Krottendorf, has been the mayor of the capital of Budapest since 1994.

Managing Director:

József Fehérvári dr.



Imre dedics dr.

László Mercz dr.

Alfred Millinger

Imre Szöllősi

Tibor Tauner


At the plenary meeting on September 4th, 1998 the following members were elected:

Honorary Chairman:

István Tarlós


Managing Director:

István Neubrandt


Deputy Managing Director:

József Fehérvári dr.


1st and 2nd deputy:

Tibor Tauner and Imre Szöllősi


Members of the board:

Tibor Budai

György Horváth

László Mercz dr.

Alfred Millinger

Zoltán Tolnai


At the general assembly on August 29, 2002. the following were chosen

  Honorary Chairman:

István Tarlós


Managing Director:

István Neubrandt


1st and 2nd deputy:

Tibor Tauner and Imre Szöllősi


Members of the board:

Tibor Budai

Aladár Bonnhard

László Mercz dr.

Alfred Millinger


At the extraordinary general assembly on March 25, 2004 because of the death of István Neubrandt, the following members were elected.

Honorary Chairman:

István Tarlós


Managing Director:

Tibor Tauner


1. Deputy:

László Wittinger


2. Deputy:

László Mercz dr.


Secretary and Treasurer:

Mrs. Olga Neubrandt


Members of the Board of Directors:

Mrs. Hedvig Gálosfai

Istvan Georgi

Alfréd Millinger

József Pupli

Ferenc Schlotter


At the plenary meeting on March 18, 2010. the following MPs were elected.

Honorary Chairman:

István Tarlós


Managing Director:

Tibor Tauner


1. Deputy:

László Wittinger


2. Deputy:

László Mercz dr.


Secretary and Treasurer:

Mrs. Olga Neubrandt


Members of the Board of Directors:

Gabriella Domaniczki

József Pupli

Ferenc Schlotter


Founder of the "BRAUNHAXLER" song circle:

Katalin Aradi

Gabriella Domaniczki

János Drávucz

Primusz Marton

Maria Primusz Marton

Teréz Mészáros

Zsuzsanna Windt Papp

Márta Póczik

Antal Romits

Maria Szabó née Herrhoff

Éva Szalontai

Tibor Tauner

Attila Geng Timar


Board of the "BRAUNHAXLER"Song circle


Gabriella Domaniczki



in Katalin Aradi



Lajos Domonkos

Eszter Pata

Tibor Tauner


Our supporters / sponsors:

Our main supporters are the self-administration of Altofen-Krottendorf

Hotel Aquincum Art & Architect Stúdió

Budai Tégla Rt

Cecei-Kéhli Vendéglő

Celer Kft

CIB bank

Colortext Kft

Duna Interservice

Ericsson Távközlési Kft


Flórián Borozó

Fővárosi Német Önkormányzat

ICO trade


Koral Kf

Kovács Peugeot

Magyar Országgyűlés

Művészeti és Szabadművelődési Alapítvány

Népszabadság Rt

Obuda Múzeum

Óbuda Szövetkezet

Óbudai Művelődési Központ

Obuda-Suzuki Kósa és Tsa

Óbuda-Újlak Rt

Opel Gombos

Opel Maxabó

Országos Német Önkormányzat

Parajdi és Társa Autóalkatrészkereskedelmi Kft

Proform Rt

Raiffeisen Bank

Remíz Kft Kis Budagyöngye

Rocco jeans

Római Halászkert Vendéglő

Siemens Rt

Stoptábla Kft

Számmester Bt

Tóth Pál építési vállalkozó

Triking Kft


Viking Marina Budapest Club

Virtuóz Nyomdaipari Kft


Zwack Unikum Rt


Budapest, February 2014